Spanish Frequency 5000 - 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spanish Frequency 5000 - 8 Deck (500):
1

auxilio (nm)

help, aid, assistance

2

estrechar (v)

to tighten, make closer

3

traspasar (v)

to go beyond, cross over

4

cobre (nm)

copper

5

imaginario (adj)

imaginary

6

brutal (adj)

brutal, savage

7

disperso (adj)

spread out

8

ingenuo (adj)

naive, ingenuous

9

anual (adj)

annual, yearly

10

intuición (nf)

intuition

11

invención (nf)

invention, contrivance

12

asimismo (adv)

as well, also, moreover

13

vena (nf)

vein

14

freno (nm)

brake

15

costoso (adj)

costly, expensive

16

repleto (adj)

full, overcrowded

17

consumar (v)

to complete, carry out

18

asaltar (v)

to assault

19

interrupción (nf)

interruption

20

condena (nf)

sentence in prison, penalty

21

inocencia (nf)

innocence

22

relieve (nm)

relief; (poner de relieve: to emphasize)

23

semejanza (nf)

similarity, likeness

24

cumbre (nf)

summit, top

25

diariamente (adv)

daily (adv)

26

colmo (nm)

climax; (para colmo: to top it all)

27

asombroso (adj)

amazing

28

administrador (nm/f)

administrator, manager

29

arrepentir (v)

to repent, regret

30

decreto (nm)

decree, order

31

exigente (adj)

demanding, urgent

32

ironía (nf)

irony

33

felicitar (v)

to congratulate

34

seña (nf)

sign, mark, seal

35

ritual (nm)

ritual, rite

36

apto (adj)

appropriate, fit, able

37

incierto (adj)

uncertain

38

espeso (adj)

thick, dense, stiff

39

presenciar (v)

to be present at, witness

40

escritorio (nm)

desk, bureau

41

solicitud (nf)

request, application

42

víspera (nf)

eve

43

insecto (nm)

insect

44

ridículo (nm)

ridicule (nm)

45

derrumbar (v)

to knock down, demolish

46

ira (nf)

rage, wrath

47

ceniza (nf)

ash

48

apasionado (adj)

passionate

49

monja (nf)

nun

50

abstracto (adj)

abstract

51

parto (nm)

birth

52

creativo (adj)

creative

53

autoritario (adj)

authoritarian

54

excesivamente (adv)

excessively

55

circuito (nm)

circuit, circumference, track

56

subterráneo (adj)

underground

57

oveja (nf)

sheep, ewe

58

dueña (nf)

landlady, owner (f)

59

dañar (v)

to damage

60

ubicación (nf)

position, location

61

feroz (adj)

ferocious, fierce

62

hacienda (nf)

ranch

63

antigüedad (nf)

antiquity, seniority

64

puño (nm)

fist, handle, cuff

65

excusa (nf)

excuse

66

asombrar (v)

to amaze, astound

67

trama (nf)

plot, theme

68

sistemático (adj)

systematic

69

inclusive (adv)

including, even

70

alteración (nf)

alteration, change

71

sumo (adj)

utmost, highest

72

eficiente (adj)

efficient

73

invisible (adj)

invisible

74

acusación (nf)

accusation, charge

75

sinceramente (adv)

sincerely

76

salvación (nf)

salvation, rescue

77

rebelde (adj)

rebel (adj)

78

fundador (nm)

founder

79

oscilar (v)

oscillate

80

privilegiado (adj)

privileged

81

recobrar (v)

to recover, regain

82

original (nm)

original (nm)

83

maquinaria (nf)

machinery

84

dominante (adj)

dominant, prevailing

85

vaciar (v)

to empty, pour out

86

tortura (nf)

torture

87

humano (nm)

human (nm)

88

insistencia (nf)

insistence, persistence

89

morder (v)

to bite

90

atrapar (v)

to trap, catch

91

tibio (adj)

lukewarm

92

amanecer (v)

to dawn, get light (v)

