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Summer 2014 Reading > Silence > Flashcards

Flashcards in Silence Deck (123):
1

Author Name

Shusaku Endo

2

Main Character

a 17th Century Portugese Priest in Japan

3

Political climate in Japan at time of novel

at height of fearful persecution of small Christian Community

4

What was clashing

The Japanese culture and the Western mode of religion

5

Is faith evident

Yes the men show faith in faith denying situations

6

Copyright Year

1969

7

Who was sent to Japan by the Society of Jesus from Portugal and was said to have apostatized, held high office of provincial and spent 33 years in Japan

Christovao Ferreria

8

Ferreria was also a theologian who secretly made his way to the Kamigata region to pursue what work

Apostolic work

9

From 1587 this regent reversing the policy of his predecessor initiated a frightful persecution of Christianity

Hideyoshi

10

26 priests and faithful were punished at Nishizaka in

Nagasaki

11

Christians in the country were....

evicted, tortured and put to death

12

How many priests ignored the decree of exile and secretly remained hiding in Japan and did not leave on boats

37 and Ferreira was one of them (continued to inform superiors of captures and punishments)

13

What year did Shogun Tokugawa pursue the same policy as Hideyoshi and order the expulsion of all missionaries from Japan to Manila and Macao

1614

14

5 religious apprehended for their faith in what year

1629 ...Bartholomew Gutierrez, Francisco de Jesus, Vicente de San Antonio of the Order of St. Augustine, Antonio Ishida SJ and Franciscan Gabriel de Santa Magdalena

15

Magistrate of Nagasaki who tried to make them apostatize and ridicule our holy faith

Takenaka Uneme

16

Tactics used to shake resolution

immersion in the hell of boiling water at Unzen

17

The five priests, a wife and a daughter refused to give up faith. Put in hut and shackled and bound. Shown the boiling water. Made naked and ladled water on them. How many were claimed to have apostatized?

Only one, Maria because her pain was so bad. She denied that she apostatized. The other 6 remained 33 days.

18

Define ignominy

1.disgrace and dishonor: a total loss of dignity and self-respect, or an incurring of public disgrace

19

define jeering

1.express derision vocally: to shout or laugh at somebody or something in a mocking or scornful way

20

define zenith

1.highest point: the high point or climax of something
2.point straight up: the point of the celestial sphere that is directly over the observer and 90 degrees from all points on that person's horizon
3.highest point of astronomical object: the highest point reached by an astronomical object

21

What was the result of the priests not apostatizing?

spread the doctrine, strengthened the faith, turned out contrary to the intentions of the tyrant (as per letter from FATHERR FERRERIA)

22

IN 1635, four priests gathered around Father Rubino in Rome to make their way to Japan in the throes of persecution in order to carry on an underground missionary apostolate and to also what?

Atone for the apostasy of Ferreira which had so wounded the honor of the Church.

23

3 other priests also hoped to enter Japan secretly - Portugese priests. Their reason was different. They were Ferreira's students and had studied under him at the ancient monastery of....

Campolide.

24

The three Portugese Priests were

Francisco Garrpe
Juan de Santa Marta
Sebastian Rodrigues

25

define ardent importunity

Importunity \Im`por*tu"ni*ty\, n.; pl. Importunities. [L.
importunitas unsuitableness, rudeness: cf. F.
importunit['e].]
The quality of being importunate; pressing or pertinacious
solicitation; urgent request; incessant or frequent
application; troublesome pertinacity.
[1913 Webster]

ardent
1. characterized by intense emotion;

26

Map the path to Japan

Portugal - Lisbon - Goa - India - Japan. INdia was a missionary gateway to the East. GOa had two seminaries.

27

new SHogun that had instituted a policy of repression even more cruel than his father or grandfather

Shogun Iemitsu

28

IN 1629, magistrate Takenaka Uneme had inflicted inhuman and atrocious sufferings. The number per day could be as high as

60 or 70

29

who was born in 1610, in the mining town of Tasco Portugal and entered the religious life at age 17 attended the seminary of Campolide an dwas taught by Ferreira

Sebastian Rodrigues

30

When did Fr. R ship leave India down the brown river Tagus and into the blue sea

3/25/1638

31

the ship encountered a storm where

off the west coast of africa

32

surviving the storm they reached this island on April 2nd

Porto Santo then on to Madeira

33

by 4/6 they arrived here and disease broke out on top of all their other problems

the canary islands

34

by 7/25 they left the canary islands and on the feast of st james rounded the cape of good hope and wind broke what

the ship's mast, the ship ran onto rock and other ships helped

35

Journey was so long that food and water were scarce they rached GOA on

10/9

36

WHile they were sailing 35,000 Christians caused an insurrection at

Shimabara. All were slain.

