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Flashcards in Spain Deck (363):
1

What is the dominant grape of Tierra del Vino de Zamora DO? What are the cepage requirements?

Tempranillo; reds must be at least 75%

2

What is Vi de Finca?

The Catalan equivalent of Vino de Pago

3

As of 2004, what grape had the most vineyard acreage in the world?

Airen

4

What is the major grape of Almansa DO?

Monastrell

5

What is Malvasia de Sitges?

Historical style of sweet, fortified wine made in Baix Penedes.

6

What are the two major red varietals of Navarra? White varietals?

Red - Garnacha and Tempranillo
White - Viura
Vino de Licor -- Moscatel

7

What are the DOs of Murcia?

Jumilla, Yecla, Bullas

8

What appellations does Toro touch?

Tierra del Vino de Zamora and Rueda

9

What mountain range forms the northern border of Priorat?

Serra de Montsant

10

Who owns Numanthia? Put in order from least to most expense the three wines that they make?

LVMH; Termes, Numanthia, Termanthia

11

What autonomia is the Pla de Bages DO in?

Catalonia

12

What is supposed to be the first vinous export to North America?

Sherry

13

DO: Descendientes de J. Palacios

Bierzo

14

What are the standardized aging requirements for Reserva red and white wines in Spain?

Red -- 3 years (at least 1 year in cask)
White -- 2 years (at least 6 months in cask)

15

What are the grape variety requirements for the sub zones of Rias Baixas appending their names to the DO name?

Val do Salnes and Ribeira do Ulla -- min. 70% Albarino, Loureira, Treixadura, and Caino Blanco (all recommended grapes)
Condado do Tea -- min. 70% combined Albarino and Treixadura
O Rosal -- min. 70% combined Albarino and Loueira
Soutomaior -- may not append its name to the DO

16

Viño: Laurel

Clos Erasmus's second wine

17

What river defines Bierzo?

The Sil

18

What DO in Castilla y León is known for its rosado and nuevo (primeur) production?

Cigales DO

19

DO: Raul Perez

Bierzo

20

What are the five sub-regions of Ribeira Sacra?

Amandi, Chantada, Riberas do Mino, Quiroga-Bibei, Riberas do Sil

21

What river is the Bierzo DO located along?

The Sil River

22

What are the 6 sub-regions of Ribera del Guadiana?

Ribera Alta de Guadiana
Ribera Baja de Guadiana
Mantanegra
Cañamero
Montánchez
Tierra de Barros

23

Viño: Alenza Gran Reserva

Condado de Haza, Tinta del País et al, Ribera del Duero

24

What were the first three regions of Spain to be regulated by Consejos Reguladores?

Rioja, Jerez, and Malaga

25

What autonomia is the Empordà DO in and what is the most common style of wine there?

Catalonia; rosados from Cariñena

26

Who is Domingo Txomin? What wine is he famous for?

“Unico” – he purchased the Vega Sicilia estate in the early 20thcentury and released the 1918 and 1919 Unico vintages at the Barcelona World Fair to great acclaim.

27

Who makes Calvario and in what appellation?

Finca Allende, Rioja DOCa

28

What is Galicia's eastern most DO?

Valdeorras DO.

29

What is Pantomima?

Concentrated grape must, heated and reduced to 505 its original volume; used for Malaga production

30

What does DO and DOCa stand for?

Denominacion de Origen; Denominacion de Origen Calificada

31

What are the 3 DO Pagos to be promoted in 2011? What was the first DO Pago?

2011: Calzadilla (Castilla-La Mancha)
Los Balaqueses (Utiel-Requeña)
Aylés (Cariñena)

First: Dominio de Valdepusa (Castilla-La Mancha)

32

Europe's largest demarcated region lies within Spain -- what is it?

La Mancha DO

33

With what DOP is the Sil River most strongly associated?

Ribera Sacra.

34

Name three Vi de la Vila of Priorat.

Bellmunt del Priorat, Escaladei, Gratallops, El Lloar, La Morera de Montsant, Poboleda, Porrera, Torroja del Priorat, La Vilella Alta, La Vilella Baixa, Masos del Falset, Solanes del Molar

35

What is the minimum ABV for Priorat Tinto and Blanco?

13.5/13%

36

What are the three altitude zones that Penedes is divided into?

Alt Penedes, Medio Penedes, Baix Penedes

37

What is the cepage of L'Hermita?

100% Garnacha

38

Viño: El Contador de Gallocanta

Benjamin Romeo, Rioja DOCa (blanco and tinto)

39

Viño: El Pisón

Artadi, Rioja (from the 2014 vintage forward, will be labeled as Vino de Mesa"

40

Where are Vallodolid, Burgos, and Soria provinces?





Ribera del Duero

41

What sub-zone is home to the Raventos estate?

Raimat, in Costers del Segre

42

What is soleo? Where is it used?

A process of drying grapes on esparto grass mats for up to 20 days prior to fermentation; in Malaga.

43

What are the main red and white grapes of Ribeira Sacra?

Red: Mencia; White: Treixadura and Godello

44

Who makes "Monopole"? What is it?

CVNE (Compania Vinicola del Norte Espana); their white Rioja -- can be stainless steel or oak aged

45

DO: Ametzoi

Getariako Txakolina

46

What two white grapes are allowed to be labeled varietally in Rueda DO? How much of the wines must be comprised of them? What are the cepage requirements for white wines labeled Rueda with no grape varietal?

