Spain Flashcards Preview

Spain > Spain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spain Deck (137):
1

What is and where can cencibel be found?

Tempranillo in Castilla - La Mancha

2

What are the grapes of Sherry?

PX, Palomino, and Moscatel

3

Place in order from North to South: Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira,

Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands

4

What is the Southernmost DO in Galicia?

Monterrei

5

What are the aging requirements for white Ribera del Duero

Not permitted. BUT for rosado Crianza (only) 18m (6m wood)

6

What is Tempranillo known as in Ribera del Duero?

Tinto Fino/Tinto del Pais

7

What are the grape requirements for the Rias Baixas Subs when listed?

VdSalnes/RdUlla - 70% recommended; O Rosal 70% Alb + Loureira; Condado 70% Alb + Treix

8

What is the largest vineyard in Jerez?

Macharnudo @ 2000+ha

9

What is the sobretablas?

A holding/observation stage for wine classified as Palo (in sherry) is put in for 6months to a year if it develops flor. From there it's redirected into a final classification depending on it's flor development

10

Which DO 4 pointed stars on corks

Cava

11

Where in Castilla - la mancha can you find chalker bedrock, providing better water retention for vines to use?

Valdepenas

12

What categories may a palo be put into post sobretablas?

Palma, Palma Cortada, Palo Cortado, Raya, Dos Rayas

13

What are the DO's of Aragon

Campo de Borja, Calatayud, Cariñena, and Somontano

14

Name 3 producers in Ribera del Duero

Vega Sicilia, Pingus, Pesquera

15

What river borders Portugal and Rias Baixas

Miño

16

What is an amontillado sherry?

A fino sherry whose flor fades or doesn't develop, is fortified, and aged oxidatively

17

What is the W humid wind in sherry country?

Pontiente

18

What is Licorella?

Slate w/quartz found in Priorat

19

What were the first and most recent DOCa's?

1991 Rioja. Priorato 2009 (DOCa. 2000 as DOQ)

20

What are the aging requirements for Red Ribera del Duero Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva?

2(1), 3(1), 5(2+3)

21

What are the top vineyards of Lopez de Heredia?

Tondonia*, Bosconia*, Gravonia; Only sites for Gran reserva. Made 20 times since 1890. Tondonia is only site for white gran reservas

22

What is Muga's top bottling?

Prado Enea - 80% Tempranillo, the rest a blend of Garnacha, Mazuelo, and Graciano, from vines grown on a combination of chalky clay and alluvial soils. The vinification process takes place in wooden vats of varying sizes, beginning with large vats during maceration and fermentation. The wine is transferred to smaller vats and aged for three years, with an additional three years in bottle. The wine is filtered with egg whites. Inaugural vintage 1968.

23

What is a Palo Cortado?

A wine destined to become fino or amontillado that gains body as it develops, is fortified to 17.5%, and undergoes oxidative aging to gain richness. Has both the crispness of an amontillado but the richness of an oloroso

24

What are the soils of Sherry?

Albariza - chalk; Arenas - sand; and Barros - Clay

25

Spanish for Bush Trained vines

En Vaso

26

What was the first Unico released?

1929 World's Fair the 1917 and 1918 vintages of Unico got some top praise

27

What is Rueda known for?

Sparkling and Verdejo and Sauvignon Blanc (can be varietally labeled)

28

Who is Peter Sisseck?

Pingus owner

29

What is the vine training of vines in Sherry?

Vara y Pulgar - Alternate spurs are pruned each year. One year's Vara (stick) pruned back to become next year's Bulgar (thumb)

30

What is the coolest region in the Levante?

Utiel Requena DO

31

What are the DO's of Pais Vasco?

Getariako Txakolina, Bizkaiko Txakolina, Arabako Txakolina

32

What is the primary grape of Montilla Moriles?

