Flashcards in Social Action Theory Deck (14):
what do social action theorists believe?
the best approach to an understanding of society is through studying small groups.
what does Weber argue?
we should avoid generalising theories because peoples behaviour is not determined by general laws.
Structural theories emphasise what?
how people are influenced by major structural forces like social class, economy, law.
Who is the structural approaches adapted by?
feminists, Marxists, functionalists
What do those who adapt the social structures believe?
that studying major groups or strata in society can explain experiences of individuals.
what did webers approach lead to?
A view called methodological individualism
focuses on how people actively engage in social interaction. structures do not determine our behaviour.
What is Weber critical of?
Marx and believes that it is individuals that shape the development of society, not the opposite,
Weber argued that social interaction works on two levels. What are they?
1. level of cause - objective structural factors
2. level of meaning- subjective structural factors
Actions can be categorised on levels. name them.
rational goal orientated action
rational value orientated action
explanation for traditional action
action carried out by custom or habit
explanation for rational value orientated action
action led by overriding ideal or action. commited to religious belief.
explanation for rational goal orientated
calculate likely results of behaviour in relation to a goal.
explanation of affectual/affective action
action influenced by an emotional state