Sleep apnoea Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Sleep apnoea Deck (19):
1

What is sleep apnoea

Irregular breathing and abnormal snoring pattern during sleep that causes apnoea

2

Two types of apnoea

Obstructive and central

3

The most common type of apnoea

Obstructive

4

What is obstructive apnoea

Self explanatory, obstruction of the airways

5

What can cause obstructive sleep apnoea

Allergies, swollen adenoids/tonsils, underbite, obesity and hormonal changes at night causing muscles around trachea to relax.

6

What is central sleep apnoea

Sleep apnoea due to the CNS that causes no breathing for about 10-30 seconds.

7

What is the pathway for central sleep apnoea

Hyperpnoea (hyperventilating)-hypocapnia-apnoae-hypercapnia-hyperpnoea and this continues

8

Symptoms of sleep apnoea

Sleep deprivation, nocturia (urinate more during night), difficulty concentrating (fall asleep), headache, fatigue and loud snoring

9

Is sleep apnoea dangerous in itself

No but can lead to other potentially dangerous diseases

10

What are the other conditions sleep apnoea can cause

Arrhythmias, heart failure, respiratory failure, diabetes and cancer

11

How to diagnose

Sleep study where the number of episodes are monitored

12

What machine is sleep apnoea monitored with

Polysomnogram

13

What does a polysomnogram measure

Brain movement, O2 and CO2 concentration, vital signs, snoring and movement durinf sleep

14

Treatment (things to avoid)

Alcohol, sleeping pills and other depressants

15

Treatment (recommendation when sleeping)

Sleep on side

16

Treatment (machine)

Continuous positive airway pressure device (CPAP)

17

What does a CPAP machine do

Keeps airways open with pressure and is very effective

18

Treatment for obstructive only

Mouth piece and surgery (remove adenoids and/or realign jaw)

19

What is the complication with surgery

Makes symptoms worsen short term