PX. Jerez is permitted to import due to declining acreage

33

What is the 'Golden Mile'

Stretch of land along the Duero from Tudela de Duero to Peñafel (W->E) that includes the wineries of Vega Sicilia, Pingus, Abadia Retuerta, Alion, and Mauro

34

What is the cepage of Unico? Pesquera?

Temp + CS; all Temp.

35

What is an almacenista?

Broker that purchases and ages young wine to later sell it at maturity

36

What is the Easternmosts DO in Galicia?

Valdeorras

37

What are the subzones of Rioja?

Alta, Baja (oriental), Alavesa

38

Where was the doble pasta method made famous?

Utiel Requena DO.

39

What DO Pagos are in Navarra and in what subzone?

Botegas Otazu in Valdizarbe, Arinzano and Prado de Irache in Tierra Estella (3 total)

40

What white variety is planted in Ribera del Duero and what's it used for?

Albillo for blending into Rose's

41

Where would you find Viño Tostado?

Local specialty in Ribeiro from dried grapes

42

Does Palomino undergo the Soleo process?

Rarely. If so, for <24hours

43

What is the maximum press yield in Sherry?

72.5L/100kg

44

What is the Dry hot E Wind in sherry country?

Levante

45

What and where is wine traditionally consumed from white porcelain bowls?

In Ribeiro, this is tradition for Alicante Bouchet

46

What DO's does the Sil flow through?

Ribeira Sacra, Valdeorras, and Bierzo

47

Where/what Is the Raïmat estate?

A subzone of Costers del Segre DO and named for the estate that Manuel Raventos establishedd in 1914. The estate took 60 years to produce it's first vintage due to the infertility and arid-ness of the land

48

Who own the original 5 clos?

René Barbier (Clos Mogador), Costers del Siurana (Clos de l’Obac), Álvaro Palacios (Finca Dofí, L’Ermita), Mas Martinet (Clos Martinet), and Clos & Terrasses (Clos Erasmus)

49

What is require for a white wine from Spain labeled Crianza? Reserva? Gran Reserva?

18m, 2 years, 4 years. 6m for all

50

What is a criadera?

a layer of the solera.

51

When was the DO Calificada established?

1988

52

What is the largest Autonomia in Spain?

Castilla y Leon

53

What is Viura?

Macabeo

54

What is the body of water bordering Basque Country?

Bay of biscay

55

What is VORS?

Vignum Optimum Rare Signatum - 30yo solera sherry.

56

What are the Vil de la Vila/Vino de Pueblo?

Village level Priorat area wines: La Morera de Montsant, Gratallops, Bellmunt del Priorat, Escaladei, Porrera, Poboleda, La Vilella Baixa, La Vilella Alta, El Lloar, Masos del Terme de Falset, Solanes del Terme de El Molar, Torroja del Priorat

57

What are the original five 'clos' of priorat?

Clos Mogador, Clos Dofi, Clos Erasmus, Clos de l'Obac, Clos Martinet

58

When did Ribera del Duero gain DO status?

1982

59

What DO's are in Andalucia?

Condado de huelva, (sherry), malaga, sierras de malaga, montilla-moriles

60

What is Dulce Pasa?

A mistela of sun-dried palomino

61

What are the Island DO's of the Canary Islands?

La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote

62

What is Fondillon?

Solera style, oxidative, dessert wine from overripe monastrell w/10+ years of aging. No fortification. No wood flavor. From Alicante DO in Valencia

63

What level of a solera is actually the solera?

The last level from which wine is drawn for bottling

64

Where is Bobal a permitted grape?

Utiel Requena, Valencia, Manchuela, and Ribera de Jucar

65

What is the required amount of native grapes in Rioja?

85%; 95% if destemmed

66

What is the DO of Extremadura

Ribera del Guadiana DO

67

What are the DO of Jerez?

Jerez-Xeres-Sherry, and Manzanilla-Sanlucar de Barrameda

68

Dorado - what and from where?

Rueda. Local dry, oxidized, fortified wine

69

What are the provinces of Ribera del Duero?

