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Flashcards in Short Answers Deck (7)
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1

What was enclosure?

When landowners began to considerate the small strips into large fields.

2

Why was enclosure important to the industrial revolution?

Larger fields meant that farmers spent less time working the land and could work it more profitably. Farming also Evans's a business. New plants and animals were introduced and farming could became more mechanized.

3

Disadvantages of cottage industries

- Weaving/spinning was generally poorly paid
- people worked long hours for little in return
- Individual cottages worked alone

4

Advantages of cottage industries

- Working in homes meant that they could look after their families
- They were able to work/live in their own communities
- The income benefited their families

5

Jobs children had

- Run in and out of the working power looms and use their small hands to pick out loose threads or tangles
- Small boys cleared out the soot in chimneys and cleaned the chimneys
- canning food
- Picking berries or shells
- pushing coal carts through mine tunnels

6

Dangers children faced while working

- Exposed pollution from coal-burning
- The air was filled with fluff in the Textile factories which got deep in children's lungs
- Loud machines and looms have off deafening loud sounds
- They were always beaten from overtime shifts

7

Why did children have to work?

- Their families needed money so they sent their children to go work as soon as they were mature enough
- Not a lot of children went to school, so they wouldn't have anything else to do but work
- They were small and people needed someone their size to work for them