Verdejo and Sauvignon Blanc; 85%; min. 50% Verdejo with Sauvignon Blanc, Viura, and Palomino Fino.

47

In what appellation would you find the Massif Garraf?

Penedes

48

What are the cepage requirements for Vi de la Vila?

Must include at least 60% recommended grape varietals (Garnacha/Mazuelo), or 50% if only one is present

49

What DO of Spain touches Portugal's Alentejo?

Ribera del Guadiana

50

Who makes Vina del Olivo and what appellation is it released as?

Contino, Rioja DOCa

51

What 4 vintages of the 2000s have been rated Excellente for Rioja?

2011, 2010, 2005, 2004, and 2001

52

What are the requirements of labeling a wine "blanco barrica" in Rias Baixas?

Minimum 3 months in oak

53

What are the authorised grapes for Ribera del Duero tinto?

Min. 75% Tinta del País, with Malbec, Merlot and Cabernet authorised. Grenache and Albillo Mayor can make up no more than 5% of the blend.

54

What are the 3 DO Pago regions of Navarra?

Señorio de Arínzano (Tierra Estrella)
Prado Irache (Tierra Estrella)
Bodegas Otazu (Valdizarbe)

55

What is the biggest adega in terms of production in Rias Baixas?



Martin Codax

56

What is the minimum ABV for Ribera del Duero tinto?

11.5%

57

Viño: Cirision

Roda, Rioja DOCa. Made every vintage since 1998 except 2002 and 2008

58

What style of wine (still permitted today) is Rueda historically known for?

Dorado (vino de licor)

59

With what wine is Mariano Garcia most affiliated with?

Vega Sicilia; he was fired from there in the early 90s, and since started Aalto, as well as a few other consulting projects.

60

What is Penedes Classico?

A sub-classification within DO Penedes for sparkling wine, established in 2013. Must be organic grapes, estate grown, vinified and bottled. Must be vintage dated, and at least 15 months lees.

61

What were the 5 red wines that put Priorat on the map in 1989?

Clos Mogador (Barbier)
Clos Dofi (Palacios)
Clos Erasmus
Clos de l'Obac
Clos Martinet

62

What mainland autonomia is the Balearic Island Chain closest to?

Catalonia

63

What grapes thrive in Baix Penedes?

Garnacha and Monastrell

64

What white grape is allowed in Ribera del Duero?

Albillo Mayor

65

Place from north to south the DOs of Aragon.

Somontano, Campo de Borja, Cariñena, Calatayud

66

Who makes Real de Asua and what is it?

CVNE; Reserva Rioja aged in French oak, more modern style

67

What is the most planted grape in Campo de Borja?

Garnacha

68

What island of the Canary Islands is home to 5 out of 10 of the chain's DOs?

Tenerife

69

Where does the Priorat derive its name from?

Priorato de Scala Dei, a Carthusian Monastery in the region

70

DO: Hacienda Monasterio

Ribera del Duero

71

What river flows through Castilla y León?

The Duero River

72

Name four autonomias that have the Cava DO within them.

Catalonia, Aragon, Pais Vasco, Extremedura, La Rioja, Navarra, and Valencia

73

Where did the gyropalette originate?

Penedes

74

What is Spain's largest autonomia?

Castilla y León

75

When was the DO Pago classification introduced?

2003

76

If a wine is labeled "Brut Espumoso" in Rueda, what are the grape requirements?

At least 85% Verdejo if Brut or Brut Nature, only 50% if seco or semiseco.

77

Name the 4 DOs of Aragon?

Calatayud DO
Campo de Borja DO
Cariñena DO
Somontano DO

78

What are the three DO zones of Pais Vasco?

Getariako Txakolina
Bixkaiko Txakolina
Arabako Txakolina

79

What is Tempranillo known as in La Mancha DO?

Cencibel

80

What grape thrives in Medio Penedes?

Xarel-Lo, Parrellada, Macabeo

81

Name three subzones of Costers del Segre.

Urgell, Garrigues, Pallars Jussa, Raimat, Artesa de Segre, Segrià, Valls de Riu Corb

82

Where specifically is Palacios Remondo based?

Rioja Baja

83

What is the main grape of Campo de Borja?

Garnacha

84

What autonomia is the Mentrida DO in?

Castilla-La Mancha

85

What is the mountain range that separates France and Spain?

The Pyrenees

86

What is the minimum alcohol for Rioja Reserva/Gran Reserva?

12%

87

For varietal wines in Rueda, what is the minimum requirement for grape %?

85%

88

In what region of Rioja does Tempranillo ripen the earliest?

Rioja Alavesa

89

What year was Ribera del Duero granted DO status?

1982

90

What DO Pago estate is in Utiel Requena?

El Terrerazo

91

What three towns make up the "golden triangle" of Sherry production?

Jerez de la Frontera, Sanlucar de Barrameda, El Puerto de Santa Maria

92

DO: Quinta da Muradella

Monterrei

93

What was the first DOCa in Spain and when was it established?

Rioja; 1991

94

What are the standardized aging requirements for Gran Reserva white and red wines? How does this differ from the requirements of Rioja/Ribera del Duero?