Valladolid, Burgos, Soria, Segovia

70

What is require for a red wine from Spain labeled Crianza? Reserva? Gran Reserva?

2 years (6m), 3 years (1), 5 years (18m)

71

What is VOS?

Vignum Optimum Signatum - 20yo. solera sherry.

72

What are the aging categories for Malaga Vino de Licor?

Malaga Palido <6mos; Malaga 6-24mos; Malaga Noble 2-3 yrs; Malaga Anejo 3-5 yrs; Malaga Transanejo 5+yrs

73

What is a Manzanilla Pasada?

A manzanilla that has developed some oxidative characteristics due to extended aging and faded flor. Though not long enough to become a Manzanilla Amontillada

74

When was the Denominacion de Origen established?

1970

75

What is Ojo de Gallo?

Traditional blended Rosados from Pais Vasco

76

How much wine may be drawn from a solara for bottling?

Up to 1/3. For every liter removed, 2 must remain

77

What is the mountain range separating Castille and Andalucia?

Sierra Morena

78

Where can I find Marmajuelo?

Canary Islands

79

What are the DO of the Balearic Islands?

Binissalem and Pla I Llevant

80

What mountains border North Central Spain?

Cantabrian Mountains to the North bordering Pais Vasco, and Pyrenees bordering france

81

What is the minimum aging requirement for sherry?

2 years (lowered from 3 in 2010)

82

Where is the grape Zalema found?

Condado de Huevla in Andalucia

83

What is Arrope?

Vino de Calor reduced bu 1/5

84

What is vino de color?

a syrup of reduced syrup and fresh must used to adjust color in sherry

85

what are the DO's of Tenerife?

Tacoronte Acentejo, Valle de la Orotava, Ycoden Daute-Isora, Abona, Valle de Guimar

86

What are the DO's of Galicia?

Rias Baixas, Ribiero, Valdeorras, Ribiera Sacra, Monterrei

87

What grapes are traditional for Cava?

Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeo

88

Who founded Vega Sicilia and When?

1864 Don Eloy Lacanda y Chaves

89

What are the grapes of the Txakolia DO's

Hondurrabi Beltza (red) and zuri (white)

90

What are the requirements for white rioja crianza, reserva, and gran reserva?

2,2,4. 6m for each. Reserva and gran reserva must be in oak/btl. Crianza may be non-oxidative environment.

91

Who is the world's largest sparkling wine producer?

Freixenet

92

What are the subzones of Navarra?

Valdizarbe, Baja Montaña, Tierra Estella, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja

93

Who is credited with reviving Rueda and Verdejo?

Marques de Riscal by making it into a fresh, crisp wine rather than oxidized.

94

Where and when was Cava created?

San Sadurni d'Anoia in 1872. Jose Raventos of Cordoniu

95

What are the sweetening agents of sherry?

Dulce Pasa, Dulce de Almibar, and Mistela

96

What are the aging requirements for Red Rioja Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva?

2 (1), 3(1) 5(2+3btl)

97

What are the soil types for the Rioja Subzones?

Alta - calcareous clay in north and iron rich clay in lower slopes. Alavesa - Calcareous clay. Baja - Iron rich clay, and alluvial/silt in lower sites

98

What is Samso?

Mazuelo (carignan) in Priorat

99

What is a DOCa?

Denominacion de Origen Calificada. Top category of Spanish wine complying with certain conditions including above - average grape price and stringent quality controls. There are 2. Rioja - 1991. Priorat - 2009 (DOQ in '00 by local authorities).

100

Curse of the 7's

87 97 07 so bad that they're … a curse

101

What are the subs of Ribeira Sacra?

Chantada, Ribeiras do Mino, Ribeiras do Sil, Amandi, Quiroga-Bibei

102

What is sancocho?

Vino de Calor reduced by 1/3

103

What is Dulce de Almibar?

Invert sugar + fino

104

Where is the Serranía de Ronda?

