Agriculture and Industry 1959-68 success Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Agriculture and Industry 1959-68 success Deck (12)
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1

In _______, a minimum wage was introduced for _______ and, in ______, Castro announced details of his plans for land reform in the ________. Landless plantation workers were given _____ of farmland.

march 1959
sugar-cane cutters
May 1959
Agrarian Reform Act
67 acres

2

In ______, the USA decided to destroy the Cuban ______ by cutting the sugar quota normally purchased by the USA.

Castro replied to this, “They will take away our sugar quota ______, and we will take away their sugar mills _______.”

July 1960
sugar industry
pound by pound
one by one

3

In august 1960, castro ______ all major ______ on the island; in November, the US announced a ____ on all exports.

nationalized
US properties
ban

4

The _______ agreed to purchase Cuban ____ at the favorable rate of ________ until 1970.

Soviet Union
sugar
6 cents per pound

5

Before the ______ of ____, unemployment had been high, especially in ______ - but the new government’s policies quickly ______ this.

Revolution
1959
rural areas
reduced

6

After 1959, the wages of ________ rose sharply and rents for the cheaper _______ were reduced by up to __. In ______, several utility companies were taken over and prices _____.

non-agricultural workers
urban dwellings
50%
March 1959
reduced

7

In April 1960, _______ of Soviet ______ were delivered to cuba. When the _______ oil refineries refused to process it, Castro ______ them in _____.

300,000 tones
crude oil
foreign-owned
nationalized
June 1960

8

Castro believed that a more ______ approach via a ________ was seen as the quickest way to ensure _________.

centralized
command economy
economic growth

9

“The aggression of _______ [has] accelerated the ___________.”

Castro’s response to the gradual introduction of socialism.

Historian?

imperialism
revolutionary process

Balfour

10

By the end of 1960:
____% of industry was under _______.

______ were producing ___% of _____.

80% state control
State enterprises; 90%; cubas exports

11

The early years were ______ for agriculture, as the ______ signed a series of agreements that guaranteed better and stable prices for sugar; sugar production then increased from the ____ level of ________.

successful
Soviet Union
1963
3.8 million tonnes

12

However, in ____ the Cuban economy ______. In _____, the economy declined even further as imports of _____ for rapid _______ resulted in a balance of payments crisis.

1962
collapsed
1963
machinery
industrialisation