Spanish Frequency 5000 - 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spanish Frequency 5000 - 4 Deck (500):
1

mezclar (v)

to mix

2

género (nm)

sort, gender, genre

3

continuo (adj)

continuous

4

distribuir (v)

to distribute, deliver

5

economía (nf)

economy, economics, thriftiness

6

apartar (v)

to move away, separate

7

bosque (nm)

forest

8

reclamar (v)

to demand, require

9

paisaje (nm)

landscape

10

quemar (v)

to burn

11

llamado (nm)

call, calling

12

paciente (nc)

patient

13

elevado (adj)

elevated, high, lofty

14

obedecer (v)

to obey

15

tensión (nf)

tension, stress, strain

16

establecido (adj)

established

17

local (adj)

local (adj)

18

satisfacer (v)

to satisfy

19

concebir (v)

to conceive, understand

20

ministro (nm/f)

government secretary, minister

21

impulso (nm)

impulse, momentum

22

reaccionar (v)

to react

23

comercio (nm)

commerce, trade

24

naturalmente (adv)

naturally

25

acusar (v)

to accuse

26

espera (nf)

wait

27

gastar (v)

to spend money

28

reserva (nf)

reservation, reserve

29

regalar (v)

to give as a gift

30

competencia (nf)

competition, contest

31

quejar (v)

to complain

32

penetrar (v)

to penetrate, come in

33

vacío (adj)

empty, vacant (adj)

34

aislado (adj)

isolated

35

rendir (v)

to yield, to produce

36

observación (nf)

observation

37

registrar (v) [also inscribir]

to register, record

38

limpiar (v)

to clean

39

vacío (nm)

emptiness, void (nm)

40

atribuir (v)

to attribute

41

cifra (nf)

figure, number, amount

42

ocultar (v)

to hide

43

escala (nf)

scale, ladder, rank

44

enterar (v)

to find out [se]

45

procedimiento (nm)

procedure, proceedings

46

ajustar (v)

to adjust, tighten

47

fórmula (nf)

formula

48

ámbito (nm)

sphere, space

49

informe (nm)

report

50

dimensión (nf)

dimension, size

51

cliente (nc)

client, customer

52

manifestación (nf)

protest, manifestation

53

aspirar (v)

to aspire, want

54

pico (nm)

beak, peak; (y pico: and a bit)

55

sensibilidad (nf)

sensitivity

56

recurrir (v)

to resort to

57

múltiple (adj)

multiple, many

58

regreso (nm) [also retorno]

return

59

temperatura (nf)

temperature

60

julio (nm)

July

61

poderoso (adj)

powerful

62

digno (adj)

worthy

63

bomba (nf)

bomb, explosion, pump

64

órgano (nm)

organ

65

inútil (adj)

useless

66

avance (nm) [also adelanto]

advance, progress

67

humanidad (nf)

humanity, mankind

68

firma (nf)

company, signature, signing

69

soldado (nm/f)

soldier

70

sólido (adj)

solid, strong

71

firme (adj)

firm, steady

72

extremo (adj)

extreme (adj)

73

conforme (adj)

in agreement

74

esencial (adj)

essential

75

huir (v)

to flee, run away

76

percibir (v)

to notice [also notar]

77

clima (nm)

climate

78

emoción (nf)

emotion, excitement

79

automóvil (nm)

automobile

80

transcurrir (v)

to occur, take place

81

mal (nm)

evil (nm)

82

recomendar (v)

to recommend

83

habilidad (nf)

ability, skill, talent

84

identidad (nf)

identity

85

desgracia (nf)

misfortune, bad luck

86

corregir (v)

to correct, rectify

87

amarillo (adj)

yellow

88

consultar (v)

to consult

89

deber (nm)

duty, obligation (nm)

90

cola (nf)

line, queue, tail

91

padecer (v)

to suffer

92

progreso (nm)

progress

93

elaborar (v)

to make, develop

94

soñar (v)

to dream

95

muestra (nf)

proof, sample, sign

96

acostumbrado (adj)

accustomed

97

hábito (nm)

habit

98

gritar (v)

to shout

99

artístico (adj)

artistic

100

mecanismo (nm)

mechanism

101

vivienda (nf)

housing, dwelling

102

ocupado (adj)

busy, occupied

103

área (nf el)

area, zone (nf el)