Subregion of Sierras de Malaga

105

Name 5 Vi de la Vila:

La Morera de Montsant, Gratallops, Bellmunt del Priorat, Escaladei, Porrera, Poboleda, La Vilella Baixa, La Vilella Alta, El Lloar, Masos del Terme de Falset, Solanes del Terme de El Molar, Torroja del Priorat

106

What DO Pago is w/in Mentrida DO?

Marques de Grinon's Domino de Valdepusa. Pago status in 03. Estate established in 1973

107

Wind that blows through campo de borja

Ciezo

108

What is Mazuelo?

Carignan

109

What are the non-DO(Ca) quality levels in Spain?

VCIG (Vinos de Calidad con Indicacion Geografica), VdlT (Vino de la Terra), DO Pago

110

What are the subzone of Penedes DO?

Baix-Penedes, Medio Penedes, Alt penedes

111

Subzones of Rias Baixas North to South

Ribeira do Ulla, Val do Salnes, Soutomaior, Condado do Tea, O Rosal

112

What are the DO's of Murcia?

Bullas, jumilla (part), yecla (part), alicante (part)

113

What DO's lie along the Duero in Spain?

Ribera del Duero, Toro, Rueda, Cigales(~), Tierra del Vino de Zamora, Arribes. Arlanza is North of Ribera on the Pisuerga R.

114

What is Doble Pasta?

 red wines are macerated and fermented with twice the normal amount of grape skins and pulp, resulting in a wine of intense concentration, tannin and color. Often, doble pasta wines are used to strengthen weaker blends

115

What are the aging requirements for Cava?

Cava - 9 m; Riserva 15m; Gran Riserva 30 m; del Paraje 36m

116

What is Cava del Paraje?

Singe estate, hand harvested, 36m lees, vintage dated. 10yo+ vines. Lower yields - 8.8 from 12 ton/ha

117

What are the red grapes of Rioja?

Tempranillo, Mazuelo, Graciano, Garnacha

118

What are the white grapes of Rioja?

Viura, Garnacha Bl, Malvasia Riojano, Maturana Bl, Chard, Verdejo

119

What are the aging requirements for white Rioja?

2(6m) may be non-oxidative, 2(6m), 4(6m)

120

What region surrounds Pamplona?

Navarra DO

121

What is the Cierzo?

Cold dry nw wind in N. Central Spain

122

What is the soil type of Bierzo?

Schistous, slate and clay

123

What is the elevation of Ribera del Duero?

~600m

124

What Autonomia make up the Levant region?

Murcia and Valencia

125

Best Vintages in Rioja before 90

70, 82, 86 (better in Ribera), 89, 90

126

What are the towns of Ribera del Duero?

Aranda de Duero and Penafiel

127

What is the newest DO Pago?

La Finca Bolandin in Navarra (Ribeira Baja) in '14

128

What is the largest Vinos de Pago?

La Finca Bolandin w/137ha

129

What is the smallest Vino de Pago?

Prado de Irache in Navarra w/16 ha (Tierra Estella)

130

What is Macan?

Vega Sicilia x Benjamin de Rothschild collab in Rioja

131

What major announcement was made in Rioja in 2017?

The Consejo in Rioja announced the intro of Single Vineyard designation to be known as Vinedos Singulares

132

What types of wine are made in Rioja?

Red, White, Pink, Espumoso

133

What’s significant about bodegas inviosa?

It’s the only cava producing bodega in SW Spain.

134

Which styles of Cava maybe produced in a Gran Reserva style?

Brut, Extra Brut, and Brut Nature

135

Which red grapes are allowed for Cava?

Pinot Noir, Monastrell, Garnacha Tinta, Trepat (for pink wines only)

136

What is the term for semi-sparkling wine from Penedes?

Aguja. 1-2.5 bars

137

What are the tiers of Espumoso from Penedes and their required aging?

Espumoso: min. 12 months;
Espumoso "Premium": min. 18 months;
Espumoso "Reserva": min. 24 months