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Flashcards in The Renaissance Deck (52)
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0

In what years did the Renaissance begin and end?

1485-1660

1

What is the Renaissance?

A French word meaning "rebirth"
Refers to renewed interest in writings of Ancient Greece and Rome

2

Where was the new energy and creativity that marked the Renaissance first observed?

Italy

3

What religion were most people in Europe and Britain at the beginning of the Renaissance period?

Roman Catholic

4

What did the Church finance? And what were the 3 major areas of advancement?

Intellectual and artistic endeavors
Art, Literature, and Technology

5

Who is Johannes Gutenberg?

German inventor of printing with movable type.
He completed the 1st book

6

When/where was the 1st book printed and what was it?

Latin Bible in Mainz, Germany
1455

7

Who was William Caxton?

A merchant, diplomat, and writer living in Low Countries...
Set up a printing press in Westminster(100 different titles)

8

What was Humanism?

An intellectual movement that used the Latin and Greek classics, combined with traditional Christian thought, to teach people how to LIVE and RULE

9

Best known humanist?

Desiderius Erasmus

10

Who was Desiderius Erasmus?

Dutch monk who lived outside of monastery and loved to travel and visit many countries in Europe

On trips to England, taught Greek at Cambridge Univ. and became friendly with important people like Thomas Mor

11

Who was Thomas Morr?

Young lawyer who wrote poems, pamphlets, bibliographies, and his famous treatise on human society—Utopia

He held office, rose to top of profession, was knighted, and as lord chancellor, became one of king's chief ministers

12

Why did they write in Latin?

For educated people

13

Common interests of Desiderius Erasmus and Thomas Morr?

Loved LIFE, LAUGHTER, & CLASSICAL LEARNING
Dedicated to the Church
Wrote in Latin
Disappointed in corrupt church practices

14

The Reformation?

Resented the financial burden imposed by the Vatican

15

Reasons for the Reformation?

Strong feelings of PATRIOTISM
Focus on own country

16

Martin Luther?

Monk who founded new kind of Christianity based on personal understanding of Bible and NOT on what POPE said

17

Who killed Uncle Richard III at Boswell Field?

Henry VII

18

Describe Henry VII

Shrewd, tough, cold, sly

19

What did Henry VII do?

Restored peace and order to kingdom
United houses of Lancasters and Yorks by marrying the daughter of Edward IV

20

What monarch marked beginning of Protestantism in England?

Henry VIII

21

What did the pope refuse to do for Henry VIII?

Annul marriage to Catherine of Aragon

22

What 2 laws did Henry VIII pass?

1.) The pope has no authority in England
2.) the Church of England is separate from Roman Catholic Church...king is supreme head of Anglican Church

23

Who did Henry 8th have executed?

Thomas Morr and several others who refuse to recognize him as head of church

24

Henry's 6 wives?

Catherine of Aragon
Anne Boleyn
Jane Seymour
Anne of Claves
Catherine Howard
Catherine Parr

25

What was different about Jane Seymour?

She gave birth to a son...
Died 12 days later though

26

What was Henry 8th's contribution?

Created ROYAL NAVY

27

Purpose of ROYAL NAVY?

Stopped foreign invasions
Spread England's political power, language, and literature

28

Who was Edward VI?

Son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
-crowned at age 9 but ruled in name only
DIED OF TUBERCULOSIS AT AGE 16

29

What was Mary Tudor's nickname and why?

Bloody Mary
Ruthlessly hunted down Protestants and had over 300 burned at stake