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Flashcards in Social Psychology Studies Deck (10)
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1

Social facilitation and inhibition?

Triplett; Zajonc

2

Self fulfilling prophecies?

Rosenthal and Jacobson (1968)

3

Who defined the two systems of thinking?
Fast, instinctual and emotional. As well as Slower, more deliberate and logical.

Kahneman (2011)

4

Who described the idea of the motivated tactician?
(People are flexible thinkers, choosing between cognitive strategies depending on motives and needs)?

Kruglanski (1996)

5

What did Macrae, Hewstone and Griffifths (1993) find?

Conditions that promote heuristic use include time constraints, cognitive overload, low importance and lack of information regarding the issue.

6

Who researched the anchoring and adjustment tendencies of children using a jar of sweets?

Smith (1999)

7

What was the method of Smith (1999)?

Children asked to estimate number of sweets in a jar, given either a low base number or a high base number, was found that children made estimates closer to the base number they were given.

8

What phenomenon of the availability heuristic is researched by Kunda (1999)?

Perseverance of refuted beliefs

9

Who researched the conjunction fallacy?

Tverski and Khaneman (1983)

10

What was the method of Tverski and Kahneman (1983)?

A description of “Linda” given, suggesting she is a feminist, participants asked “bank teller, BT + Feminist”, participants choose BT + F despite the fact that the probability of her being just a bank teller is more likely, yet because she presents as a typical feminist, that situation is judged as less likely.