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Flashcards in Sonnets/Renaissance Concepts Deck (59)
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The great chain of being?

God>9 orders of angels>man>beast>plants>stones

1

Caritas?

The love of God and any person or thing as a creature of God
*unselfish love

2

Cupiditas?

Love or any person or thing to satisfy ones own selfish desires; love motivated by pride and therefore false love

3

Pride?

The sin from which all other sims grow
Making oneself most important rather than God

4

Mutability?

The idea that nothing of or on this earth will last; everything changes. One should not put hope in the things of world but in God

5

Use/Abuse

All that man possesses, including life, is a gift from God. Man can choose to use those gifts wisely or abuse them
(To enhance ones own pride)

6

Reason vs Passion

Reason is the ability to think clearly and choose on basis of ones thoughts.
Man was created as a reasonable creature but when passions take over, humans behave irrationally like animals

7

Art as a Mirror?

One function of a work of art is to reveal something to the world. It can mirror beauty or unattractive aspects of the world

8

Wasting time?

Life on earth is short and it is the time after life that matters, so time on earth should NOT be wasted on frivolous pursuits or temporary pleasures

9

Rhetorical questions?

Questions intended to make one think about his or her own behavior

10

Petrarchan sonnet?

Consists of an OCTAVE that tells a story. Introduces a situation or raises a question & a SESTET that comments on story, situation, or ?
ABBA ABBA CDE CDE

11

English sonnet?

3 quatrains and a couplet

12

Spencerian sonnet rhyme scheme

ABAB BCBC CDCD EE

13

Shakespearean rhyme scheme

ABAB CDCD EFEF GG

14

Conceit?

Figure of speech in which two vastly different objects are likened together with the help of similes and metaphors
(Love to a baited fish hook)

15

Turn?

"Volta" change in subject matter...shift in thought/mood. New idea introduced

16

Paradox?

A statement that seems contrary to common sense yet may be true
(Foul is fair; Foul is fair)

17

Allusion?

Brief & indirect reference to a person, place, thing, or idea of historical, cultural, literary, or political significance

18

Complaint?

Poem that laments/protests unrequited love or tells of melancholy misfortune, misery, or injustice

19

What is the message of the poem "Song" by John Donne? How is a turn represented in this poem?

It is impossible to find a woman who is true and fair.

The turn is demonstrated when the speaker goes from wanting a good/fair woman to deciding that he doesn't. (Yet do not, I would not go,"

20

In "Song" ...many hyperboles are used. What is the speaker trying to accomplish or get the listener to understand?

The impossible

21

How is mutability shown in Song?

Even though a woman may seem fair, she will change and break your heart. Nothing on earth lasts. Not even love.

22

How is Art as a Mirror shown in Song?

Reveals truth about women.
Women seem kindhearted and good but will fool you

23

How is Wasting Time shown in Song?

Life is too short to waste time searching for a woman who will not hurt you because she doesn't exist

24

Who is the speaker in the Song most likely talking to? Why does the speaker have this opinion on women?

Advice to son or someone of less romantic experience
Make version of Taylor Swift: applied revenge to broad spectrum of women because his heart has prob been broken

25

What is the message of "On My First Son" by Ben Jonson?

People should not mourn death of loved ones bc life on earth is temporary. To be reunited with God is ultimate goal

26

The world is personified as wrathful in "On My First Son." Why?

To make world seem menacing and less like home. Mans true home is in heaven

27

What does the speaker compare his son to in "On My First Son"?

Poem
True work of art

28

Fate is personified in "On My First Son." In what way? Why?

Fate is taking son away.
He says this to show how he doesn't want to give his son back although fate demands him to.

29

How is Pride demonstrated in "On My First Son"?

Recognized own sin of wanting his son to be with him and not God...going against God's plan. To put self before God is pride