37

In reaction to the SHimabara insurrection, Japan did what

cut off trade realtions with Portugal

38

With trade relations strained, Fr. R was stuck where 5/1

at Macao

39

The base of Portugal operation in the Far East and also a base of trade for China and Japan

Macao

40

SJ superior founded Macao College for missionaries bound for China and Japan

Visitor Valiganano

41

All news from the underground priests came to an abrupt end in

1633

42

the new magistrate also known as Lord of Chikugo

Inoue

43

translate Pax Christi

Praised be Christ

44

which priest could no longer go with Fr. R because of possible malaria

Juan de Santa Marta

45

who opposed the journey to Japan

Father Valignano the college rector; the sea journey is only the 1st obstacle

46

SInce 1636 the Japanese government suspected that who was connectd with the Shimbara rebellion

the portugese

47

ANother problem at sea were the warships from what countries firing on trading ships

English and DUtch

48

Ferreira's fate was unknown because

his letters stopped abruptly

49

Terror for Christians

Inoue; architect of Christian persecution; more cunning than Takenaka FORMERLY BAPTIZED

50

former magistrate of Nagasaki who butchered Christians

Takenaka

51

words that arise in reading the apocolypse

honor and glory and power belong to god alone

52

where is macao

it is at the mouth of the great river Chu Kiang built on an island with no wall surrounding it

53

in macao what is the environment for missionary work

THE CHINESE HAVE NO INTEREST IN THE TEACHIN

54

who said that Japan was the country in the Orient most suited for Christianity

St. Francis Xavier

55

Japan forbid its ships to go to foreign lands so the monopoly for the silk trade fell to

Portugese merchants in Macao

56

29 years old, drunken, rags, fisherman from Hizen near Nagasaki, adrift at sea and grabbed by a Portugese ship

Kichijiro

57

What happened at Kurasaki villafe in Hizen

24 Christian punished by local daimo. Staked at the water's edge and after a week died

58

who decided to take a chance on Kichijiro offering him a way to get home since he had money,a ship and a captain

Garrpe

59

the ship almost did not cast off because it had a problem with what animal

white ants

60

the tour guides cunning comes from

weakness of character, works only when others watching, pleads pardon in an ugly way

61

Last supper: he who belives and is baptized will be saved he that does not will be

condemned.

62

The early church portrays Christ as a shepherd. WIth a short mantle and a small tunic hlding a lamb and clasping a staff. The eastern church pictures him with a

long nose, curly hair and a black beard.

63

define sepulchre

1. a chamber that is used as a grave;
[syn: burial chamber, sepulcher, sepulchre, sepulture]

64

when the left macao thay had 8 days of fine weather and then on 5/6 their first storm, they had to fix the sails and patch the rifts who did not help

the tour guide

65

the tour guide prayed to

Santa Maria

66

define obsequious

ADJECTIVE (2)

1. attempting to win favor from influential people by flattery;
[syn: bootlicking, fawning, obsequious, sycophantic, toadyish]

67

define fawning


intr.v. fawned, fawn·ing, fawns
1. To exhibit affection or attempt to please, as a dog does by wagging its tail, whining, or cringing.

2. To seek favor or attention by flattery and obsequious behavior.

68

they came to land and hid, had torches, called him padre, made sign of the cross, camt be seen by Gentiles, 6 years without a priest or brother but the faith was still alive; time to feed the seed. WHere was this first village

Tomogi

69

The young man who talked n arrival at tomogo was named

Mokichi

70

the old man who holds the highest post of authority in the village church is known as the

Jiisama

71

the group tasked with teaching Christians in the village

Tossama

72

the helpers in the village

Mideshi - all families/villages might be different

73

once in the village the priests offered

nightly mass like the catacombs, hid during the day and dug a cove under the hut just in case

74

what month rains every year

June and that is when officials relax vigilance

75

what anaogy did the priest use about the Japanese without a priest

a ship without a chart, abandoned,

76

what was tomogi like

poor farmers, grew potatoes and wheat in small fields, no rice fields

77

why is tomogi so open to faith

for its human warmth, the magistrate takes the revenue and gives nothing back

78

the Japanese have made up their own Christian lingo in the absence of a priest

conference (konshan) , heaven (parais), hell (inferno)