Red: 5 yrs, including at least 18 months in cask. [R/RdD: 5 yrs, with at least 24 months in cask] White: 4 yrs, including at least 6 months in cask. [Same for Rioja, no Blanco for RdD]

95

Who makes "Unico" and what are the grapes that comprise it.

Vega Sicilia; Tinto del Pais, Cab and Merlot

96

What is the DO of Extremedura?

Ribera del Guadiana

97

Name all nine DOs of Castilla y Leon.

Arlanza, Arribes, Bierzo, Cigales, Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Tierra de Leon, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, Toro

98

In what autonomia is the Alella DO?

Catalonia

99

What is the most common grape of Utiel-Requena?

Bobal

100

What wine region is affected by the Tamega river?

Monterrei

101

DO: Vinyes Domenech

Montsant; their single vineyard bottling Teixar is a Vi de Finca

102

DO: Dominio di Bibei

Ribeira Sacra

103

What are the two most common ways to train vines in Ribera del Duero?

En vaso (bush vines -- head trained, spur-pruned) and en espalier (trellised, guyot-trained)

104

What are the best vintages of the 1990s in Rioja?

1994, 1995, and 1996

105

What is the favored red and white grapes in the Ribeiro DO?

Red - Caiño. White- Treixadura

106

What size casks must Rioja wines be aged in?

225 L.

107

What are the four DO zones of Aragon?

Campo de Borja, Calatayud, Cariñena, Somontano

108

What is the primary grape of Bullas DO?

Monastrell

109

What is the minimum and maximum alcohol for Bierzo wines?

Blanco: 11-13%
Rosado/Tinto: 11-14%

110

DO: Bodegas el Nido

Jumilla

111

Name the sub zones of Ribeira Sacra. What rivers do they flank?





Chantada, Ribeiras do Miño -- on the banks of the Miño
Ribeiras do Sil, Amandi, Quiroga-Bibei -- on the banks of the Sil

112

What is rosado traditionally known as in Pais Vasco?

Ojo de Gallo

113

What is the capital of Rioja Alta?

Haro

114

Name the four provinces of Ribera del Duero.

Valladolid, Segovia, Burgos, and Soria

115

What DOs are located in the autonomia of Valencia?

Valencia, Alicante and Utiel-Requena.

116

What wines does Lopez de Heredia make from Vina Bosconia?

Red Reserva, Red Gran Reserva

117

DO: Pazo de Señorans

Rias Baixas

118

Viño: Malleolus

Emilio Moro's highest end wine, Ribera del Duero DOCa

119

Costers del Siurana used to be known as what?

Clos de l'Obac

120

What DO was Montsant a sub-zone of until 2001?

Tarragona DO

121

What autonomias of Green Spain have no DOs?

Asturias and Cantabria

122

What are the 5 subzones of Navarra?

Valdizarbe, Baja Montaña, Tierra Estrella, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja

123

Place from east to west: Arribes, Arlanza, Cigales, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, Toro


Arlanza, Cigales, Toro, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, Arribes

124

What are the 5 major white grapes of the Canary Islands?

Malvasia, Gual, Forastera Blanca, Moscatel, Listan Blanco (Palomino)

125

What are the three authorized grapes for Sherry production?

Palomino Fino, Moscatel, Pedro Ximenez

126

What is Tarragona Classico?

Now referred to as Garnatxa de Tarragona. A fortified wine made from Garnacha (Blanca or Neagra) and aged a minimum of 2 years in oak casks.

127

What would the following terms mean on a bottle of Spanish wine: noble, añejo, viejo?

Noble -- 18 months aging in a cask of < 600 L or bottle.
Anejo -- 24 months aging in a cask of < 600 L or bottle.
Viejo -- 36 months aging.

128

What are the further requirements for Cave de Paraje Calificado?

- Must be vintage dated
- Only Brut, Extra Brut or Brut Nature in style
- lower yields and press requirements

129

What are the names of the towns that bookend Rioja?

Haro to the NW and Alfaro in the SE

130

What are the DOs of Castilla-La Mancha (excepting DO Pago estates)?

La Mancha, Mentrida, Manchuela, Almansa, Ribera de Jucar, Valdepenas, Mondejar, Ucles

131

Which two sub zones of Rias Baixas lie on the Miño River?

Condado do Tea and O Rosal

132

What Spanish DO is called "beneath the mountain"?

Somontano

133

What are the major white and red grapes of Pais Vasco?

White -- Ondarrabi Zuri
Red -- Ondarrabi Beltza

134

In what year were DO regulations approved in Spain?

1970

135

In what region of Rioja is carbonic maceration most often employed?

Rioja Alavesa

136

For Rioja, what are the aging requirements for Crianza red and white wines?

Red -- 2 years, with at least one year in oak. White -- 2 years, with at least 6 months in oak.

137

What are the 5 DOs of Galicia?

Valdeorras, Monterrei, Rias Baixas, Ribeira Sacra, Ribeiro

138

What region does Terra Alta border?

Aragon

139

What winery is credited with pioneering the Rueda wine region?

Marques de Riscal

140

What estate did Don Eloy Lecanda Charles found in 1864?

Vega Sicilia

141

What is the primary grape of Valdeorras?

Godello

142

Name two Ribera del Duero producers who use American oak.

