Flashcards in Spain Deck (137):
What is and where can cencibel be found?
Tempranillo in Castilla - La Mancha
What are the grapes of Sherry?
PX, Palomino, and Moscatel
Place in order from North to South: Canary Islands, Azores, Madeira,
Azores, Madeira, Canary Islands
What is the Southernmost DO in Galicia?
What are the aging requirements for white Ribera del Duero
Not permitted. BUT for rosado Crianza (only) 18m (6m wood)
What is Tempranillo known as in Ribera del Duero?
Tinto Fino/Tinto del Pais
What are the grape requirements for the Rias Baixas Subs when listed?
VdSalnes/RdUlla - 70% recommended; O Rosal 70% Alb + Loureira; Condado 70% Alb + Treix
What is the largest vineyard in Jerez?
Macharnudo @ 2000+ha
What is the sobretablas?
A holding/observation stage for wine classified as Palo (in sherry) is put in for 6months to a year if it develops flor. From there it's redirected into a final classification depending on it's flor development
Which DO 4 pointed stars on corks
Where in Castilla - la mancha can you find chalker bedrock, providing better water retention for vines to use?
What categories may a palo be put into post sobretablas?
Palma, Palma Cortada, Palo Cortado, Raya, Dos Rayas
What are the DO's of Aragon
Campo de Borja, Calatayud, Cariñena, and Somontano
Name 3 producers in Ribera del Duero
Vega Sicilia, Pingus, Pesquera
What river borders Portugal and Rias Baixas
What is an amontillado sherry?
A fino sherry whose flor fades or doesn't develop, is fortified, and aged oxidatively
What is the W humid wind in sherry country?
What is Licorella?
Slate w/quartz found in Priorat
What were the first and most recent DOCa's?
1991 Rioja. Priorato 2009 (DOCa. 2000 as DOQ)
What are the aging requirements for Red Ribera del Duero Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva?
2(1), 3(1), 5(2+3)
What are the top vineyards of Lopez de Heredia?
Tondonia*, Bosconia*, Gravonia; Only sites for Gran reserva. Made 20 times since 1890. Tondonia is only site for white gran reservas
What is Muga's top bottling?
Prado Enea - 80% Tempranillo, the rest a blend of Garnacha, Mazuelo, and Graciano, from vines grown on a combination of chalky clay and alluvial soils. The vinification process takes place in wooden vats of varying sizes, beginning with large vats during maceration and fermentation. The wine is transferred to smaller vats and aged for three years, with an additional three years in bottle. The wine is filtered with egg whites. Inaugural vintage 1968.
What is a Palo Cortado?
A wine destined to become fino or amontillado that gains body as it develops, is fortified to 17.5%, and undergoes oxidative aging to gain richness. Has both the crispness of an amontillado but the richness of an oloroso
What are the soils of Sherry?
Albariza - chalk; Arenas - sand; and Barros - Clay
Spanish for Bush Trained vines
What was the first Unico released?
1929 World's Fair the 1917 and 1918 vintages of Unico got some top praise
What is Rueda known for?
Sparkling and Verdejo and Sauvignon Blanc (can be varietally labeled)
Who is Peter Sisseck?
What is the vine training of vines in Sherry?
Vara y Pulgar - Alternate spurs are pruned each year. One year's Vara (stick) pruned back to become next year's Bulgar (thumb)
What is the coolest region in the Levante?
Utiel Requena DO
What are the DO's of Pais Vasco?
Getariako Txakolina, Bizkaiko Txakolina, Arabako Txakolina
What is the primary grape of Montilla Moriles?
PX. Jerez is permitted to import due to declining acreage
What is the 'Golden Mile'
Stretch of land along the Duero from Tudela de Duero to Peñafel (W->E) that includes the wineries of Vega Sicilia, Pingus, Abadia Retuerta, Alion, and Mauro
What is the cepage of Unico? Pesquera?
Temp + CS; all Temp.
What is an almacenista?
Broker that purchases and ages young wine to later sell it at maturity
What is the Easternmosts DO in Galicia?
What are the subzones of Rioja?
Alta, Baja (oriental), Alavesa
Where was the doble pasta method made famous?
Utiel Requena DO.
What DO Pagos are in Navarra and in what subzone?
Botegas Otazu in Valdizarbe, Arinzano and Prado de Irache in Tierra Estella (3 total)
What white variety is planted in Ribera del Duero and what's it used for?
Albillo for blending into Rose's
Where would you find Viño Tostado?
Local specialty in Ribeiro from dried grapes
Does Palomino undergo the Soleo process?
Rarely. If so, for <24hours
What is the maximum press yield in Sherry?
What is the Dry hot E Wind in sherry country?
What and where is wine traditionally consumed from white porcelain bowls?
In Ribeiro, this is tradition for Alicante Bouchet
What DO's does the Sil flow through?