79

we hear a little missing diversity when Rodrigues says

they all look the same

80

some of the members of the town include

young Mokichi
Ichizo (50)
Omatsu (Ichizo's older sister)
Sen (Omatsu's niece0

81

how many visitors to hut a night

2 so as not to arise suspicion

82

how does the village hold prayer services and feast days

by interspersing prayer in normal celebration so if someone walks in it does not look out of the ordinary

83

what was the reward for turning in a priest

300 silver coins, 200 for a brother, 100 for a christian

84

the faces of these Christians were like

masks - no expression of sadness or joy

85

what made it hard to sleep at night

lice

86

which priest wants to split up and which thinks they should stay together

Fr. R says split up Fr. GArrpe says stay together

87

Kichijiro was a Christian who apostatized when

eight years ago when his whole family was betrayed by an informer, family refused to tread on - rest of family was burned at stake

88

name of 2nd village the priests vistited

Goto

89

in these villages of squalor he people eat live and die like

beasts

90

the people wanted something to revere. what did the priests give them

upon 1st sight their own crucifixes, later in village they broke apart rosary beads and gave each a stone - ANOTHER CONCERN ABOUT ERROR IN OUTLOOK

91

the wisdom of peasants is that they pretend they are

fools

92

life is of particular value when you are

accomplishing something.

93

Kichijro brags about his role in going to goto so that others

give him food and sake

94

culture of tomogi

sitting posture weird, thatched roves, filthy houses, diet of potatoes radishes and warm water

95

Shimbara rebellion was mostly a reaction to

the yearly tax being too high

96

Japanese social order

peasants, samurai(weapons,daggers,swords), landowners (can kill and confiscate)

97

hair styles

mostly bald with long braid down back

98

6/5 samurai come and take Jiisama what do they promise to do in 3 more days

come for another

99

father r prayed for

death to come soon, life with anguish about faith and god was melancholy, envied garrape

100

no man can completely escape

vanity fr. r noted while watching the interpreter

101

fr r rode through Nagasaki on a

donkey

102

fr r said that he could not love the people lined on the side of the road

the way Christ had loved

103

over the bay the column of clouds looked like a

castle in the sky

104

in the magistrate's office the cell reeked like urine and on the wall were the words

Laudate eum -- and he felt protected -- later finds out it was etched by fr f

105

on the journey to the cell his captives asked

where he was from, what society, how many more were in Maco, but never asked him to renounce his faith

106

was annoyed in his cell by what he thought was

snoring and he laughed that people could sleep while he suffered

107

what he thought was snoring was actually

moans from people in the pit and he realizes others are suffering more

108

who snuck in to see him in the cell

kichijiro

109

fr r still struggled with the bible story of

judas, why did Jesus reject Judas in the end; not given to man to understand

110

fr f says he did not apostatize because of pit

but rather was never in the pit but hung in a pit of foul excrement he apostatized for those pople whom GOd didn othing. Fr f prayed and god did nothing. Fr r prove that you are justice goodness and love

111

to quiet imagination fr r

banged is head on cell wall

112

fr f yelled at fr r

to not be so preoccupied with hispwn salvation! Save the people. If Christ were here... Painful act of love.Your church will judge you . your brethren will judge you. the christin bronze speaks - trample! expelled from mission, deprived rights of priest never see homeland again

113

hets ter ffest

dutch dictionary shelf for spirits of the dead. Japanese console the spirits who were supposed to return on the 15th day

114

what do they call fr f anf fr r

apostate Paul and APostate Peter

115

every day fr r had to come out of his home for inspection ny the

otona - a local representative of the magistrate

116

one of fr r's new jobs

was to identify Christina objects and he would receive rice cakes and money

117

fr r's new name

okada san'emon and had to take his wife

118

Japan believes that their salvation

is from the mercy of te Buddha wo people depend on in their hopeless weakness this differs from Christianity which proclaims that one must believe with all his might and strength of heart - Christianity is not what you take it to be.

119

we find out that there are still large contongents of Christians in

goto and Ikitsuki

120

the Japanese leaders wanted to kill Christianity at its

roots - if more came they would have to apprehend again if the root is cut the leaves die

121

how many more years did fr r live

30 and then buried at a temple

122

fr f said that Christianity in japan was like a butterfly

caught in a spider's web only external with a lost reality

123

Japanese can not comprehend anything that transcends

being human