social learning theory Flashcards Preview

psychology mock 22.1.18 > social learning theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in social learning theory Deck (10):
1

Assumptions

└way of explaining behaviour that includes both direct and indirect reinforcement- learning theory+ cognitive factors
└Albert Bandura
└learn through observation and imitation

2

Vicarious reinforcement

└indirect reinforcement- observing someone else being reinforced for behaviour
└ can lead to imitation

3

Meditational processes

└cognitive factors that influence learning and come between a stimulus and response
└1) attention
└the extent to which we notice certain behaviours
└2) retention
└how well behaviour is remembered
└3) motor reproduction
└the ability of the observer to perform the behaviour
└4) motivation
└the will to perform the behaviour- if punished/rewarded
└learning and performance don’t have to be together unlike traditional behaviourism

4

Bobo doll study

└bandura et al (1961)
└children saw adult be aggressive to doll
└=they more aggressive to doll
└children saw adult be non-aggressive to doll
└=they less aggressive to doll
└shows modelling/imitation
└bandura and walters (1963)
└children most to least aggressive:
└adult aggression to doll- praised
└adult aggression to doll- nothing
└adult aggression to doll- punished

5

Imitation

└copying the behaviour of others

6

Identification

└observer associated themselves with role model- wants to be like them

7

Modelling

└imitating behaviour of role model

8

Strengths

Explains cultural differences in behaviour
└explains how children lean form others/media
└cultural norms- e.g. gender norm

9

Limitations

Over reliance on lab studies
└lab studies= demand characteristics
└e.g. in bobo doll study, bobo doll made to hit

Underestimates biological factors
└e.g. bobo doll study
└boys more aggressive than girls
└hormonal factors- more testosterone

10

points

vicarious reinforcement
Meditational processes
Bobo doll study
Imitation Identification Modelling