Vega Sicilia and Pesquera (most others use French!)

143

How much would you expect to pay on a restaurant wine list for PSI, Flor de Pingus, and Pingus, all from the 2010 vintage.

PSI -- less than $100
Flor de Pingus -- around $250
Pingus -- over $1500

144

Who can be credited with championing a dry, crisp, unoxidized style of Rueda using stainless steel and temperature control in the 1970s?

Marques de Riscal

145

What are the most common grapes of Valdepenas?

Airen and Cencibel

146

Who introduced método tradicional sparkling wine to Spain?

Jose Raventós, in Penedès

147

Who makes Prado Enea Gran Reserva?

Muga, from Rioja Alta.

148

What grapes are in Clos Mogador?

Garnacha, Cab, & Syrah

149

DO: Viña Mein

Ribeiro

150

What DO of Aragon touches Ribera Baja (Navarra)and Rioja Baja?

Campo de Borja

151

What is the symbol for Cava on the cork?

4 Pointed Star

152

What is the second most cultivated white grape in Valdeorras?

Doña Blanca

153

Put from east to west: Ribeira Sacra, Valdeorras, Bierzo, Ribeiro

Bierzo, Valdeorras, Ribeira Sacra, Ribeiro

154

In what ways do the aging requirements for Ribera del Duero differ from the standard aging requirements across Spain?



No white wines made.
Rosado Crianza -- 2 years total, with 6 months in oak (rather than 18 months total, with 6 months in oak)
No Rosado Reserva or Gran Reserva
Tinto Crianza -- 2 years total, with 1 year in oak (rather than 2 years total, with 6 months in oak)
Tinto Reserva - 3 years total, with 1 year in oak (same)
Tinto Gran Reserva -- Min. 2 years in oak, 3 years in bottle (rather than 5 years total, with min. 18 months in cask)

155

What DO of Galicia is Bierzo contiguous with?

Valdeorras

156

What are the red grapes of Rias Baixas?

Recommended: Caiña Tinta, Espadeiro, Loureira Tinta, Sousón. Authorized: Mencía, Brancellao

157

In Rioja, what are the aging requirements for Gran Reserva red and white wines?

Red -- at least 2 years in oak, 2 in bottle (5 years total)
White -- 4 years total (at least 6 months in oak)

158

Viño: PSI

Pingus, Tinta del País et al, Ribera del Duero

159

When are VCIGs eligible to apply for DO status? When are DOs eligible to apply for DOCa status?

5 years/10 years

160

Viño: Camiño Novo

Envínate, Ribeira Sacra

161

What are the three wines that Vega Sicilia makes?

Valbuena 5', Reserval Especial (non-vintage), Unico

162

What subzone of Ribeira Sacra is adjacent to Valdeorras?

Quiroga-Bibei

163

What are the dominant grapes of Tierra de León DO?

Mencia & Prieto Picudo

164

What are the top two red and white grapes of Vinos de Madrid DO?

Red - Negra de Madrid (Garnacha), Tinto Fino (Tempranillo)
White - Malvar & Airén

165

Viño: Monte Real

Bodegas Riojanas

166

Viño: Amelia

A single barrel cuvée made by Pingus. Only made in select vintages: 03, 07, 08, 11, 13

167

In Rioja, what are the aging requirements for Reserva red and white wines?

Red -- 3 years, at least 1 in oak. White -- 2 years, at least 6 months in oak.

168

List in order from north to south the sub zones of Rias Baixas.

Ribeira do Ulla
Val do Salnes
Soutomaior
Condado do Tea
O Rosal

169

What mountain range likes to the northwest of Rioja?

Cantabrian Mountains

170

What are the two DO zones of the Balearic Islands?

Pla i Llevant DO and Binissalem Mallorca DO

171

What are the autonomías of Green Spain?

Galicia, Asturias, Pais Vasco, Cantabria

172

What is arrope?

Sweet grape must syrup, often used to restore sweetness to the fortified wines of Malaga.

173

What is the coolest and wettest subzone of Rias Baixas? What is the warmest and driest?

Val do Salnes (northwestern) is the coolest and wettest. Condado do Tea (southeastern - inland) is the warmest and driest.

174

What style of wine is Cigales best known for?

Rosado

175

Who are the three largest producers of Cava?

Freixenet, Codorniu, and Carcia Caurions (Jaume Serra)

176

What estate is Dominio Txomin associated with reviving?

Vega Sicilia

177

Viño: Pesus

Viña Sastre, Tinta del País et al, Ribera del Duero

178

What is the main grape of Calatayud & Cariñena?

Garnacha

179

What was the first vintage of Pingus?

1995

180

DO: Dominio de Atuata

Ribera del Duero

181

What are the best vintages of the 1980s in Rioja?

1981, 1982, and 1985

182

What are the most common grapes of the Balearic Islands?

Manto Negro and Moll (Prensal Blanc)

183

What are the grape varietal requirements for white wines from the DOs of Pais Vasco?

Must be at least 80% Ondarrabi Zuri (plantings). Other authorised grapes include Petit Corbu, Gros Manseng, Petit Manseng, SB, Riesling, Folle Blanche & Chardonnay

184

What two mountain ranges define Rioja?

