SMAC Takeoff and Climb Procedures Flashcards Preview

EMB-175 Flight Ops Class > SMAC Takeoff and Climb Procedures > Flashcards

Flashcards in SMAC Takeoff and Climb Procedures Deck (24)
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1

Normal Takeoff

 

TAKEOFF FLAPS

Settings

 

  • Allowable takeoff flap settings are: 1,  2,  or 4.
  • Indicated in the Takeoff Analysis Report in Dispatch Release.

2

Normal Takeoff

 

TAKEOFF THRUST

  • A/T must be used for takeoff when operative
  • TOGA set BEFORE 60 kts
  • 'ENG TLA NOT TOGA' EICAS Msg: if TO Thrust is not set to TOGA detent by 60 kts.  If A/T not avail PM manually sets N1 targets. 
  • IF N1 TARGET CANNOT BE ATTAINED WITH THE THRUST LEVERS IN THE TOGA POSITION, THE TAKEOFF WILL BE DISCONTINUED.

3

Normal Takeoff

 

TAKEOFF ROLL

General

  • 3 techniques available
    • ​Rolling TO
    • Normal TO
    • Static TO
  • PIC has discretion
  • Setting 40% and engine stabilizing eliminates risk of asymmetric thrust

4

 

 

 

ROLLING TAKEOFF

 

 

Line up a/c on the runway, adjust thrust to 40% N1 WITHOUT applying brakes, when engines stabilized at 40% N1, advance thrust levers to TOGA

5

 

 

 

NORMAL TAKEOFF

 

 

Line up a/c on runway, APPLY BRAKES, adjust thrust to 40% N1, when stabilized, release brakes and advance thrust to TOGA.

6

 

 

 

STATIC TAKEOFF

 

 

Line up a/c on runway, APPLY BRAKES, adjust thrust to 40% N1, when stabilized, advance to TOGA and THEN RELEASE BRAKES when N1 targets are achieved.

7

 

 

 

ENGINE GROUND CONTACT BANK ANGLE ON TAKEOFF

 

 

During takeoff an engine will contact the ground

at approx 16 degrees bank angle.

8

 

 

STANDARD TAKEOFF PITCH ANGLES

 

  • FLAPS 1  -  PITCH 11 DEGREES
  • FLAPS 2  -  PITCH 10 DEGREES
  • FLAPS 4  -  PITCH 12 DEGREES

 

When TO uses an optimized V2, the proper pitch angle is determined automatically by the FMS (PERF>TAKEOFF> 3/3) and is commanded by the FD AFTER rotation.

9

 

 

TAKEOFF GROUND TAIL STRIKE PITCH ANGLE

 

 

Tail strike considerations at angles greater than 11.25 degrees nose up.

10

 

 

FD INITIAL CLIMB SPEED TARGET

All Engines

 

 

Pitch director will maintain a speed of (V2 + 10)  to (V2 + 20)

11

 

 

 

AFTER TAKEOFF MANEUVERING

VMC

 

Unless a lower or higher altitude is required by a published DP, turns may be commenced at a MINIMUM ALT of 400' AGL (VMC).  Turns after takeoff shall not be made below 400' except when necessary.

12

 

 

 

AFTER TAKEOFF MANEUVERING - IMC

 

 

In IMC, 1000' is the MINIMUM TURN ALTITUDE if a STANDARD ENGINE FAILURE PROCEDURE APPLIES, otherwise the minimum turn altitude is depicted in the assoceiated SIMPLE or COMPLEX procedure.

13

 

 

RNAV DP RULES

FD, AP and NAV Procedures

 

 

 

  • FD must be used for ALL RNAV SID's
  • the LATERAL deviation indicator and/or NAV MAP display, FD and/or AP in LATERAL NAV MODE (LNAV) - MUST BE USED.
  • FMS/NAV function MUST be selected and followed NO LATER THAN 500' HAA.
  • DO NOT SELECT 'BANK' mode except during Engine Failure procedure as it may not allow a/c to comply with departure turn radius/track.
  • ATC HEADING ASSIGNMENT: if it takes a/c off the procedure, DO NOT MODIFY the route in the RNAV system until a clearance is received to REJOIN or A NEW ROUTE CLEARANCE is received.

14

 

 

CLIMB THRUST SETTING REQUIREMENTS

 

A/T will automatically set climb thrust (CLB 1 or 2) when the following conditions occur?

 

  • Any change in the VERTICAL mode detected
  • the airplane ABOVE 400' AGL
  • Both engines running
  • Landing Gear RETRACTED

 

Select CLB-1 for flights LONGER THAN 1 HOUR. (If A/T are inop, climb thrust must be manually set at FRA).

CLB-1 is INHIBITED if the TAKEOFF THRUST selected is LOWER than CLB-1 Thrust.

15

 

 

FLAP/SLAT RETRACTION AND CLIMB ALTITUDE

 

 

FRA is 1000' ABOVE Airport Elevation OR as specified in the Takeoff Report.

 

  • F-BUG: Marks the optimum speed for retracting the flaps to the next position.

16

 

 

NORMAL CLIMB PROFILE (US)

PROFILE:

  • Begins at FRA.
  • 210 kts till 2,500' AGL
  • 250 kts from 2,500' AGL to 10,000' MSL

DESCRIPTION:

  • 210 kts (suitable CLB gradient while allowing speed to increase for flap retraction)

17

 

 

CLIMB SPEEDS

 

  • Maximum ANGLE of Climb Speed.
  • Maximum RATE of Climb Speed.
  • Turbulence Climb Speed.