93

sospechoso (adj)

suspicious

94

sobrino (nm)

nephew

95

recitar (v)

to recite

96

explorar (v)

to explore

97

fabuloso (adj)

fabulous, fantastic

98

embarcar (v)

to embark, load

99

aguardar (v)

to wait for, await

100

apunte (nm)

note, annotation

101

antepasado (nm)

ancestor

102

antemano (adv)

beforehand, in advance

103

parir (v)

to give birth

104

refugiar (v)

to take shelter, give refuge

105

sillón (nm)

armchair, seat

106

denso (adj)

heavy, dense, thick

107

colectivo (nm)

collective, group (nm)

108

dieta (nf)

diet

109

teniente (nm)

lieutenant, deputy mayor

110

polo (nm)

pole, polo, polo shirt

111

verificar (v)

to verify

112

agrícola (adj)

agricultural, farming

113

abismo (nm)

abyss, large gap

114

algodón (nm)

cotton

115

harina (nf)

flour

116

exactitud (nf)

accuracy

117

extinguir (v)

to extinguish, put out

118

provecho (nm)

benefit, use

119

mensual (adj)

monthly

120

agradar (v)

to please

121

sobrepasar (v)

excel, out perform

122

prudencia (nf)

prudence, moderation

123

insulto (nm)

insult

124

narrar (v)

to narrate, tell

125

flujo (nm)

flow, tide, discharge

126

aguja (nf)

needle, spire, stylus

127

planteamiento (nm)

proposal, exposition

128

simultáneamente (adv)

simultaneously

129

florecer (v)

to flower, bloom, flourish

130

torpe (adj)

clumsy, awkward, slow

131

cortina (nf)

curtain, screen

132

acarrear (v)

to bring up, entail

133

liso (adj)

smooth, flat, straight

134

asustado (adj)

scared, frightened

135

profundizar (v)

to deepen, analyze in depth

136

apostar (v)

to wager, bet

137

propicio (adj)

appropriate, suitable

138

reproducción (nf)

reproduction

139

expansión (nf)

expansion, spreading

140

umbral (nm)

threshold, outset

141

alusión (nf)

allusion, hint

142

descenso (nm)

decline, descent, lowering

143

clasificar (v)

to classify, sort, file

144

recortar (v)

to trim, cut off, clip

145

dicho (adj)

aforementioned, said (adj)

146

ambiguo (adj)

ambiguous

147

océano (nm)

ocean

148

proposición (nf)

proposition

149

absurdo (nm)

absurdity, nonsense

150

parada (nf)

transportation stop

151

encantador (adj)

charming

152

deslizar (v)

to slide, glide, slip

153

estirar (v)

to stretch, strain

154

respetuoso (adj)

respectful

155

africano (adj)

African

156

titular (nm)

headline, holder (nm)

157

calendario (nm)

calendar

158

interlocutor (nm)

participant in a dialog

159

abusar (v)

to abuse

160

complementar (v)

to complement, supplement

161

disgusto (nm)

disgust, annoyance

162

conservación (nf)

conservation

163

revivir (v)

to revive

164

elaboración (nf) [also producción]

production

165

conmover (v)

to move, affect

166

correo (nm)

mail, post office

167

circo (nm)

circus

168

adversario (nm)

adversary

169

cubierta (nf)

covering, top, lid

170

aniversario (nm)

anniversary

171

franja (nf)

strip, stripe, fringe

172

charlar (v)

to chat, talk

173

pila (nf)

baptismal font, battery, heap

174

flaco (adj)

thin, frail

175

biológico (adj)

biological

176

equivaler (v)

to be equivalent, tantamount to

177

fomentar (v)

to foster, promote, encourage

178

goma (nf)

rubber

179

enormemente (adv)

enormously

180

ancho (nm)

width (nm)

181

emocional (adj)

emotional

182

diplomático (adj)

diplomatic (adj)

183

uva (nf)

grape

184

ética (nf)

ethics

185

inscripción (nf)

inscription, registration

186

progresivo (adj)

progressive

187

reanudar (v)

to renew, resume

188

adquisición (nf)

acquisition

189

mudar (v)

to move, change

190

glorioso (adj)

glorious

191

sentir (nm)

feeling (nm)

192

turco (adj)