Cantabrian and Pyrenees

185

Name five synonyms for Tempranillo and what regions they come from.

Ule de Llebre (Catalan -- "eye of the hair"), Cencibel (Madrid, Aragon, La Mancha, etc.), Tinta de Toro (Toro), Aragonez (Portugal), Tinta Roriz (Portugal), Tinta del Pais (Portugal)

186

For Rioja, what are the aging requirements for Crianza red and white wines?

Red: 2 yrs, at least one in oak. White: 2 yrs, at least 6 months in cask.

187

What was the second region to be promoted to DOCa status?

Priorat

188

What are Vina Cubillo and Vina Gravonia?

Lopez de Heredia's Crianza wines -- Cubillo is red; Gravonia is white

189

What is the primary red grape of Rueda?

Tempranillo

190

What are the three best vintage of the 21st century in Ribera del Duero.

2001, 2004, 2010.

191

Who is most responsible for the revitalisation of the Costers del Segre DO?

Manuel Raventos

192

What are the most common white grapes of Toro?

Verdejo and Malvasia

193

Viño: Ygay

Marques de Murrieta, Rioja DOCa

194

What are the three areas of production in the Vinos de Madrid DO?

San Martin de Valdeiglesias
Navalcarnero
Arganda

195

DO: Paixar

Bierzo

196

What is the primary grape of Montilla-Moriles?

Pedro Ximenez

197

What are the three most planted grapes in Priorat?

Garnacha Tinta
Samsó (aka Mazuelo/Carignan)
Cabernet

198

What is the primary grape of Rias Baixas? What are the secondary grapes?

Albarino; Treixadura & Loureira

199

Who makes Vina Ardanza?

La Rioja Alta

200

What are the two main grapes of La Mancha DO?

Cencibel and Airen

201

What is the most common grape found in the Valencia DO?

Mersequera -- neutral white grape. Monastrell is the most common red grape.

202

What are the requirements for Cava de Paraje?

- single vineyard, min. 10 years old
- hand-harvested
- min. 36 months tirage

203

What grapes thrive in Alt Penedes?

Parellada, Xarel-lo, Macabeo, as well as Riesling, Gewürztraminer, etc.

204

What autonomia of Spain was once considered the same region as Rousillon?

Catalonia

205

When were the autonomías of Spain legally established?

1978

206

Which is the coldest, highest province of Ribera del Duero?

Soria

207

What are the recommend grapes for reds from the Cigales DO? What style of wine is Cigales best known for?

Min. 50% Garnacha, Tinto del Pais (Tempranillo) and Garnacha Gris. Cigales is best known for its rosado.

208

What river intersects Valdeorras?

The Sil River

209

What sub-region of Ribera del Guadiana does 80% of the DO's production come from?

Tierra de Barros

210

What are the standardized aging requirements for red & white Crianza wines in Spain?

Red -- 2 years, with at least 6 months in cask
White -- 18 months, with at least 6 months in cask

211

What are the 5 aging categories of Malaga?

Malaga Palcido -- max. 6 months oak aging
Malaga - 6-24 months
Malaga Noble - 2-3 years
Malaga Anejo - 3-5 years
Malaga Transanejo - min. 5 years

212

What are the primary white and red grapes of the Arribes DO?

Red -- Rufete & Tempranillo, White -- Malvasia, Verdejo, and Albila

213

What DO Pago would you find in Aragon?

Ayles

214

What are the sub-zones b/t Tarragona and Somotano that are encompassed by the Costers del Segre DO?

Pallars Jussa, Artesa de Segre, Valls du Riucorb, Segria, Garrigues, Urgell, Raimat

215

A subzone of Tarragona called Falset became what appellation in 2002?

Montsant

216

Since when has red wine been allowed under the Rueda DO?

Since the 2001 vintage.

217

What DO was a subzone of La Mancha DO until 2003?

Ribera de Jucar

218

How are the cepage requirements for Toro Tinto?

Min. 75% Tinta de Toro, with Garnacha authorized.

219

What is the major grape of Manchuela DO?

Bobal

220

What is the minimum percentage of Tinta del País in Ribera del Duero? What other grapes are authorized?

Min. 75% Tinta del País, with Malbec, Merlot, Cab allowed; Garnacha and Albillo Mayor allowed at a max. of 5% combined.

221

DO: Emilio Moro

Ribera del Duero

222

Viño: As Sortes






Rafael Palacios, Godello, Valdeorras

223

DO: Ossian

Rueda

224

How much Albarino must be in a bottle of Rias Baixas wine labeled Albarino?

100%

225

Viño: Las Beatas

Telmo Rodriguez, Rioja DOCa

226

What are tinajas?



Tinajas are large clay vats with wide bases and narrow openings traditionally used in vinifcation in Spain with the aims of reducing oxidation.

227

Name three producers who have had vineyards classified as Cava de Paraje?

Torello, Recaredo, Alta Alella, Juve y Camps, Freixenet, Codorniu, Vins el Cep, Gramona, Castellroig

228

Viño: Petalos

Descendientes de J. Palacios, Mencía, Bierzo

229

What DO lies just west of Rueda?

Toro

230

What grapes comprise Viña Sastre's Pesus?

Tempranillo, Cabernet, and Merlot

231

What region is adjacent to the northern and eastern borders of Rioja?