 

  • Max ANGLE of Climb Speed: VFS
  • Max RATE of Climb Speed: VFS + 50 kts
  • Turbulence Climb Speed: VFS + 50 kts (to clear low altitude turbulence)

18

 

 

 

DEPARTURE DIRECTION VS TO CLIMB SPEED

 

 

If the TAKEOFF heading offset from the ROUTE track is GREATER than 120 degrees climb at 210 kts UNTIL reaching a heading w/in 30 degrees from the desired track.

19

 

 

FMS VNAV CLIMB KEY POINTS

  • FMS must be selected NAV source and LNAV must be engaged for VNAV crossing restrictions.
  • VNAV - defines constant climb path
  • Climbs are flown in VFLCH (FLCH Magenta) ONLY.
  • VNAV will NEVER fly through altitude pre-selector (as long as not changed in ASEL mode)
  • VTA (Vertical Track Alert) is issued 30-60 seconds BEFORE the FMS commands a climb OR 1,000' BEFORE the level-off altitude
  • VPTH Angles:  1 - 6 degrees.
  • FD will maintain VPATH (PTH Magenta) guidance UNTIL a reversionary protection mode is triggered.
  • if in MAN, flight crew responsible for speed - recommend setting airspeed equal to FMS speeds.

20

 

 

Noise Abatement DP (NADP)

NADP A  or NADP  1

NADP A (or 1) is a CLOSE IN Takeoff.  Normal Takeoff EXCEPT:

  • Fly MANUALLY
  • CLIMB:  (V+ 10)  to  (V2 + 20) till 1,500' AFE
  • @ 1,500' AFE:   Set (V+ 10)  to  (V2 + 20) on SPEED selector knob and select FLCH (also shows VNAV opt)
  • SPEED: maintain  (V+ 10)  to  (V2 + 20) till 3,000' AFE  OR Top of Noise Abatement Area.
  • @ 3,000' AFE (or Top of NAA):  SPEED Selector knob - AS REQ and RETRACT FLAPS on schedule.

if engine failure occurs, this procedure should be terminated.

21

 

 

Noise Abatement DP (NADP)

NADP B  or NADP  2

NADP B (or 2) is a DISTANT Takeoff.  Normal Takeoff EXCEPT:

  • Fly MANUALLY
  • CLIMB:  (V+ 10)  to  (V2 + 20) till 1,000' AFE
  • @ 1,000' AFE:   Set (VFS + 10) on SPEED selector knob, select FLCH
  • ACCELERATE: to  (VFS + 10)  and RETRACT FLAPS on schedule.
  • SPEED: maintain  (VFS + 10) till 3,000' AFE  OR Top of Noise Abatement Area.
  • @ 3,000' AFE (or Top of NAA):  SPEED Selector knob - AS REQ

if engine failure occurs, this procedure should be terminated.

22

 

 

FMS SPEED MODES DURING NADP's

 

  • SPEED LIMITS  NADP 1/A AND 2/B
  • AGL LIMITS  NADP 1/A AND 2/B
  • NM LIMITS  NADP 1/A AND 2/B

SPEED LIMITS:

  • NADP 1/A:  V+ 10
  • NADP 2/B: VFS + 10

AGL LIMITS:

  • NADP 1/A: 3000' AFE
  • NADP 2/B: 3000' AFE

NM LIMITS:

  • NADP 1/A: 15 NM
  • NADP 2/B: 15 NM

23

 

 

ENGINE FAILURE ON TAKEOFF (SMAC)

PROCEDURE SAME AS NORMAL TAKEOFF EXCEPT:

PF:

  • PITCH: to V
    • (may need 5 degree bank into operating engine and 1/2 to 1/4 skid indicator off center - AVOID spoiler extension w/large aileron inputs which degrade engine out performance)
  • CLEAN UP: at positive rate
  • 400' HAA: "HDG / BANK" (follow turns after takeoff rules)
  • CLIMB:  V2    To  FRA
  • 1000' HAA (FRA): " FLCH SPEED VFS "  - AP as desired - RETRACT FLAPS/SLATS on schedule (using FLCH - which commands an accelerating climb (SPDE)
  • 2,500' HAA: After cleanup   "CON, BANK and Appropriate Checklist" 
  • CLIMB: at VFS to a safe altitude

PM:

  • PM: check ATTCS has commanded GA RSV thrust (RSV - 5 min limit)
  • Notify ATC
  • Flow

24

 

 

 

REJECTED TAKEOFF PROCEDURES

When Abort Decision Has Been Made:

PIC:

  • STATE: 'ABORT' OR 'ABORT, I HAVE THE AIRPLANE' (if FO flying)
  • MAX BRAKES (push brakes to the floor - let anti-skid do its job)
  • THRUST - IDLE
  • THEN:
    • ​VERIFY: GND SPOILERS fully extended
    • APPLY MAX REVERSE (MIN REV @60 kts and CLOSED @ 30 kts)
    • MAX braking till stop
    • Advise tower
    • Taxi Clear of runway
    • Appropriate Checklist
    • Observe Brake Cooling procedures - consider parking in remote area
    • If FIRE: Consider positiong the airplane so the fire is on the DOWNWIND side