104

traducir (v)

to translate

105

efectivamente (adv)

in fact, actually, indeed

106

interesado (adj)

interested

107

mezcla (nf)

mixture, blend

108

excesivo (adj)

excessive

109

sumar (v)

to add up, amount to

110

alimentar (v)

to feed, support

111

habitación (nf)

room, bedroom, habitat

112

instrucción (nf)

instruction

113

eliminar (v)

to eliminate, exclude

114

versión (nf)

version, account

115

lujo (nm)

luxury

116

intervención (nf)

intervention

117

llegada (nf)

arrival

118

alrededor (nm)

surrounding area, vicinity (nm)

119

testigo (nm)

witness

120

dominio (nm)

power, control

121

raza (nf)

race, lineage

122

renunciar (v)

to give up, renounce

123

descubrimiento (nm)

discovery

124

vacaciones (nf)

vacation

125

provincia (nf)

province, region

126

saber (nm)

knowledge (nm)

127

argentino (adj)

Argentine

128

cómodo (adj)

comfortable, convenient

129

acostumbrar (v) [also soler]

to be accustomed to

130

fácilmente (adv)

easily

131

claridad (nf)

clearness, clarity

132

negativo (adj)

negative, pessimistic

133

revisar (v)

to check, revise, inspect

134

carecer (v)

to be without

135

científico (adj)

scientific (adj)

136

arena (nf)

sand

137

postura (nf)

posture, position, attitude

138

salón (nm)

hall, room

139

escenario (nm)

stage, setting, scene

140

armado (adj)

armed

141

largo (nm)

length (nm)

142

prometer (v)

to promise

143

contento (adj)

happy, content

144

hotel (nm)

hotel

145

oficio (nm)

job, occupation, function

146

descender (v)

to descend

147

cubierto (adj)

covered

148

fila (nf)

line, row, file

149

patrón (nm)

employer, landlord, patron saint

150

pecho (nm)

chest, breast

151

tienda (nf)

shop, store, tent

152

típico (adj)

typical

153

protección (nf)

protection

154

funcionario (nm)

civil servant

155

reproducir (v)

to reproduce, repeat

156

constar (v)

to consist of, comprise

157

crítico (adj)

critical (adj)

158

transporte (nm)

transportation, transport

159

red (nf)

network, net, system

160

caída (nf)

fall, drop, falling

161

castellano (adj)

Castilian, Spanish

162

asociar (v)

to associate with

163

desconocer (v)

to not know, not recognize

164

valle (nm)

valley

165

fallar (v)

to fail, miss

166

vuelo (nm)

flight

167

vecino (adj)

nearby, neighboring (adj)

168

sexo (nm)

sex

169

iniciativa (nf)

initiative

170

increíble (adj)

incredible, unbelievable

171

concentración (nf)

concentration, gathering

172

grito (nm)

cry, shout, scream

173

esencia (nf)

essence

174

cocina (nf)

kitchen

175

mental (adj)

mental

176

reflejo (nm)

reflection (reflected image)

177

definición (nf)

definition

178

preocupado (adj)

worried, concerned

179

perdonar (v)

to forgive, excuse

180

obstante (adj)

no + obstante: nevertheless

181

abogado (nm/f)

lawyer

182

agradecer (v)

to thank for

183

admirar (v)

to admire

184

sesión (nf)

session, meeting

185

íntimo (adj)

close, intimate

186

reloj (nm)

clock, watch

187

estrecho (adj)

narrow

188

muchacho (nm) [also chico]

boy

189

octubre (nm)

October

190

exposición (nf)

exhibition, display

191

ingreso (nm)

entrance, admission, income

192

revelar (v)

to reveal, disclose

193

dibujo (nm)

drawing, sketch

194

frecuente (adj)

frequent

195

inevitable (adj)

inevitable, unavoidable

196

hueso (nm)

bone

197

ligero (adj)

light (in weight), slight

198

militar (nm)

soldier, military person (nm)

199

motor (nm)

engine, motor

200

oposición (nf)

opposition

201

patio (nm)

courtyard, playground, yard

202

fruta (nf)

fruit

203

ideal (nm)

ideal, goal (nm)

