South america Flashcards Preview

2019 MS Alexis Iaconis > South america > Flashcards

Flashcards in South america Deck (36)
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1
Q

What are the most planted grapes in Brazil?

A

American grapes are 3/4 of all plantings. Isabella, Bordo and Niagara are the most planted. Vitis vinifera is mostly in the south, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul.

2
Q

Where is the bulk of the production located in Brazil?

A

Serra Gaucha has 60% of the wine production. Italian immigrants settled here in the 1870s. There are actually 600 wineries here.

3
Q

What number in production is Brazil compared with the rest of the Southern Hemisphere?

A

5

4
Q

What is the northernmost wine region in Brazil?

A

Sao Francisco Valley

5
Q

What is the southernmost wine growing region in Brazil?

A

Capanha Gaúcha is the southernmost wine region

6
Q

In which country is the region Santa Catarina located? What varietals grow there?

A

This is a region in Brazil that is north of the Rio Grande do Sul. It is the coolest region of Brazil and is 3,000 to 4,000 feet in elevation. Lambrusco and hybrid grapes grow here.

7
Q

What is the official DO zone of Brazil?

A

Val dos Vinedos

8
Q

In which country is Val dos Vinedos a DO?

A

Brazil- it is the only official DO

9
Q

Where is the region Serra do Sudquest located?

A

This is a region of Brazil. It has limestone and granite soil. Chardonnay and Pinot grow here.

10
Q

In which country is Campanha Gaúcha located?

A

it is in Brazil on the border of Uruguay. Cabernet is the main grape of this region.

11
Q

What is the climate of Uruguay?

A

Uruguay has a maritime climate. It is on the Atlantic Ocean and also has winds from the Antarctic which cool the vineyard lands.

12
Q

In which country would you find the regions of Monteuideo, San Jose and Canelones?

A

Uruguay

13
Q

Which region of Uruguay is the center of wine production?

A

Canelones is where 60% of all production is located.

14
Q

What are the most planted grapes of Uruguay?

A

Like Brazil it is Native American grapes as well as hybrids.

15
Q

Who is Pasual Harrigue?

A

He was a Basque settler who came to Uruguay in 1870 and is credited with bringing Tannant to the country. Denis Boubais, a French consultant later identified the vine as Folle Noir.

16
Q

In which country would you find the regions of Colonia, Maldonado and San Jose?

A

Uruguay

17
Q

Which country uses the quality designation “VCP?”

A

Uruguay

18
Q

What is the quality designation that Uruguay uses?

A

Vino de Calidad Preferente

19
Q

In Uruguay, what are the rules for using the label designation “Vino de Calidad Preference?”

A

Varietal wines must be 85% and also made from vinifera grapes only.

20
Q

What is the soil and climate in Canelones?

A

The climate is maritime and the soil is rich in clay.

21
Q

In which country would you find the wine regions of Tarija Valley and Camargo?

A

Bolivia- these are still pending becoming official regions.

22
Q

What are the most commonly planted grapes of Bolivia?

A

Chardonnay, Muscat, Semillon, Cabernet, Carignan, Malbec, Merlot, Syrah and Singani

23
Q

What makes viticulture possible in the country of Ecuador which is directly on the equator?

A

The Andean topography of this inland country. Altitudes of well over 4,500 feet create cool areas.

24
Q

What are the most planted grapes of Ecuador?

A

Muscat family

25
Q

Where would you find the region of Pinchincha?

A

This is in Ecuador- there is an active volcano here. Sandy soils and Palomino is grown here.

26
Q

What is the most produced beverage of Ecuador?

A

Rum

27
Q

Which countries surround Ecuador?

A

Colombia is to the north and Peru is to the east and south. Ecuador has an Atlantic coast.

28
Q

Where is Guayas and Imbabura?

A

They are wine regions in Ecuador

29
Q

Where would you find the wine region of Ica Valley?

A

This is in Peru. This is the largest and most important wine region.

30
Q

Where would you find the regions of Moquegua, Chincha and Nazca Valleys?

A

Peru

31
Q

Where geographically is the country of Bolivia?

A

It is south of Brazil, north of Chile, Argentina and Paraguay

32
Q

In which country would you find the Tarija Valley?

A

This is in Bolivia, on the border with Argentina. The most widely planted grape here is Muscat of Alexandria, used for table grapes, singani and wine.

33
Q

Where would you find the Tarija Valley, Santa Cruz and the Cinti Valley?

A

Bolivia

34
Q

Where is the wine region of Boyacá?

A

This is a department in Columbia which has two zones: The Valle del Sol, and the Valle de Zaquencipa. Both regions are defined by mountains that hold the cloud cover which mitigates the heat.

35
Q

In Argentina, what does “Reserva” and “Gran Reserva” indicate on a bottle.

A

Unlike Chile where this means higher percentages of alcohol, in Argentina Reserva for whites is 6 months and 1 year for reds; Gran Reserva is 1 year for white and 2 years for red.

36
Q

What is the most widely planted sub variety of Torrontes in Argentina?

A

Torrontes Riojano