Turkish

193

prescindir (v)

to do without

194

renuncia (nf)

resignation, renunciation

195

préstamo (nm)

loan, borrowing

196

poblado (adj)

populated

197

besar (v)

to kiss

198

impreso (adj)

printed

199

dedicación (nf)

dedication, devotion

200

instituto (nm)

institute

201

paloma (nf)

dove

202

resaltar (v)

to emphasize

203

devoción (nf)

devotion

204

inverso (adj)

inverse, opposite

205

intercambiar (v)

to exchange

206

consolar (v)

to console

207

descomponer (v)

to decompose, break down

208

enfocar (v)

to focus

209

espina (nf)

thorn, spine

210

aprobación (nf)

approval, consent

211

fachada (nf)

front of a building

212

funcional (adj)

functional

213

jugo (nm)

juice

214

traicionar (v)

to betray

215

discípulo (nm)

disciple

216

coronel (nm)

colonel

217

orgánico (adj)

organic

218

modificación (nf)

modification, alteration

219

acumulación (nf)

accumulation

220

comparable (adj)

comparable

221

mantenimiento (nm)

maintenance, sustenance

222

marginal (adj)

marginal, minor

223

pardo (adj)

brown, dark, dim

224

cabecera (nf)

head, header

225

revelación (nf)

revelation

226

peseta (nf)

peseta (money)

227

cuna (nf)

cradle, birth, lineage

228

tendido (adj)

spread, hung, laid out

229

horizontal (adj)

horizontal

230

ácido (nm)

acid

231

incapacidad (nf)

inability, incompetence

232

villa (nf)

village, town

233

lecho (nm)

bed

234

alquiler (nm)

rent, rental

235

contrastar (v)

to contrast

236

redacción (nf)

editing, wording, essay

237

ficha (nf)

index card, chip, token

238

penoso (adj)

painful, laborious

239

inseguridad (nf)

insecurity

240

coma (nmf)

comma (f), coma (m)

241

desenvolver (v)

to unwrap

242

agricultura (nf)

agriculture, farming

243

naturalidad (nf)

ease, spontaneity

244

serenidad (nf)

serenity, calm

245

preferido (adj)

preferred, favorite

246

pistola (nf)

gun, pistol

247

interrogar (v)

to question, interrogate

248

insignificante (adj)

insignificant

249

subsistir (v)

to subsist, survive

250

diputado (nm)

deputy, member

251

literalmente (adv)

literally

252

duelo (nm)

grief, affliction

253

revolver (v)

to stir, to make upset, to rummage through

254

frecuentemente (adv)

frequently, often

255

retornar (v) [also devolver]

to return, give back

256

comandante (nm)

commander, commanding officer

257

preso (adj)

imprisoned, confined (adj)

258

ópera (nf)

opera

259

réplica (nf)

answer, retort, copy

260

fuertemente (adv)

strongly

261

global (adj)

global, overall

262

alquilar (v) [also arrendar]

to rent, hire

263

pulso (nm)

pulse, pulsation

264

radicar (v)

to lie, be situated

265

explotación (nf)

exploitation, cultivation

266

bestia (nf)

beast, brute

267

mojar (v)

to make wet, dampen

268

abrazo (nm)

hug, embrace

269

asalto (nm)

assault, robbery

270

reposo (nm)

rest, peace

271

lámina (nf)

sheet of metal

272

pasta (nf)

pasta, dough

273

derribar (v)

to knock down, to demolish

274

oral (adj)

oral

275

polémica (nf)

polemics, argument

276

parcial (adj)

partial, biased

277

chocolate (nm)

chocolate

278

generosidad (nf)

generosity

279

masivo (adj)

mass, massive

280

sobresalir (v)

to stand out, excel

281

realismo (nm)

realism

282

filtrar (v)

to seep, filter

283

desierto (adj)

deserted, desolate (adj)

284

acorde (nm)

agreement, accord

285

sugerencia (nf)

suggestion

286

cumpleaños (nm)

birthday

287

ronda (nf)

round (nf)