204

izquierdo (adj)

left (opposite of right)

205

ti (pron)

you (obj prep singular familiar)

206

actor (nm)

actor

207

confusión (nf)

confusion

208

bonito (adj)

pretty, nice

209

agregar (v)

to add, gather

210

corriente (adj)

current, common (adj)

211

traje (nm)

suit, dress, costume

212

exigencia (nf)

requirement, demand

213

víctima (nf)

victim, casualty

214

playa (nf)

beach, seaside

215

trabajador (nm/f) [also obrero]

worker, laborer (nm/f)

216

primario (adj)

primary

217

hierro (nm)

iron

218

ideal (adj)

ideal (adj)

219

completar (v)

to complete

220

tela (nf)

cloth, fabric

221

ancho (adj)

wide (adj)

222

producción (nf) [also elaboración]

production

223

febrero (nm)

February

224

símbolo (nm)

symbol

225

agradable (adj)

nice, pleasant

226

medicina (nf)

medicine

227

combatir (v)

to fight against

228

búsqueda (nf)

search

229

colectivo (adj)

collective, joint (adj)

230

tranquilidad (nf)

tranquility, peace

231

espejo (nm)

mirror, reflection

232

secreto (adj)

secret (adj)

233

comprensión (nf)

understanding (nf)

234

incapaz (adj)

incapable

235

cerebro (nm)

brain

236

satisfecho (adj)

satisfied

237

reducido (adj)

reduced, limited

238

tiro (nm)

throw, shot

239

aportar (v)

to provide, contribute

240

derivar (v)

to derive, come from

241

abuelo (nm)

grandfather

242

prohibir (v)

to prohibit, forbid

243

proporcionar (v)

to supply

244

maravilloso (adj)

wonderful, marvelous

245

saludar (v)

to greet, say hello

246

relacionar (v)

to relate

247

declaración (nf)

declaration, statement

248

relativo (adj)

relative (adj)

249

sujeto (nm)

subject, individual (nm)

250

investigar (v) [also indagar]

to investigate

251

ubicar (v)

to find, locate

252

enseñanza (nf)

teaching, instruction

253

musical (adj)

musical

254

permiso (nm)

permission, permit

255

evolución (nf)

evolution, development

256

tío (nm)

uncle, guy

257

moral (nf)

morals, ethics (nf)

258

redondo (adj)

round (adj)

259

modificar (v)

to modify

260

sujeto (adj)

fastened, subject to (adj)

261

parque (nm)

park

262

ingeniero (nm/f)

engineer

263

lavar (v)

to wash

264

borde (nm)

edge

265

invadir (v)

to invade, overcome

266

entusiasmo (nm)

enthusiasm

267

evidentemente (adv)

evidently, obviously

268

independencia (nf)

independence

269

mentira (nf)

lie

270

exclusivamente (adv)

exclusively

271

sueldo (nm)

salary, pay

272

desplazar (v)

to replace, move, shift

273

comparación (nf)

comparison

274

setenta (num)

seventy

275

romano (adj)

Roman

276

sagrado (adj)

sacred

277

seno (nm)

breast, bosom, cavity

278

adelantar (v)

to move forward

279

canto (nm)

singing, chant

280

potencia (nf)

power, potential

281

examinar (v)

to examine, inspect

282

oficial (nc)

official, officer (nc)

283

fortuna (nf)

fortune, fate

284

crimen (nm)

crime, murder

285

suave (adj)

soft, gentle, mild

286

opuesto (adj)

opposite, contrary

287

sustituir (v)

to substitute, replace

288

ciudadano (nm)

citizen (nm)

289

implicar (v)

to implicate, imply

290

baño (nm)

bathroom, bath, swim

291

sabio (adj)

wise, learned

292

ingresar (v)

to join, deposit, admit

293

respirar (v)

to breathe

294

caliente (adj)

hot, warm, spirited

295

reconocimiento (nm)

recognition, acknowledgment

296

exterior (nm)

exterior, outside (nm)

297

sexual (adj)

sexual

298

respectivo (adj)

respective

299

situado (adj)

situated, located

300

crédito (nm)

credit, reputation

301

alternativa (nf)

alternative

302

rodeado (adj)

surrounded

303

esconder (v)

to hide, conceal

304

cuando (adv)

when (adv)