Navarra

232

What 4 DOs of Castilla y Leon are not on the Duero River?

Arlanza, Cigales, Tierra de León, Bierzo

233

What is the soil type of Valdeorras?

Slate, granite, calcerous clay.

234

What DOs does the Duero River flow through, from east to west?

Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, and Arribes.

235

What town is thought to be the birthplace of Cava?

San Sadurni d'Anoia

236

What are the three most planted grapes in Navarra?

1. Tempranillo
2. Garnacha
3. Cabernet Sauvignon

237

Who makes La Faraona? From what DO and grape? How much would you expect to pay for it on a wine list?

La Faraona is an old-vine, single vineyard Mencía made by Descendientes de J. Palacios in Bierzo. It is pricey! Approximately $700 a wine list.

238

What are the most common grapes of Malaga?

Moscatel & PX

239

In what DO would you find the subzones Tierra de Barros, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja, Montánchez, Matanegra, and Cañamero?

Ribera del Guadiana

240

What are the soil types of Montsant.

Loam and limestone over a granite base.

241

What DO does 95% of Cava production take place in?

Penedes

242

What grape is most associated with Sierra de Salamanca VCIG?

Rufete

243

Viño: Janus

This is Pesquera's Gran Reserva Ribera del Duero. First vintage 1982 from a single parcel of old vine fruit. Half is made according to ancient techniques (whole bunches, stone press) and half is made via modern logic (100% destemmed, fermentation in temperature controlled tank)

244

DO: Zárate

Rias Baixas

245

What are the three recommended grapes for Cava? What are the 6 allowed?

Xarel-lo, Parrellada, Macabeo; Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Garnacha, Monastrell, Trepat (may only be used for rosado), and Malvasia (Subirat)

246

What is Garnacha known as in Madrid?

Negra de Madrid

247

What autonomia are Terra Alta & Conca de Barbera DOs part of?

Catalonia

248

What town does the DO of Ribera del Duero surround?

Arranda de Duero

249

What would it mean to produce a wine "sobremadre" and where is this traditional?

Extra long macertion, up to 180 days; Vinos de Madrid DO

250

DO: Fariña

Ribera del Duero

251

DO: Frutos Villar

Toro

252

What are the three soil types of Jerez?

Albariza, Barros, and Arenas

253

What is the required alcohol on Montsant rouge?

12.5-15% alcohol

254

What is region is Ribera del Duero on the Winkler scale?

Region 1

255

What is the most planted grape of the Alella DO, and what is it locally known as?

Xarel-lo (locally known as Parisà Blanca)

256

What DOs does the Duero River flow through?

Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, & Arribes

257

Describe the difference in topography between Bierzo and Ribeira Sacra?

Ribeira Sacra has quite steep aspects, while Bierzo is relatively flat.

258

Can white and rosado wines be made in the Toro DO?

Yes.

259

What is the soil type of Rias Baixas?

Alluvial with some granite and slate.

260

Ribeira Sacra lies at the confluence of what two rivers?

Sil and Miño

261

What is the principal grape of Binissalem Mallorca DO?

Manto Negro

262

What is the main grape of Jumilla DO?

Monastrell

263

What is Fondillon and where is it made?

Fondillon is a solera-style oxidative dessert wine (NOT fortified) made from overripe Monastrell grapes. Aged a minimum of 10 years and made in the Alicante DO.

264

What white grapes are most prominent in Bierzo?

Palomino -- most dominant, but lower quality
Godello & Doña Blanca -- higher quality

265

What is Tempranillo know as in Catalonia?

Ull de Llebre

266

Where would you find the grape Zalema dominating vineyards?

Condado de Huelva DO

267

What are the aging requirements for Ribera del Duero Crianza/Reserva/Gran Reserva

C - 2 years (at least 1 in cask)
R - 3 (1)
GR - 5 (2)

268

Where are the wines of Pesquera made? What are they?

Ribera del Duero. Made by Alejandro Fernandez. 100% Tempranillo and a “local varietal” challenger to Unico, made of Tempranillo + BDX varieties. Became popular in the 1980s.

269

What wine region is affected by the Duero and Guareña rivers?

Toro

270

In what ways do the aging requirements for Ribera del Duero differ from the standard aging requirements across Spain?

No white wines made.
Rosado Crianza -- 2 years total, with 6 months in oak (rather than 18 months total, with 6 months in oak)
No Rosado Reserva or Gran Reserva
Tinto Crianza -- 2 years total, with 1 year in oak (rather than 2 years total, with 6 months in oak)
Tinto Gran Reserva -- Min. 2 years in oak, 3 years in bottle (rather than 5 years total, with min. 18 months in cask)

271

What three autonomias does Rioja DOCa span?

Pais Vasco, La Rioja, and Navarra

272

Under what EU quality category does Spain's Vinos de Calidad con Indicacion Geografica (VCIG) fall?





DOP

273

What are the three major red grapes of the Canary Islands?

Listan Negro, Negramoll (Tinta Negramole), Malvasia Rosada

274

What four wineries compose CVNE?

CVNE, Imperial, Viña Real, and Contino

275

What defines the soils of Ribera del Duero? Climate? Altitude?

Schist with a chalky topsoil; very warm, but with huge diurnal shifts; high altitude, most vineyards at 750-800m.

