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Flashcards in Short Story Terms & Literary Devices Deck (41)
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1

Allegory

An extended narrative in which the characters, their actions, and their surroundings represent abstract ideas or concepts.

2

Alliteration

The repetition of initial consonants for emphasis and effect.

3

Allusion

A reference to something or someone outside the story.

4

Atmosphere

The effect or feeling brought about by the physical effects of the setting.

5

Character is revealed through:

• his/her physical appearance or what the narrator/author reveals
• his/her actions or reactions to what others say or do
• his/her words or thoughts
• what other characters say or think about him/her

6

The four types of character are:

• static

• dynamic

• flat

• round

7

Static

A character who does not change throughout the story

8

Dynamic

A character who undergoes a fundamental change

9

Flat

A one dimensional character

10

Round

A three dimensional- believable character

11

Conflict

The struggle between opposing forces, ideas, or beliefs; the conflicts may be internal or external.

12

Contrast

When an idea or object is thrown into opposition to another for the sake of emphasis or clearness.

13

Dialogue

A conversation between two or more characters. It is often used to reveal character and conflict.

14

Flashback

A jump back into the past to provide an explanation of something the reader needs to know to better understand the story.

15

Foil

When a character is compared or contrasted to another character to emphasize distinctive characteristics.

16

Foreshadowing

Hinting at future events in order to create suspense.

17

Hyperbole

An exaggeration or overstatement for effect.

18

Imagery

Language which invokes our senses. (i.e. sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell)

19

Irony

The use of an idea, word, or phrase to elicit the opposite of its usual meaning.

20

The two types of irony:

1. Dramatic Irony

2. Situational Irony

21

Dramatic Irony

Occurs when the audience knows something that the character does not.

22

Situational Irony

Occurs when circumstances turn out differently from what the reader expects or anticipates.

23

Metaphor

A comparison between two things that does not use "like" or "as". This often helps to make the abstract more concrete for the reader as well as to add emotion.

24

Mood

The emotional state created in the reader by those effects.
• a story has an atmosphere which can create a mood in the reader. The feelings (pity, terror, sadness, shame...), aroused in the reader by the events of the story is the mood.

25

Motif

A repeated image that has a symbolic meaning.

26

Narration

Authors tell their story from a point of view that best enables them to reveal their theme.

27

The four types of narration or point of view are:

1) omniscient

2) limited omniscient

3) objective

4) first person

28

Omniscient

Not a character in the story, but knows the thoughts and feelings of one character.

29

Limited omniscient

A third person perspective that knows the thoughts and feelings of one character.

30

Objective

A third person p.o.v which only reveals that which can be seen or heard.