Flashcards in socwrk Quizzam #1 Deck (70)
What is discrimination?
The act of treating people differently based on the fact that they belong to some group rather than on merit.
What is oppression?
It involves putting extreme limitations and constraints on some person, group, or larger system.
What is marginalization?
The condition of having less power and being viewed as less important than others in the society because of belonging to some group or having some characteristic (e.g., racial, economic, ethnic, or political).
What is alienation?
It's related to marginalization; it's the feeling that you don't fit in or aren't treated as well as others in the mainstream of society.
What is a stereotype?
A fixed mental picture of a member of some specified group based on some attribute or attributes that reflect an overly simplified view of that group, without consideration or appreciation of individual differences.
What is prejudice?
A negative opinion or prejudgment about an individual, group, or issue that is not based on fact.
What are populations at risk?
People at greater risk of deprivation and unfair treatment because they share some identifiable characteristic that places them in a diverse group.
Describe social justice.
It involves the idea that in a perfect world all citizens would have identical "rights, protection, opportunities, obligations, and social benefits," regardless of their backgrounds and membership in diverse groups.
Describe economic justice.
It concerns the distribution of resources in a fair and equitable manner.
It is the "process of increasing personal, interpersonal, or political power so that individuals can take action to improve their life situations".
It means increasing, emphasizing, developing, and nurturing strengths and positive attributes.
It aims at enhancing individuals', groups', families', and communities' power and control over their destinies.
What are the 5 primary underlying principles of the strengths perspective?
1. "Every individual, group, family and community has strengths."
2. "Trauma and abuse, illness and struggle may be injurious but they may also be sources of challenge and opportunity."
3. Social workers should assume that they "do not know the upper limits of the capacity to grow and change and take individual, group, and community aspirations seriously."
4. Social workers best serve clients by collaborating with them."
5. "Every environment is full of resources."
What is resiliency?
The ability of an individual, family, group, community, or organization to recover from adversity and resume functioning even when suffering serious trouble, confusion, or hardship.
Describe age as a dimension of diversity.
Age is some period of time during a person's life span.
It's often considered an important aspect of human diversity for older adults as they experience ageism: discrimination based on preconceived notions about older people regardless of their individual qualities and capabilities.
Describe (social) class as a dimension of diversity.
People's status or ranking in society with respect to such standards as "relative wealth, power, prestige, educational level, or family background".
Describe culture as a dimension of diversity.
"A way of life including widespread values (about what's good and bad), beliefs (about what's true), and behavior (what people do every day)".
It involves "the sum total of life patterns passed on from generation to generation within a group of people and includes institutions, language, religious ideals, habits of thinking, artistic expressions, and patterns of social and interpersonal relationships".
Aspects of culture are often related to people's ethnic, racial, and spiritual heritage.
Describe disability as a dimension of diversity.
"Any physical or mental impairment [or ongoing health or mental health condition] that substantially limits one or more major life activities"; these activities include "seeing, hearing, speaking, walking, breathing, performing manual tasks, learning, caring for oneself, and working".
Describe ability as a dimension of diversity.
Ability is the capacity to perform and get things done in various activities.
What is ethnicity?
The affiliation with a large group of people who have "common racial, national, tribal, religious, linguistic, or cultural origin or background".
Describe gender as a dimension of diversity.
"The social and psychological characteristics associated with being female or male".
Describe gender expression as a dimension of diversity.
The manner in which we express ourselves to others in ways related to gender that include both behavior and personality.
Describe gender identity as a dimension of diversity.
A person's internal psychological self-concept of being either a male or a female, or, possibly, some combination of both.
What are minorities?
Members of "a group of people who, because of physical or cultural characteristics, are singled out from the others in the society in which they live for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination."
What is the difference between race and ethnicity?
Race implies a greater genetic determinant, whereas ethnicity often relates to cultural or national heritage.
Explain the concept of intersectionality.
It involves the idea that people are complex and can belong to multiple, over-lapping diverse groups.
It "acknowledges the breadth of human experiences, instead of conceptualizing social relations and identities separately in terms of either race or class or gender or age or sexual orientation."
In other words, people may experience injustice from a combination of reasons.
Describe tribal sovereign status as a dimension of diversity.
The right of federally recognized American Indian tribes to govern themselves, identify their members, oversee their lands, and conduct tribal operations.
Describe sexual orientation as a dimension of diversity.
Sexual and romantic attraction to persons of one or both genders.
Describe sex as a dimension of diversity.
"The biological distinction between being female and being male, usually categorized on the basis of the reproductive organs and genetic makeup".
Describe religion/spirituality as dimension of diversity.
People's spiritual beliefs concerning the origin, character, and reason for being, usually based on the existence of some higher power or powers, that often involves designated rituals and provides direction for what is considered moral or right.
What is race?
The category of people who share a common descent and genetic origin that may be distinguished by "certain physical traits," or "interests, habits, or characteristics".