276

What DO of Castilla-La Mancha borders Utiel-Requena, and what is the main grape of both?

Manchuela; Bobal

277

What are the varietal requirements for Bierzo Tinto?

Min. 70% Mencía, with Garnacha Tintorera (Alicante Bouschet)

278

What is doble pasta and where is it traditionally found?

Doble pasta is a style of wine that is macerated with double the amount of skins & pulp; traditional style in Utiel-Requena

279

What appellation is defined by the Serra de Miralles mountain range?

Penedes

280

What is "Dorado"?

A rarely found, dry, fortified, oxidized wine in Rueda

281

Name the 6 DOs of Andalucia?

Jerez-Xérès-Sherry, Sanlucar de Barrameda,Condado do Huelva, Málaga, Sierras de Málaga, Montilla-Moriles

282

What is the southernmost DO in Galicia?

Monterrei

283

What river is the Ribeiro DO located along?

The Miño River.

284

In what year was the first Vino de Pago awarded? What requirements are levied?

2003;
- single estate
- if within an existing DO, VP appellation requirements must be stricter
- estates may apply after 10 years of production
- wines must be estate bottled

285

In what region would you find "Summun" appended to the name? What does it entail?

Ribeira Sacra; Translates directly to "pinnacle" -- can be blanco or tinto with a higher proportion of recommended grapes.

286

Viño: Villa de Corullòn

Descendientes de J. Palacios, Mencía, Bierzo

287

In what DO would you find the subzones Alto Turia, Clariano, Valentino, and Moscatel de Valencia?

Valencia DO

288

What DO Pago estate famously lies in the Mentrida DO?

DO Pago Dominio de Valdepusa (Marques de Grinon)

289

Are white wines allowed in Ribera del Duero?

No.

290

What river was Rioja named after?

The Oja, a tributary of the Ebro

291

In what DO would you find the subzones San Martin de Valdeigusias, Navalcarero, and Arganda?

Vinos de Madrid

292

What are the grape requirements for reds from Toro?

75% Tinta de Toro; Garnacha is the only other grape permitted.

293

What are the grape requirements for wines labeled "Rueda"?

At least 50% Verdejo (with SB, Viura, and Palomino Fino)

294

What is the dominant white grape of Rioja and what is it also know as? What are the supporting white grapes? What other grapes may be used, and how much of the blend can they account for?

Viura (aka Macabeo); Garnacha Blanca, Malvasia Riojano, Maturana Blanca, and Turrentes (Albillo Mayor). Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, and Verdejo may be used, but may not account for more than 50% of the blend.

295

What are the 5 island DOs of the Canary Islands?

La Palma, El Hiero, La Gomera, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote

296

What are the soils of Bierzo like?

Alluvial at lower elevations, with more slate at higher elevations.

297

What is a synonym for Palomino?

Listan.

298

What is the only Spanish DO that covers a style of wine rather than a region?

Cava DO

299

Which province of Ribera del Duero is home to 80% of the DO's vineyards?

Burgos

300

Name 3 DOs through which the Duero River passes.

Ribera del Duero, Rueda, Toro, Tierra del Vino de Zamora, and Arribes.

301

What are the recommended grapes for Rosado and Tinto wines in Valdeorras?

Mencia, Merenzao, Souson, Bracellao

302

What is the hottest region in Galicia?

Monterrei

303

In what DO would you find the Siurana river?

Priorat

304

What region lies to the east of Rioja & Navarra?

Aragon

305

DO: Rafael Palacios

Valdeorras

306

Name three vintages in which Unico was not released.

1988, 1992, 1993, 1997, and 2001. Prior to 2010, the only vessel Unico was vinified in was a 40,000 liter vat. If they didn't have enough to make 40,000 liters, it wasn't made. Now, they have some 8,000 liter vessels.

307

What is llicorella?

Black slate & quartzite soils that characterize the best vineyards of the Priorat.

308

Who is the world's largest producer of sparkling wine?

Freixenet

309

May red and rosado wines be made in Rueda?

Yes

310

What river flows throw Rioja?

Ebro

311

What is the synonym for the Tinta Negra grape used in the Canary Islands?

Negramoll

312

What is vimblanc?

A fortified style of wine produced from overripe grapes in Montsant & Tarragona. Pansa is the traditional grape.

313

What autonomia of Spain has the highest concentration of DO Pagos?

Castilla-La Mancha

314

Viño: Contador

Benjamin Romeo

315

What styles of wine are permitted in the Rueda DO?

- Blanco
- Rosado
- Tinto
- Vino Espumoso
- Rueda Dorado

316

What DO of Catalonia touches the border of France?

Empordà

317

What is the required lees time for Cava/Reserva/Gran Reserva?


Cava - 9 months
Rsv. - 15 months
Gran Rsv. - 30 months

318

Who makes L'Hermita and where from?

Alvaro Palacios; Priorat

319

Who make "Corona" and what is it?

100% Viura dessert wine fermented in American Oak made by CVNE.

320

What are the five DO zones on the island of Tenerife?

Abona, Tacoronte-Acentejo, Ycoden-Daute-Isora, Valle de Guimar, Valle de la Orotara

321

What is the smallest DO in Galicia?

Monterrei

322

What does it mean for a wine to be made in a rancio style?