288

movilizar (v)

to mobilize

289

capilla (nf)

chapel

290

enteramente (adv)

completely, entirely

291

apelar (v)

to call upon, appeal to

292

expediente (nm)

dossier, proceedings

293

tolerancia (nf)

tolerance

294

entusiasmar (v)

to fill with enthusiasm, excite

295

educativo (adj)

educational

296

sopa (nf)

soup

297

rival (nc)

rival

298

ternura (nf)

tenderness

299

variante (nf)

variant, difference

300

coser (v)

to sew

301

molde (nm)

mold, cast, pattern

302

vigente (adj)

in force, valid

303

espectro (nm)

ghost, specter

304

saludable (adj) [also sano]

healthy, wholesome

305

recorte (nm)

clipping, cutting, trimming

306

reglamento (nm)

regulations, rules

307

apretado (adj)

tight, jammed

308

vitalidad (nf)

vitality, health

309

cuidadosamente (adv)

carefully

310

adaptación (nf)

adaptation

311

etiqueta (nf)

label, etiquette

312

obviamente (adv)

obviously

313

muralla (nf)

city wall

314

desaparecido (adj)

missing

315

represión (nf)

repression

316

reducción (nf)

reduction

317

difusión (nf)

spread, diffusion

318

pésimo (adj)

dreadful, awful

319

encargo (nm)

job, order, errand

320

madurar (v)

to mature, ripen

321

almorzar (v)

to have lunch

322

oeste (nm)

West

323

albergar (v)

to lodge, harbor

324

complacer (v)

to please, satisfy

325

pescador (nm/f)

fisherman

326

diagnóstico (nm)

diagnosis

327

cuadra (nf)

city block

328

remover (v)

to remove

329

pecar (v)

to sin

330

rienda (nf)

rein, restraint

331

crueldad (nf)

cruelty, harshness

332

acontecer (v)

to happen, come about

333

ansia (nf el)

anxiety, anguish

334

cúpula (nf)

cupola, dome

335

desbordar (v)

to overflow, spill over

336

llama (nf)

flame, llama

337

alegar (v)

to plead, argue

338

vegetación (nf)

vegetation

339

lema (nm)

motto, slogan

340

encarar (v)

to front, confront

341

bote (nm)

small boat

342

solar (adj)

solar

343

inevitablemente (adv)

inevitably

344

perfume (nm)

perfume

345

central (nf)

headquarters (nf)

346

egoísta (adj)

selfish

347

pertenencia (nf)

membership, property

348

exótico (adj)

exotic

349

tranquilizar (v)

to calm down

350

casita (nf)

cottage

351

emigrar (v)

to emigrate

352

alianza (nf)

alliance

353

físicamente (adv)

physically

354

fascinante (adj)

fascinating

355

áspero (adj)

rough, coarse, harsh

356

desechar (v)

to throw out

357

ratón (nm)

mouse, rat

358

hazaña (nf)

deed, heroic feat

359

dureza (nf)

hardness, toughness

360

sábana (nf)

bed sheet

361

revisión (nf)

checking revision

362

retirada (nf)

retreat, withdrawal

363

básicamente (adv)

basically

364

aroma (nm)

aroma

365

optimismo (nm)

optimism

366

mate (nm)

mate (beverage)

367

lujoso (adj)

luxurious

368

evento (nm)

event

369

físico (nm/f)

physicist (nm/f)

370

estrenar (v)

to use for the first time, debut

371

pasto (nm)

grass, pasture

372

hostil (adj)

hostile, unfriendly

373

gallo (nm)

rooster

374

tropical (adj)

tropical

375

rendimiento (nm)

yield, output, efficiency

376

lentitud (nf)

slowness

377

aula (nf el)

classroom

378

incitar (v)

to incite

379

franco (adj)

open, frank, outspoken

380

inédito (adj)

unpublished

381

uniforme (adj)

uniform (adj)

382

himno (nm)

hymn, anthem

383

sindicato (nm)

trade union

384

mariposa (nf)

butterfly, wing nut

385

propiciar (v)

to favor, foster, aid

386

fidelidad (nf)

faithfulness, accuracy

387

retraso (nm)

delay

388

desplazamiento (nm)

movement, removal

389

cuestionar (v)

to question

390

integrante (adj)

integral, part of a group

391

lingüístico (adj)

linguistic

392

compatriota (nc)

fellow countryman

393

mexicano (adj)

Mexican

394

fundir (v)

to melt, cast, smelt

395

localidad (nf)

town, locality

396

reprimir (v)

to repress

397

autorizado (adj)

authorized

398

leal (adj)

loyal, faithful

399

lobo (nm)

wolf

400

asamblea (nf)

assembly

401

pañuelo (nm)

handkerchief, shawl

402

meditar (v)

to meditate, ponder

403

temblor (nm)

tremor, shudder, shiver

404

gira (nf)

tour

405

manto (nm)

cloak

406

cubano (adj)

