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Flashcards in Shall I Compare Thee Deck (17):
1

Sun

Sometimes too hot the eye of Heaven shines
And often is his gold complexion dimm'd

2

Everything will die/go downhill

And every fair from fair sometime declines
By chance, or nature's changing course untrimm'd

3

You won't though

But thy eternal summer shall not fade
Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st

4

Death won't get you bc...

Nor shall death brag thou wand'rest in his shade
When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st

5

You're forever

So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee

6

Structure of the poem

Typical of a Shakespearean sonnet - 14 lines split into 3 quatrains + rhyming couplet at end
Iambic pentameter used throughout
Each line quite contained, punctuation at end of almost every one

7

A.k.a.

Sonnet 18

8

First quatrain

- opens by asking should he compare lover to summer's day, expect that he'll say she's as lovely as it
- goes on to say she's even better (first 2 quatrains)
- begins to list flaws of summer

9

Second quatrain

- continues listing flaws of summer's day
- says everything beautiful stops being beautiful/dies at some point - either by chance or through nature

10

Third quatrain

- says his lover's beauty won't fade - they'll have an eternal summer
- says death will never brag of having captured lover, as they're immortalised in his verses

11

Rhyming couplet

- claims that as long as there are people on earth, lover's beauty will live on through people reading poem
- says his beloved has been given eternal life due to being immortalised in poem
- repetition of 'so long' + 'this' emphasise that this is forever

12

Explain quatrains 1 + 2

- dissing summer, saying lover is better
- speaking directly to lover --> adds sense of intimacy
- use quotes to explain + give examples
- e.g. "and every fair from fair sometimes declines,
By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd" - summer fades into autumn, so author doesn't want to compare lover to something so transient + imperfect as summer's day
- holds summer's day to harsh criticism, explains why lover is far superior

13

Explain quatrain 3

- has explained that lover is more beautiful than summer, and that summer isn't lasting, now explains why lover will last longer
- says beauty won't fade as it is immortalised in this poem
- even when they die, death can't boast of having control over them, as they'll live on in the lines Shakespeare wrote + their loveliness will be preserved for all time

14

Explain the rhyming couplet

- says that as long as there are people alive, his lover's beauty will live on
- bc as long as there are people to read it, beauty won't die

15

Tone

- loving
- warm

16

Themes

Love
- simply expressed but in a powerful way
- about the transience of life/beauty - if liked to physical beings, will pass away, but if captured in poetry will live forever
- last two lines emphasise point of sonnet - beloved will live forever in these words

17

Techniques

1. Iambic pentameter
- 10 syllables in each line
- unstressed syllable followed by stressed x5
- gives lovely fixed rhythm to sonnet, makes sentiments expressed seem more definite + convincing than looser structure would
- v. clear in last two lines
2. Rhyming
- ABAB format until last two lines, adds to lovely set rhythm
- last two lines are rhyming couplet, nice finish to poem as rounds up whole message in two neat little lines which rhyme with one another
3. Imagery
- beautiful imagery of summer's day
- give examples of lines etc.
4. Alliteration
- e.g. "by chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd"
5. Talking directly to lover --> sense of intimacy