Madeirized, exposed to direct sunlight

323

Name three differences between Unico and Valbuena 5'.

Unico -- 10 years aging, fermented in oak vessels, and 60-65 year old vines
Valbuena - 5 years aging, fermented in stainless steel, and 30-35 year old vines

324

What do VCIG and VdlT stand for in Spain? What EU categories do these fall under.

VCIG - Vinos de Calidad con Indicación Geografica (EU's DOP status)
VdlT -- Vino de la Tierra (EU's IGP status)

325

What winery did Daphne Glorian found?

Clos Erasmus

326

What is the name of Vega Sicilia's project in Toro?

Bodegas Pintia

327

Name three other projects of Vega Sicilia.

Alion in Ribera del Duero, Pintia in Toro, and Oremus in Tokaj

328

What DO are table wines from Malaga released under?

Sierras de Malaga DO.

329

What are the 5 sub-regions of Rias Baixas?

Condado do Tea, Val de Salnés, Ribeira do Ulla, Soutomaior, O Rosal

330

DO: Alto Moncayo

Campo de Borja, Aragon

331

What is Malvasia known as in Penedes?

Subirat

332

True or False: Fino wines are fortified in Montilla-Moriles? Why or why not?

False; wines can naturally ferment to 15.5% alcohol in the hot climate, an ideal strength for flor to survive. Only Olorosos and PXs are fortified.

333

What is the required alcohol range for Toro wines?

Tinto: 12.5-15%

334

Name three wineries based in Rioja Alavesa.

Remelluri (Telmo Rodriguez), Ramirez de Ganuza, Marques de Riscal, Exopto, Artadi, Contino

335

Viño: Reserva de la Familia

Juve y Camps Cava Reserva -- one of the first great, successful Reservas.

336

What DO in Castilla y Leon was upgraded from its VdlT status in 2007?

Tierra de Leon DO

337

DO: Dehesa la Granja

Tiered del Vino de Zamora (founded by Alejandro Fernandez of Pesquera)

338

What are the 3 autonomias of North/Central Spain?

Navarra, La Rioja, Aragón

339

What DO is covered by the provinces Valladolid and Zamora?

Toro

340

Viño: Viña Real

CVNE, Rioja

341

DO: Abadia Retuerta

Ribera del Duero

342

DO: Hermanos Peciña

Rioja DOCa

343

For rosado wines in Rioja, what is the minimum amount of red grapes?

25%

344

What are the six DOs of Andalucia?

Malaga, Sierras de Malaga, Montilla-Moriles, Condado du Huelva, Jerez-Xeres-Sherry, Manzanilla Sanlucar de Barrameda

345

What are the DO Pagos of Navarra?

Señorio de Arinzano, Prago Irache, and Otazu

346

Who makes Corullon and what is it?

Descendietes de J. Palacios (Alavaro Palacios and nephew Ricardo Perez); 100% Mencia from Bierzo

347

Name three DO Pago estates of Castilla-La Mancha?

DO Pago Finca Elez
DO Pago Dominio de Valdepusa
DO Pago Guijoso
DO Pago Dehesa del Carrizel
DO Pago Campo de la Guardia
DO Pago Pago Florentino
DO Pago Casa del Blanco
DO Pago Calzadilla

348

What is Viño Tostado, and where is it made?

Viño Tostado is a dried grape wine made in the Ribeiro DO of Galicia. Can be blanco or tinto.

349

What is the name of Vega Sicilia's estate in Toro?

Bodegas Pintia

350

Who owns Condado de Haza, and where is it?

Pesquera, their estate in Roa, in Ribera del Duero.

351

What soil structure defines Rioja Alavesa? Alta? Baja?

Alavesa and Alta -- calcerous clay. Baja -- Alluvial soils and ferrous clay

352

From north to south, what are the three sub-zones of Rioja?

Rioja Alavesa, Rioja Alta, Rioja Baja

353

What are the 5 authorized grapes of Rioja? What percentage of the blend do they have to make up?

Tempranillo, Graciano, Mazuelo, Garnacha, Maturana Tinta -- 85% (95% if destemmed)

354

What are the five subzones of Navarra?

Valdizarbe, Baja Montana, Tierra Estrella, Ribera Alta, Ribera Baja

355

What is Spain's version of IGP?

Vino de la Tierra (VdlT)

356

Viño: Les Tosses

Terroir al Limit, Priorat DOCa

357

DO: Perez Pascuas

Ribera del Duero

358

What bodega was founded by Alejandro Fernandez?

Pesquera in Ribera del Duero

359

Cencibel is a synonym for what grape in what regions?

Tempranillo in Valdepenas, La Mancha, Madrid, Aragon, Extremedura, and Murcia.

360

Which subzones of Navarra touch the Ebro?

Tierra Estrella, Ribera Alta, and Ribera Baja

361

What wines does Lopez de Heredia make from Vina Tondonia?

Red Reserva, White Reserva, White, Red, and Rose Gran Reserva

362

What legendary estate did Don Eloy Lecanda y Chaves found? When, and where?



Vega Sicilia. Ribera del Duero. 1864. (Bordeaux varieties, Tempranillo / Tinto del Pais, and Pinot Noir – to make brandy.)

363

Name one producer of Escanyavelles?

Val Llach -- a native white grape of Priorat