305

canal (nm)

channel, canal

306

suficientemente (adv)

enough

307

agente (nc)

agent

308

pago (nm)

payment

309

filosofía (nf)

philosophy

310

alterar (v)

to alter, modify

311

lector (nm)

reader, lecturer

312

emitir (v)

to emit, give off

313

magnífico (adj)

magnificent, splendid

314

triunfo (nm)

triumph, victory

315

inclinar (v)

to bow, tilt, incline

316

campesino (adj)

rural

317

sábado (nm)

Saturday

318

amiga (nf)

friend (f)

319

carretera (nf)

highway, road

320

desprender (v)

to detach, release, remove

321

efectivo (adj) [also eficaz]

effective

322

victoria (nf)

victory, triumph

323

circular (v)

to circulate, go around, flow (v)

324

pelear (v)

to fight, struggle

325

pájaro (nm) [also ave]

bird

326

biblioteca (nf)

library

327

reflexión (nf)

reflection, thought

328

aplicado (adj)

applied

329

aconsejar (v)

to advise, counsel

330

vocación (nf)

vocation, calling

331

casado (adj)

married

332

continente (nm)

continent

333

severo (adj)

severe

334

tabla (nf)

chart, board, table, plank

335

justo (adj)

fair, just (adj)

336

ensayo (nm)

essay, rehearsal

337

plato (nm)

plate, dish

338

jardín (nm)

garden

339

imaginación (nf)

imagination, fantasy

340

precioso (adj)

beautiful, precious

341

probable (adj)

probable

342

poesía (nf)

poetry, poem

343

guardia (nc)

guard, watch, lookout

344

privilegio (nm)

privilege

345

monte (nm)

mountain (nm)

346

conmigo (pron)

with me

347

arrojar (v)

to throw (violently), to hurl [also lanzar]

348

precisión (nf)

precision

349

sacrificio (nm)

sacrifice

350

criticar (v)

to criticize

351

hundir (v)

to sink, submerge

352

hilo (nm)

thread, yarn, wire

353

entendido (adj)

understood

354

aparentemente (adv)

apparently

355

aparición (nf)

appearance, apparition

356

poema (nm)

poem

357

avanzado (adj)

advanced

358

curiosidad (nf)

curiosity, quaintness

359

afuera (adv)

outside

360

diente (nm)

tooth, cog

361

primo (nm)

cousin

362

encerrar (v)

to shut in

363

latino (adj)

Latin (adj)

364

apariencia (nf)

appearance, aspect

365

novedad (nf)

latest news, newness

366

espiritual (adj)

spiritual

367

limitado (adj)

limited

368

castigo (nm)

punishment, penalty

369

constantemente (adv)

constantly

370

denominar (v) [also llamar]

to call, name

371

vestido (adj)

dressed (adj)

372

carro (nm)

car, cart

373

eterno (adj)

eternal

374

aumento (nm)

increase, rise

375

pobreza (nf)

poverty, lack, scarcity

376

impulsar (v)

to push, promote, drive

377

caro (adj)

expensive, difficult, dear

378

empujar (v)

to push, shove

379

dólar (nm)

dollar

380

inicial (adj)

initial (adj)

381

local (nm)

place, quarters (nm)

382

dictar (v)

to dictate, announce

383

dulce (adj)

sweet (adj)

384

chocar (v)

to crash into, collide with

385

industria (nf)

industry, factory

386

caballero (nm)

gentleman, knight

387

especialista (nc)

specialist

388

temporada (nf)

season, period, time

389

divino (adj)

divine

390

humor (nm)

mood, humor

391

borrar (v)

to erase

392

nación (nf)

nation

393

felicidad (nf)

happiness

394

amante (nc)

lover

395

alejado (adj)

remote, distant, aloof

396

aguantar (v)

to endure, put up with

397

coger (v)

to hold, take, catch

398

cálculo (nm)

calculation, calculus

399

composición (nf)

composition, make-up, essay

400

rapidez (nf) [also velocidad]

speed, velocity

401

huevo (nm)

egg

402

elemental (adj)

elemental, basic

403

crecimiento (nm)

growth, increase

404

clave (nf)

key (nf)

