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Flashcards in Spain Deck (32):
1

The capital of La Rioja

Logroño

2

The three sub regions of Rioja

Rioja Alta
Rioja Baja
Rioja Alavesa

3

The major river the runs through Rioja

Ebro River

4

What are the 3 other major cities beside the capital in La Rioja

Haro, to the north west
Nájera, west of Logroño
Calahorra, to the south east

5

Besides the role of geographic demarcation, what the significant mount Dion ranges surrounding also provide?

Protection

Cantabrian mountains to the north west protect from the cold Atlantic winds

Sierra de la Demanda to the west protect from western winds

Yerga mountains of Rioja Baja protect from the warm Mediterranean guts from the east.

6

What is population of La Rioja

300,000 people

Half of which live in Logroño

20% of which work in the wine trade

7

Who was the grand hero to pull Riojas capital back into the fold of Christian Spain and when?

El Cid, conquered the city of Logroño from the Moors in 1092

8

the name of the large plateau in central Spain

Meseta

9

Spains climate is mostly...

continental
protected from the north by the pyrenees and cantabrian mountains and 60% of the country is above 2,000 ft elevation (meseta).

10

How many autonomous regions in Spain?

19 autonomous regions

15 on the Iberian peninsula
2 island group, Canary and Balearic
2 in North Africa, Ceuta and Melilla

11

What is another name for Macabeo

Viura

12

what are the two categories of table wine in Spain

Vinos de Mesa (table wine)
Vinos de la Tierra (country wine) (from one single geographical indication)

13

what are the 4 sub categories of Quality wine in Spain?

- Vinos de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica (VCIG)
- Denominaciónes de origen (DO)
- Denominaciónes de Origen Calificada (DOCa)
- Vinos de pago

14

How many DO's in Spain (2016)

67

15

define: Vino de Pago

- Established in 2003
- Recognized excellence in a single estate
- May or may not be within existing DO
- Set their own Appelation rules
- As of 2016 - 14 Pagos

16

list 7 synonyms for Tempraillo

Tinta de Toro. - Toro
Tinta de País. -Ribera del Duero, CIgales
Tinto Fino. - Ribera del Duero
Ull de Llebre. - Catalonia
Cencibel. - La Mancha, Valdepeñas
Aragonêz. - Portugal
Tinta Roriz. - Douro, Portugal

17

List 3 age statements that both PGI and PDO wines can use on the label and the requirements.

- Vino Noble - 18 months age in barricas or bottles
- Vino Añejo - 24 months age in barricas or bottles
- Vino Viejo - 36 months age in strongly oxidative environment.

18

the name of the area in northwest Spain

-the Galicia Region.
-also called Green Spain.
-exposed to the Atlantic, it is cooler and wetter than the rest of Spain.

19

what are 3 grapes of Rias Baixas

Albariño is king, with Loureira and Trexadura

20

what 4 key regions follow the Duero across the north of Spain towards Portugal, and what area is this?

Area: Castilla y León
regions:
- Toro
- Rueda
- Cigales
- Ribera del Duero

21

the Key white Varetal from Rueda

Verdejo

22

When was Rioja elevated in status?

- first region to DO status - 1925
- first region to DOCa status - 1991

23

What is another name for Mazuelo?

Cariñena

24

the name of the Soil famous in Priorat DOQ

Llicorella
- a slate flecked with mica soil

25

main grape of Priorat DOQ

Garnacha
with Cariñena almost as prominent

26

the significant grape style of Tarragona DO

- 75% full bodied aromatic whites.
- also the largest of Catalonia's DO's

27

what are the 3 DO's of Murcia, Spain

- Jumilla
- Yecla
- Bullas
all located inland, effected by warm central Spain and produce deep wines from Monastrell

28

Three towns that make up the Sherry triangle

- Sanlúcar de Barrameda
- El Puerto de Santa Maria
- Jerez de la Fontera

29

What is the Key soil type for Palomino in Jerez

Albariza
- Brilliant white with incredible water retention qualities, it is about 30% limestone with chalk and sand

30

Define; en rama

Unfiltered Fino Sherry

31

list the age classifications for sherry

- Vinos con Indicatión de Edad
aged for 12-15 years
- Vinos de Vejez Calificada
= Vinum Optimum Signatum (VOS/Very Old Sherry)
= Vinum Optimum Rare Signature (VORS/Very Old Rare Sherry)

32

The style of wine from Montilla-Morilas, Spain

Located east and further inland from Jerez, it is warmer and dryer. 70% of plantings are Pedro Ximénez as it thrives here.