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Flashcards in Sherry Deck (30):
1

What are the grapes of Sherry?

Palomino, PX, Moscatel

2

What are the cities of the Sherry Triangle? What is the province?

Jerez de la Fontera, San Lucar de Barrameda, El Puerto de Santa Maria. Cadiz

3

What are the soil types of sherry?

Albariza - chalk, Barros - Clay, Arenas - sand

4

What are the subvarieties of Palomino?

Palomino Fino and Palomino de Jerez

5

Where is most PX actually grown?

Malaga DO

6

Where is most of the Moscatel grown?

Near Chipiona (SW of Sanlucar) in the coastal Arenas soils

7

What process do Moscatel and PX undergo when being produced as sweetening agents?

Soleo - sun drying for 1-3 weeks

8

What is the training method in Jerez?

Vara y Pulgar - alternate spurs pruned each year.

9

What is the press limit for Palomino Fino?

72.5L/100kg of grapes

10

What are the stages of the pressed must?

Primera yema (60-70%), Segunda Yema (press wine), Mosto prensa (distill)

11

What was traditionally used to acidify the must in sherry?

plaster (yeso)

12

What is now used for acidification in Sherry?

Tartaric Acid

13

What is desfangado?

racking in jerez

14

What are the classifications of wine destined to become sherry immediately after fermentation, but before fortification?

Palo or gordura. / or O

15

What is used to fortify sherry?

mitad y mitad - grape spirit and mature sherry

16

What is the alcohol content of fortification for fino? Oloroso?

15-15.5%. 17-18%

17

What is the yeast that is responsible for sherry's unique flavor?

Flor del Vino

18

What does flor consume?

metabolizes glycerin, alcohol and volatile acids.

19

What is the size of a sherry barrel?

600L American Butts

20

What is the sobretablas?

a waiting period of 6m to 1 y after flor develops for observation and then possible reclassification of the sherry

21

What are the 2nd classifications of sherry?

Palma - into fino, Palma Cortada - amontillado, Palo Cortado - flor but rich --> fortification and into Palo cortado, Raya - poor flor fortification into oloroso. Dos Rayas - rough and coarse w/no flor, high VA --> blended and sweetened or vinegar

22

Minimum aging for sherry?

2 years. 3 pre '10

23

What is Anada?

vintage in jerez

24

what is a criadera?

layer of a solera

25

How much sherry can be removed at a time?

1:2(3)

26

What is the alcohol range of an amontillado?

16-22%

27

What is a generoso sherry?

A dry sherry - fino, amontillado, oloroso, palo corado; manzanilla pasada, manzanilla, manzanilla oloroso

28

What is a generoso liqueur?

Sherry that is blended with sweetening agents. Pale Cream, Cream, and Medium

29

What do the winds of Jerez do?

The Levante, hot easterly, dries out the grapes.

The pontiente, humid cooler, promotes flor growth

30

Where is the Jerez superior?

Between he Sanlúcar and Guadalete rivers. 80% of vines are here. Marcharnudo is here - 2000+ acres. Añina and Carrascal vineyards too