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Flashcards in Shoulder exam Deck (12)
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1

What does the supraspinatus muscle do?

Abducts the humerus

2

What does the infraspinatus muscle do?

Externally rotates the humerus

3

What does the teres minor muscle do?

Externally rotates the humerus

4

What does the subscapularis muscle do?

Internally rotates the humerus

5

What are the joints of the shoulder?

glenohumeral joint, sternoclavicular joint, acromioclavicular joint, scapulathoracic articulation

6

What do you look for on inspection?

Asymmetry
Deformity-- separation or dislocation
Atrophy
Signs of trauma (swelling, ecchymosis)

7

What do you assess for ROM?

Forward flexion
Abduction (supraspinatus)
External rotation (infraspinatus and teres minor)
Internal rotation (put hands behind back, subscapularis)

8

What do you assess for strength testing?

Abduction -- deltoid, supraspinatus
External rotation-- infraspinatus, teres minor
Internal rotation -- subscapularis
Flexion-- biceps
Extension -- triceps, C7
"Empty can" -- supraspinatus
"Lift off test" -- subscapularis

9

What does the "scarf test" assess?

AC joint pathology
Cross arm adduction

10

What does the Neer impingement test assess?

passive forward flexion with internal rotation--> subacromial impingement

11

What is the order that you do the shoulder exam?

inspection
ROM
strength
special tests
palpation

12

What do you palpate?

clavicle
acromion
AC joint
scapula
Supraspinatous tendon
Biceps tendon