Shoulder Tests Flashcards Preview

Ortho Dx > Shoulder Tests > Flashcards

Flashcards in Shoulder Tests Deck (13):
1

Dugas Test

Positive: Inability to touch the opposite shoulder and/or inability of the elbow to touch the chest

Indicates: Acute dislocation of the shoulder (glenohumeral joint)

2

Anterior Apprehension Test

Positive: Patient will have a noticeable look of apprehension or alarm other face with possible pain

Indicates: Chronic anterior dislocation of the shoulder (glenohumeral joint)

3

Posterior Apprehension Test

Positive: Patient will have a noticeable look of apprehension or alarm on their face with possible pain.

Indicates: Chronic posterior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint.

4

Drop Arm Test aka Codman Drop Arm Test

Positive: Patient will not be able to lower the arm slowly or the arm drops suddenly.

Indicates: Rotator cuff tear, usually supraspinatus

5

Dawbarn Test

Positive: Decrease in pain and or tenderness

Indicates: Subacromial Bursitis

6

Yergason Test

Positive:
1. Localized pain and/or tenderness at the bicipital groove
2. Audible click or the biceps tendon sublease or dislocates

Indicates:
1. Bicipital Tendinitis
2. Instability of the biceps tendon possibly associated with a torn transverse humeral ligament

7

Abbott-Saunders

Positive: Palpable or audible click

Indicates: Subluxation or dislocation of the biceps tendon. Rupture of transverse humeral ligament or tendon subluxation beneath the subscapularis muscle belly.

8

Speed Test

Positive: Pain and or tenderness in the bicipital groove

Indicates: Bicipital Tendinitis

9

Apley Test

Positive: Exacerbation of pain.

Indicates: Degenerative tendinitis of rotator cuff tendons (usually supraspinatus)

10

Impingement Sign

Positive: Pain in the shoulder

Indicates: Overuse injury to the supraspinatus and possible biceps tendon.

11

Soft Tissue

Rotator Cuff Muscles: supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, subscapularis
Subacromial Bursa
Subdeltoid Bursa
Axiallary borders: Serratus Anterior, Pectoralis Major, Axillary Lymph Nodes, Lat D, Bicpital Tendon
Sternocleidomastoid
Biceps
Deltoid (as group & individually)

12

Bony Palpation

Sternoclavicular Articulation
Clavicle
Coracoid Process
Acromioclavicular articulation
Acromion
Greater Tuberosity of the humerus
Bicipital Groove
Lesser Tuberosity of the humerus
Spine of the Scapula
Body of the Scapula
Scapulothoracic Articulation

13

ROM

Flexion = 180
Extension = 60
Abduction = 180
Adduction = 50
Internal Rotation = 70
External Rotation = 90
Elevation
Protraction
Retraction