Ribeira Sacra, Valdeorras, and Bierzo
Where/what Is the Raïmat estate?
A subzone of Costers del Segre DO and named for the estate that Manuel Raventos establishedd in 1914. The estate took 60 years to produce it's first vintage due to the infertility and arid-ness of the land
Who own the original 5 clos?
René Barbier (Clos Mogador), Costers del Siurana (Clos de l’Obac), Álvaro Palacios (Finca Dofí, L’Ermita), Mas Martinet (Clos Martinet), and Clos & Terrasses (Clos Erasmus)
What is require for a white wine from Spain labeled Crianza? Reserva? Gran Reserva?
18m, 2 years, 4 years. 6m for all
What is a criadera?
a layer of the solera.
When was the DO Calificada established?
What is the largest Autonomia in Spain?
Castilla y Leon
What is Viura?
What is the body of water bordering Basque Country?
Bay of biscay
What is VORS?
Vignum Optimum Rare Signatum - 30yo solera sherry.
What are the Vil de la Vila/Vino de Pueblo?
Village level Priorat area wines: La Morera de Montsant, Gratallops, Bellmunt del Priorat, Escaladei, Porrera, Poboleda, La Vilella Baixa, La Vilella Alta, El Lloar, Masos del Terme de Falset, Solanes del Terme de El Molar, Torroja del Priorat
What are the original five 'clos' of priorat?
Clos Mogador, Clos Dofi, Clos Erasmus, Clos de l'Obac, Clos Martinet
When did Ribera del Duero gain DO status?
What DO's are in Andalucia?
Condado de huelva, (sherry), malaga, sierras de malaga, montilla-moriles
What is Dulce Pasa?
A mistela of sun-dried palomino
What are the Island DO's of the Canary Islands?
La Palma, La Gomera, El Hierro, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote
What is Fondillon?
Solera style, oxidative, dessert wine from overripe monastrell w/10+ years of aging. No fortification. No wood flavor. From Alicante DO in Valencia
What level of a solera is actually the solera?
The last level from which wine is drawn for bottling
Where is Bobal a permitted grape?
Utiel Requena, Valencia, Manchuela, and Ribera de Jucar
What is the required amount of native grapes in Rioja?
85%; 95% if destemmed
What is the DO of Extremadura
Ribera del Guadiana DO
What are the DO of Jerez?
Jerez-Xeres-Sherry, and Manzanilla-Sanlucar de Barrameda
Dorado - what and from where?
Rueda. Local dry, oxidized, fortified wine
What are the provinces of Ribera del Duero?
Valladolid, Burgos, Soria, Segovia
What is require for a red wine from Spain labeled Crianza? Reserva? Gran Reserva?
2 years (6m), 3 years (1), 5 years (18m)
What is VOS?
Vignum Optimum Signatum - 20yo. solera sherry.
What are the aging categories for Malaga Vino de Licor?
Malaga Palido <6mos; Malaga 6-24mos; Malaga Noble 2-3 yrs; Malaga Anejo 3-5 yrs; Malaga Transanejo 5+yrs
What is a Manzanilla Pasada?
A manzanilla that has developed some oxidative characteristics due to extended aging and faded flor. Though not long enough to become a Manzanilla Amontillada
When was the Denominacion de Origen established?
What is Ojo de Gallo?
Traditional blended Rosados from Pais Vasco
How much wine may be drawn from a solara for bottling?
Up to 1/3. For every liter removed, 2 must remain
What is the mountain range separating Castille and Andalucia?
Where can I find Marmajuelo?
What are the DO of the Balearic Islands?
Binissalem and Pla I Llevant
What mountains border North Central Spain?
Cantabrian Mountains to the North bordering Pais Vasco, and Pyrenees bordering france
What is the minimum aging requirement for sherry?
2 years (lowered from 3 in 2010)
Where is the grape Zalema found?
Condado de Huevla in Andalucia
What is Arrope?
Vino de Calor reduced bu 1/5
What is vino de color?
a syrup of reduced syrup and fresh must used to adjust color in sherry
what are the DO's of Tenerife?
Tacoronte Acentejo, Valle de la Orotava, Ycoden Daute-Isora, Abona, Valle de Guimar
What are the DO's of Galicia?
Rias Baixas, Ribiero, Valdeorras, Ribiera Sacra, Monterrei
What grapes are traditional for Cava?
Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeo
Who founded Vega Sicilia and When?
1864 Don Eloy Lacanda y Chaves
What are the grapes of the Txakolia DO's
Hondurrabi Beltza (red) and zuri (white)
What are the requirements for white rioja crianza, reserva, and gran reserva?
2,2,4. 6m for each. Reserva and gran reserva must be in oak/btl. Crianza may be non-oxidative environment.
Who is the world's largest sparkling wine producer?
What are the subzones of Navarra?
Valdizarbe, Baja Montaña, Tierra Estella, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja
Who is credited with reviving Rueda and Verdejo?