Cuban

407

asombro (nm)

amazement, astonishment

408

gobernador (nm)

governor

409

amplitud (nf)

breadth, extent, range

410

carbón (nm)

coal, charcoal

411

campamento (nm)

camp, camping

412

sangriento (adj)

bloody

413

matemático (adj)

mathematical

414

portugués (adj)

Portuguese

415

intensamente (adv)

intensely

416

suavemente (adv)

softly

417

excursión (nf)

excursion

418

predicar (v)

to preach

419

encarnar (v)

to embody

420

lamentablemente (adv)

regrettably

421

tomate (nm)

tomato

422

negociar (v)

to negotiate, deal with

423

cinturón (nm)

belt

424

estático (adj)

static, motionless

425

antaño (adv)

in days gone by, last year

426

bulto (nm)

bulk, shape

427

adónde (adv)

to where?

428

vocabulario (nm)

vocabulary

429

especulación (nf)

speculation, conjecture

430

manual (nm)

manual, handbook (nm)

431

representativo (adj)

representative (adj)

432

honrar (v)

to honor

433

disparo (nm)

shot, discharge

434

desencadenar (v)

to unleash, unchain

435

residuo (nm)

residue, waste

436

vanidad (nf)

vanity, conceit

437

ofender (v)

to offend

438

renovación (nf)

renewal, renovation

439

enfriar (v)

to cool

440

furioso (adj)

furious

441

estudioso (adj)

studious

442

ilustrar (v)

to illustrate

443

ratificar (v)

to ratify

444

peste (nf)

plague, pestilence, pest

445

expedición (nf)

expedition

446

destrozar (v)

to rip/break into pieces

447

vasco (adj)

Basque

448

simular (v)

to pretend, simulate

449

complementario (adj)

additional, complementary

450

mecánica (nf)

mechanics, mechanism

451

electricidad (nf)

electricity

452

insólito (adj)

unusual, uncommon

453

temeroso (adj)

fearful

454

extraordinariamente (adv)

extraordinarily

455

ascensor (nm)

elevator

456

bicicleta (nf)

bicycle

457

consagrado (adj)

dedicated, consecrated

458

aporte (nm)

contribution (nm)

459

despierto (adj)

awake

460

beca (nf)

scholarship, grant

461

consentir (v)

to consent to, pamper

462

trigo (nm)

wheat

463

paralizar (v)

to paralyze

464

disipar (v)

to dissipate, disperse

465

incrementar (v) [also aumentar]

to increase

466

plataforma (nf)

platform, springboard

467

maestra (nf)

teacher (f)

468

clínica (nf)

clinic

469

heredero (nm)

heir, heiress

470

embarazada (adj)

pregnant

471

estadio (nm)

stadium

472

latinoamericano (adj)

Latin American

473

tecnológico (adj)

technological

474

desfile (nm)

parade, line, formation

475

buque (nm)

large ship

476

parentesco (nm)

kinship

477

fallo (nm)

mistake, blunder, fault

478

rebeldía (nf)

rebelliousness, defiance

479

desigual (adj)

unequal, uneven, irregular

480

corrección (nf)

correction, amendment

481

chispa (nf)

spark

482

virgen (nf)

virgin (nf)

483

reprochar (v)

to reproach

484

supervivencia (nf)

survival

485

caridad (nf)

charity

486

alumbrar (v)

to light, illuminate

487

comunión (nf)

communion

488

embajador (nm/f)

ambassador

489

tercio (nm)

third (one-third)

490

iluminación (nf)

illumination, lighting

491

censura (nf)

censorship, criticism

492

disputa (nf)

dispute, argument, quarrel

493

esplendor (nm)

splendor

494

inscribir (v) [also registrar]

to register, record

495

perjuicio (nm)

damage, loss

496

medalla (nf)

medal, medallion

497

lealtad (nf)

loyalty, faithfulness

498

divorcio (nm)

divorce

499

dotar (v)

to endow, bestow

500

enfoque (nm)

focus, approach