Flashcards in Social Studies Deck (26):
He went on to become a Supreme Court justice, and Jack Greenberg led tax he courtroom battles against segregation.
Brown vs Board of Education
In the early 1950s, five school segregation cases from Delaware, Kansas, South Carolina, Virginia, and Washington, D.C., came together under the title of Brown vs Board of Education
Little Rock Nine
It allowed nine outstanding black students to attend Central High School. These student became known as the Little Rock Nine.
On December 1, 1955, a seamstress and NAACP worker named Rosa Parks boarded a bus and sat in the front row of the section reserved for black passengers. When the bus became full, the driver told Parks and three others to give their seats up to white passengers. Parks refused. The bus driver called the police, and Parks was taken to jail.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
In the Montgomery bus boycott, thousands of African Americans stopped riding buses.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr
To lead the MIA, African American leaders turned to Martin Luther King Jr., a young Baptist minister.
A demonstration in which protesters sit down and refuse to leave.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Commitee
To continue the struggle protests formed the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) in the spring of 1960.
John F. Kennedy
When John F. Kennedy won the election of 1960, he became the youngest person ever elected president of the Untied States.
To accomplish this, CORE organized a series of protests called Freedom Rides, in which black and white bus riders traveled together to segregated bus stations in the South.
March on Washington
A massive demonstration for civil rights.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was quickly sworn in as a president.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
The act banned segregation in public places. It also outlawed discrimination in the workplace on the basis of color, gender, religion, or national origin.
Voting Rights Act of 1965
Congress approved the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which Johnson signed into law in August. This law gave federal government new powers to protect African Americans’ voting rights.
President Johnson saw this as a vote of approved for his program of domestic reforms that he called the Great Society.
Black Power movement, which called for African American independence.
Malcom X helped inspire the Black Power movement.
Cesar Chavez was one of many Hispanic Americans who worked to improve conditions.
United Farm Workers
This union was committed to the goal of better pay and working conditions for migrant farmworkers—those who move seasonally from farm to farm from work.
Betty Friedan described the dissatisfaction some women felt their traditional roles of wife, mother, and homemaker.
National Organization for Women
To fight equal educational and career opportunities for women.
In 1968 Shirley Chisholm was elected to represent a New York City district in the House of Representatives.
Equal Rights Amendment
The (ERA) would outlaw all discrimination based on sex.
A conservative activist founded the group STOP ERA to prevent its ratification.
American Indian Movement
Founded in 1968 to fight for all Native Americans’ rights.