Social Policies Flashcards Preview

HISTORY - Castro's Policies and Their Impact > Social Policies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Social Policies Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

In ____, the government described __________ as incompatible with the revolution - gay men and lesbians were expelled from the _________

1971
same-sex relationships
communist party

2

_______, president of the ___, challenged prejudices against gay men and lesbians and formed a section to support the concerns of lesbians.

Vilma Espín
FMC

3

Reforms including ___________ in 2008 and ______________ in 2010. However there is no recognition of same-sex marriage or civil partnerships or unions.

free hormone therapy
free state gender reassignment surgery

4

LGBT organizations and publications are _____, as are ______ marches. However, Castro urged _______ of same-sex relationships, describing these as a ‘_______ and tendency of ________.’

banned
gay pride
acceptance
natural aspect
human beings

5

The ________ forcibly recruited gay men into _________. These ________ were mainly for men who ______ to do military service, or for men who were ____ for service.

Revolutionary Armed Forces
work battalions
labour camps
refused
unfit

7

By the late 1990s, only _____ out of _______ regularly attended Sunday Mass.

150,000
11 million Cubans

8

In 1961, the ‘_______’ began, and the government took over all private and _______.

Year of Education
Church schools

9

Over _______ volunteer student teachers, recruited into _____, took part - most were _____. They were the target of ________ counter-revolutionaries, and more than ___ were killed in these terror attacks.

100,000
brigades
teenagers
US-sponsored
40

10

Volunteer teachers taught over ______ to read and write - thus allowing the fulfillment of Castro’s promise. More than ______ schools were built in the first year, and over ______ children attended school.

1 million
3,000
300,000

11

In 1959, the ‘_________’ speech, calling for a campaign against _______ against black Cubans.

Proclamation against discrimination
racial discrimination

12

By 1979, only __ of the _______ were black; there were only ___ black members of the ________ of the PCC; only __ of the ____ members of its central committee were black.

5
34 ministers
four
fourteen-strong politburo
16
146

13

Before 1959, only ___ of rural inhabitants had running water, and only __ of household had electricity.

15%
9%

14

From 1949-1959, about ______ housing units were built each year. In the 1960s, this dropped to ____ units per year.

27,000
16,000

15

By ____, the _________ had fallen to ________, while in 1959 and onwards ______ had been greatly reduced.

1981
infant mortality rate
18.5 per 1,000
diseases

16

Rich people received better health care than the poor. Journalists were controlled by the government. Policies successful in improving living standards

J

17

In 1960, all the ______ came under government control; the only avenue for ____ was via the letter to the ______.

‘Within the revolution, everything; against the revolution, nothing’ - Castro

mass media
criticism
editor pages

18

Women dominated the ______ and ______. What percent of university students were women?

humanities
education
60