Marques de Riscal by making it into a fresh, crisp wine rather than oxidized.
Where and when was Cava created?
San Sadurni d'Anoia in 1872. Jose Raventos of Cordoniu
What are the sweetening agents of sherry?
Dulce Pasa, Dulce de Almibar, and Mistela
What are the aging requirements for Red Rioja Crianza, Reserva, and Gran Reserva?
2 (1), 3(1) 5(2+3btl)
What are the soil types for the Rioja Subzones?
Alta - calcareous clay in north and iron rich clay in lower slopes. Alavesa - Calcareous clay. Baja - Iron rich clay, and alluvial/silt in lower sites
What is Samso?
Mazuelo (carignan) in Priorat
What is a DOCa?
Denominacion de Origen Calificada. Top category of Spanish wine complying with certain conditions including above - average grape price and stringent quality controls. There are 2. Rioja - 1991. Priorat - 2009 (DOQ in '00 by local authorities).
Curse of the 7's
87 97 07 so bad that they're … a curse
What are the subs of Ribeira Sacra?
Chantada, Ribeiras do Mino, Ribeiras do Sil, Amandi, Quiroga-Bibei
What is sancocho?
Vino de Calor reduced by 1/3
What is Dulce de Almibar?
Invert sugar + fino
Where is the Serranía de Ronda?
Subregion of Sierras de Malaga
Name 5 Vi de la Vila:
La Morera de Montsant, Gratallops, Bellmunt del Priorat, Escaladei, Porrera, Poboleda, La Vilella Baixa, La Vilella Alta, El Lloar, Masos del Terme de Falset, Solanes del Terme de El Molar, Torroja del Priorat
What DO Pago is w/in Mentrida DO?
Marques de Grinon's Domino de Valdepusa. Pago status in 03. Estate established in 1973
Wind that blows through campo de borja
What is Mazuelo?
What are the non-DO(Ca) quality levels in Spain?
VCIG (Vinos de Calidad con Indicacion Geografica), VdlT (Vino de la Terra), DO Pago
What are the subzone of Penedes DO?
Baix-Penedes, Medio Penedes, Alt penedes
Subzones of Rias Baixas North to South
Ribeira do Ulla, Val do Salnes, Soutomaior, Condado do Tea, O Rosal
What are the DO's of Murcia?
Bullas, jumilla (part), yecla (part), alicante (part)
What DO's lie along the Duero in Spain?
Ribera del Duero, Toro, Rueda, Cigales(~), Tierra del Vino de Zamora, Arribes. Arlanza is North of Ribera on the Pisuerga R.
What is Doble Pasta?
red wines are macerated and fermented with twice the normal amount of grape skins and pulp, resulting in a wine of intense concentration, tannin and color. Often, doble pasta wines are used to strengthen weaker blends
What are the aging requirements for Cava?
Cava - 9 m; Riserva 15m; Gran Riserva 30 m; del Paraje 36m
What is Cava del Paraje?
Singe estate, hand harvested, 36m lees, vintage dated. 10yo+ vines. Lower yields - 8.8 from 12 ton/ha
What are the red grapes of Rioja?
Tempranillo, Mazuelo, Graciano, Garnacha
What are the white grapes of Rioja?
Viura, Garnacha Bl, Malvasia Riojano, Maturana Bl, Chard, Verdejo
What are the aging requirements for white Rioja?
2(6m) may be non-oxidative, 2(6m), 4(6m)
What region surrounds Pamplona?
What is the Cierzo?
Cold dry nw wind in N. Central Spain
What is the soil type of Bierzo?
Schistous, slate and clay
What is the elevation of Ribera del Duero?
What Autonomia make up the Levant region?
Murcia and Valencia
Best Vintages in Rioja before 90
70, 82, 86 (better in Ribera), 89, 90
What are the towns of Ribera del Duero?
Aranda de Duero and Penafiel
What is the newest DO Pago?
La Finca Bolandin in Navarra (Ribeira Baja) in '14
What is the largest Vinos de Pago?
La Finca Bolandin w/137ha
What is the smallest Vino de Pago?
Prado de Irache in Navarra w/16 ha (Tierra Estella)
What is Macan?
Vega Sicilia x Benjamin de Rothschild collab in Rioja
What major announcement was made in Rioja in 2017?
The Consejo in Rioja announced the intro of Single Vineyard designation to be known as Vinedos Singulares
What types of wine are made in Rioja?
Red, White, Pink, Espumoso
What’s significant about bodegas inviosa?
It’s the only cava producing bodega in SW Spain.
Which styles of Cava maybe produced in a Gran Reserva style?
Brut, Extra Brut, and Brut Nature
Which red grapes are allowed for Cava?
Pinot Noir, Monastrell, Garnacha Tinta, Trepat (for pink wines only)
What is the term for semi-sparkling wine from Penedes?
Aguja. 1-2.5 bars