Flashcards in Skin And Membranes Deck (11):
Name three types of serous membranes
Pleura: lines the pleural cavities and covers lungs
Peritoneum: lines peritoneal cavity and covers the organ surfaces
Pericardium: lines the pericardial cavity and covers the hearrt❤️❤️❤️
Name some serious serous membrane problems
Build up of serous fluid
Can compress blood vessels and nerves and restrict organ movement
Causes lower back pain, heartburn and indigestion.
A _________ membrane is skin that covers the external body surface
Stratified, squamous epithelium with a layer of areolar tissue below, supported by dense, irregular connective tissue.
What membrane produces synovial fluid which lubricates the articulating surfaces and moves into the cartilage providing oxygen and nutrients
Synovial membrane aha
What are the two major components of the integumentary system?
Cutaneous membrane and accessory structures.
_______ cells: the germinative cells which undergo mitosis to replace the continual loss of upper layer cells
What is the most common epithelial cell?
Keratinocytes are filled with keratin protein; flatten and die as they profess outwards. Outermost layer is 15-30 layers of dead keratinocytes tightly connected by desmosomes.
What are the pigment producing cells in the basal layer?
What are two types of sweat glands?
Apocrine: pubic and axillary regions and around nipples.
Through hair follicles
Merocrine: secrete onto skin surface
What glands secrete oilyness??