405

golpear (v)

to hit, strike

406

tragedia (nf)

tragedy

407

colección (nf)

collection

408

chica (nf)

girl, female

409

prestigio (nm)

prestige

410

ascender (v)

to ascend, be promoted

411

sección (nf)

section, cut

412

complicar (v)

to complicate, make difficult

413

anciano (adj)

elderly, aged

414

fiel (adj)

faithful, loyal

415

roto (adj)

broken, torn

416

bolsa (nf)

bag, purse, stock exchange

417

cinta (nf)

tape, ribbon, film, strip

418

engañar (v)

to trick, deceive

419

elegante (adj)

elegant, smart, stylish

420

agotar (v)

to exhaust, wear out, run out

421

cuello (nm)

neck, collar

422

continuación (nf)

continuation, follow-up

423

abril (nm)

April

424

precisar (v)

to do exactly, specify

425

actuación (nf)

performance, acting

426

factor (nm)

factor, cause, influence

427

esquina (nf)

corner

428

hombro (nm)

shoulder

429

infancia (nf)

infancy, childhood

430

suspender (v)

to suspend, hang, fail

431

descanso (nm)

rest, interval, break

432

ampliar (v)

to enlarge, increase, expand

433

zapato (nm)

shoe

434

parecer (nm)

opinion, looks (nm)

435

familiar (nm)

relative (nm)

436

mérito (nm)

worth, merit

437

cultivar (v)

to cultivate, produce

438

oportuno (adj)

opportune, timely

439

explotar (v)

to explode, exploit

440

significativo (adj)

significant, meaningful

441

despedir (v)

to dismiss, to say goodbye to

442

suelto (adj)

loose

443

muro (nm)

outer wall, rampart

444

colaborar (v)

to collaborate, work together

445

a menudo (adv)

often

446

invertir (v)

to invest

447

montón (nm)

lot of, heap, pile

448

revolucionario (adj)

revolutionary

449

disco (nm)

disc, disk, record

450

indispensable (adj)

indispensable, essential

451

demanda (nf)

petition, request, demand

452

mundial (adj)

worldwide

453

mueble (nm)

piece of furniture

454

desastre (nm)

disaster

455

secreto (nm)

secret (nm)

456

oriental (adj)

eastern, oriental

457

regular (adj)

regular (adj)

458

angustia (nf)

anguish, distress

459

provenir (v)

to come from, be from

460

forzar (v)

to force

461

doméstico (adj)

domestic

462

nube (nf)

cloud

463

criar (v)

to bring up, rear

464

miseria (nf)

misery, wretchedness

465

personalmente (adv)

personally

466

peor (adj)

worse, worst (adj)

467

significado (nm)

meaning

468

fama (nf)

reputation, fame

469

palacio (nm)

palace

470

oído (nm)

hearing, ear

471

conveniente (adj)

convenient

472

polvo (nm)

dust, powder

473

confesar (v)

to confess, admit

474

mecánico (adj)

mechanical

475

sacerdote (nm)

priest

476

lentamente (adv)

slowly

477

eficaz (adj) [also efectivo]

effective

478

lección (nf)

lesson

479

rosa (nf)

rose

480

nocturno (adj)

nocturnal, evening

481

posiblemente (adv)

possibly

482

doblar (v)

to bend, turn

483

disminuir (v)

to decrease, diminish

484

averiguar (v)

to investigate, find out

485

sospechar (v)

to suspect, suppose

486

pasear (v)

to go for a walk, ride

487

olor (nm)

smell, odor, fragrance

488

radical (adj)

radical

489

decidido (adj)

determined, resolute

490

contrato (nm)

contract, agreement

491

presentación (nf)

presentation, introduction

492

cárcel (nf)

jail, prison

493

división (nf)

division

494

revés (nm)

al revés: backwards, upside down, inside out

495

sucio (adj)

dirty, filthy, underhanded

496

depositar (v)

to deposit, place, store

497

captar (v)

to capture, attract

498

cualidad (nf)

quality, attribute

499

empeñar (v)

to steam up

500

sobrevivir (v)

to survive, outlive