Flashcards in Sherry Deck (32):
What are the grapes of Sherry?
Palomino, PX, Moscatel
What are the cities of the Sherry Triangle? What is the province?
Jerez de la Fontera, San Lucar de Barrameda, El Puerto de Santa Maria. Cadiz
What are the soil types of sherry?
Albariza - chalk, Barros - Clay, Arenas - sand
What are the subvarieties of Palomino?
Palomino Fino and Palomino de Jerez
Where is most PX actually grown?
Where is most of the Moscatel grown?
Near Chipiona (SW of Sanlucar) in the coastal Arenas soils
What process do Moscatel and PX undergo when being produced as sweetening agents?
Soleo - sun drying for 1-3 weeks
What is the training method in Jerez?
Vara y Pulgar - alternate spurs pruned each year.
What is the press limit for Palomino Fino?
72.5L/100kg of grapes
What are the stages of the pressed must?
Primera yema (60-70%), Segunda Yema (press wine), Mosto prensa (distill)
What was traditionally used to acidify the must in sherry?
What is now used for acidification in Sherry?
What is desfangado?
racking in jerez
What are the classifications of wine destined to become sherry immediately after fermentation, but before fortification?
Palo or gordura. / or O
What is used to fortify sherry?
mitad y mitad - grape spirit and mature sherry
What is the alcohol content of fortification for fino? Oloroso?
What is the yeast that is responsible for sherry's unique flavor?
Flor del Vino
What does flor consume?
metabolizes glycerin, alcohol and volatile acids.
What is the size of a sherry barrel?
600L American Butts
What is the sobretablas?
a waiting period of 6m to 1 y after flor develops for observation and then possible reclassification of the sherry
What are the 2nd classifications of sherry?
Palma - into fino, Palma Cortada - amontillado, Palo Cortado - flor but rich --> fortification and into Palo cortado, Raya - poor flor fortification into oloroso. Dos Rayas - rough and coarse w/no flor, high VA --> blended and sweetened or vinegar
Minimum aging for sherry?
2 years. 3 pre '10
What is Anada?
vintage in jerez
what is a criadera?
layer of a solera
How much sherry can be removed at a time?
What is the alcohol range of an amontillado?
What is a generoso sherry?
A dry sherry - fino, amontillado, oloroso, palo corado; manzanilla pasada, manzanilla, manzanilla oloroso
What is a generoso liqueur?
Sherry that is blended with sweetening agents. Pale Cream, Cream, and Medium
What do the winds of Jerez do?
The Levante, hot easterly, dries out the grapes.
The pontiente, humid cooler, promotes flor growth
Where is the Jerez superior?
Between he Sanlúcar and Guadalete rivers. 80% of vines are here. Marcharnudo is here - 2000+ acres. Añina and Carrascal vineyards too
What is the preferred alcohol for flor to do its work?