Flashcards in Spot Test Deck (104)
What are the two kinds of fibrous joints?
Sutures and fibrous sheets
What are sutures?
Joints between the skull bones
What are fibrous sheets? give an example
syndesmoses eg interosseous membrane between the radius and ulna
What are the two kinds of cartilaginous joints?
Primary and secondary
What are primary cartilaginous joints? Give and example:
Bones are connected by hyaline cartilage and may ossify eg epiphyseal growth plate
What are secondary cartilaginous joints? Give an example:
Fibrocartilage between bones eg invertebral discs
What are the main bones of the skull?
Frontal, parietal, sphenoid, temporal and occipital
What is the head of the femur?
What is the neck of the femur?
What are the five subtypes of synovial joint?
Pivot (>45 degree), plane, ball and socket, hinge, biaxial
What is subluxation?
Reduced area of contact between articular surfaces
What is dislocation?
Complete loss of contact between articular surfaces
What are the TMJs?
Mandibular fossa and the articular tubercle of temporal bone superiorly & (head of condylar process of the madible inferioirly
What is the special feature of the TMJ?
What is the structure of bone?
Outer cortex and inner medulla
What is the outer layer of the bone called?
Periosteum (very painful in fractures)
What are the 3 fossae of the cranial cavity?
anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossa
What bone has no articulations?
What is the pectoral girdle?
Bones of the shoulder that attache upper limb to axial skeleton
What is the hole that passes through base of skull?
What are the bones of the facial skeleton?
Nasal (left and right), zygomatic bone (left and right- cheek bone), maxilla (left and right), mandible
How many cervical vertebrae are there?
How many thoracic vertebrae are there?
How many lumbar vertebrae are there?
How many scral vertebrae fused to scrum are there?
How many coccygeal vertebrae are there fused to coccyx?
When can the intervertebral foramen be seen?
What is the first palpable spinous process?
C7 (vertebrae prominens)
How many pairs of ribs are there?