Sociology Glossary Flashcards Preview

Commonwealth 2nd Quarter > Sociology Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sociology Glossary Deck (50):
1

Adaptive funeral rite

a funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved; one, which has been altered to suit the trends of the times.

2

Blended family

a household or family unit created by one male and one female and the children from their previous marriages and may include children from the present marriage.

3

Bureaucratization

the creation of a system which governs through departments and subdivisions managed by sets of officials following an inflexible routine

4

Ceremony (ritual)

an instrumental action dealing with death, that is also expressional and that may or may not be charged with symbolic content expressing, among other things, the attitudes of the participants and possible onlookers (passive participants) who may be regarded as co-beneficiaries.

5

Class

a social grouping in which members possess roughly equivalent culturally valued attributes

6

Cohabitants

two unrelated adults of the opposite sex sharing the same living quarters

7

Contemporary

living or happening in the same period

8

Cultural relativism

the emotional attitude that all cultures are equal and pertinent

9

Cultural universal

like abstract patterns of and for living and dying, which are identifiable in all cultures

10

Culture

consists of abstract patterns (the rules, ideas, beliefs shared by members of society) of and for living and dying, which are learned directly or indirectly.

11

Customs

social behavior as dictated by the tradition of the people

12

Demographic

pertaining to demography; the science of vital statistics, or of births, deaths, marriages, ect. of populations

13

Egalitarian

male and female have equal rights, duties, and governing power

14

Enculturation (socialization)

the method by which the social values are internalized (learned)

15

Ethnic

any of the basic divisions or groups of humankind distinguished by customs, characteristics and languages, rather than physical characteristics of race.

16

Ethnocentrism

the emotional attitude that one's own race, nation, group, or culture is superior to all others

17

Extended (joint) family

a household or family unit consisting of father and mother, all their children (except married daughters), their son's wives and children (except married daughters)

18

Folkways

behaviors which are construed as somewhat less compulsive than mores of the same society and do not call for a strong reaction from the society if violated

19

Funeral

rites with the body present

20

Funeral rite

an all-inclusive term used to encompass all funerals and/or memorial services

21

Funeralization

a process involving all activities associated with final disposition

22

Humanistic funeral rite

a funeral rite that is in essence devoid of religious connotation.

23

Immediate disposition

any disposition of a human remains, which is completely devoid of any form of funeral rite at the time of disposition

24

Industrialization

individual crafting of products is replaced by manufacture of goods utilizing mass production techniques

25

Law

a must behavior not necessarily a basic or important pattern of a people (related to death) but one which is enforced by those governing; a fule of action prescribed by an authority able to enforce its will.

26

Matriarchal

the mother rules the family; a woman holding a position analogous to that of a patriarch

27

Memorial service

funeral rites with the body not present

28

Mobility

the state or quality of being mobile; the ability to move from place to place readily, or to move from class to class, either up or down

29

Modern

of or characteristic of the present or recent times, not ancient, often used to designate certain contemporary tendencies

30

Modified extended family

a household or family unit created by related nuclear families and/or friendships

31

Mores

must-behavior; the basic and important patterns of ideas and acts of a people as related to treatment of the dead, which calls for a strong reaction from the society if violated

32

Neo-localism

the tendency of offspring to move away from the area in which they were born

33

Non-traditional funeral rite

a funeral rite that deviates from the normal or prescribed circumstances of established custom

34

Nuclear family

a household or family unit consisting of one man and one woman married to each other and their children, if any

35

Patriarchal

the father rules the family; power is passed to the oldest male child

36

Religion

a culturally entrenched pattern of behavior made up of 1. sacred beliefs 2. emotional feelings accompanying the beliefs and 3. overt conduct presumably implementing the beliefs and feelings

37

Rites of passage

ceremonies centering around transition in life from one status to another (ex. Baptism, marriage and the funeral)

38

Ritual

ceremony

39

Rules

specified methods of precedure

40

Single parent family

a household or family unit consisting of one adult, either male or female, and his/her children

41

Social function

an event that allows those who have something in common with each other to deal with one another in regard to that which they share

42

Social stratification

categorization of people by money, prestige and power; a ranking of social status (position) in groups such as upper, middle and lower class

43

Socialization

enculturation

44

Society

a group of persons forming a single community with some interests in common

45

Sociology

the science of social groups; the processes that tend to maintain or change these forms of organizations and the relations between groups and individuals

46

Subculture

a division, or smaller identifiable unit of culture, connected to that culture by common trains, having unique traits to itself

47

Symbols

things to which socially created meaning is given

48

Taboos

must behavior that dictates the individual must abstain from certain acts dealing with death

49

Traditional funeral rite

a funeral rite that follows a prescribed ritual or ceremony that may be dictated either by religious belief or social custom

50

Urbanization

the change from rural to urban in character