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Flashcards in Spring 2 Deck (29)
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1

Otoliths and what they do

is a calcium carbonate structure in the saccule or utricle of the inner ear

otoliths are used as gravity, balance, movement, and directional indicators in all vertebrates

2

Why you can’t taste the sugar with a dry tongue

the chemicals from the sugar need to be dissolved in saliva in order for the taste receptors to detect them.

3

What is the name for the passageway between the throat and the tympanic membrane cavity

eustachian  (auditory) tube

4

Hormones released by the posterior pituitary

  • Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin
    • target is nephrons of the kidneys
    • helps control the balance of water in the body by causing the kidneys to reabsorb water
  • oxytocin.
    • stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and milk ejection during breastfeeding.

5

Hormones released by the anterior pituitary and what they do

  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
    • stimulates normal development and secretory activity of the thyroid gland.
  • Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
    • stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones
    • glucocorticoids that help the body to resist stressors
  • Growth hormone [also known as hGH or GH]
    • Also known as somatotropin
    • major targets of growth are bones and skeletal muscle

6

Hormones produced by thyroid

triiodothyronine
thyroxine

 

7

Collective name of hormones produced by adrenal cortex

corticosteroids

8

Hormones produced by adrenal medulla

Epinephrine

Norepinephrine

9

Why the pancreas is important after sugary snack (which hormone and what does it do)

the pancreas produces hormones (Insulin) that help regulate blood glucose level

10

Hyperinsulinism and how it’s treated

  • hyperinsulinism refers to an above normal level of insulin in the blood
  • an iv glucose infusion can treat rapidly
  •  long-term medications 
    • Diazoxide
    • octreotide
    • nifedipine

11

Name the cell

Erythrocyte 

12

Name what the lines are pointing to.

Platelets

13

Name the cell to the right of the arrow

Lymphocytes

14

Name the cell directly below the arrow

Eosinophil

15

Name the cell

Basophil

16

Name the cell above the arrow

Neutrophils

17

Name the cell below the arrow

Monocytes 

18

Name this blood disease

Sickle Cell Anemia

19

Name the disease

Leukemia 

20

Name the image

Pancreatic Islet 

21

What are Pancreatic islets and what is made there

  • Hormones produced in the pancreatic islet

  • are tiny clusters of cells scattered throughout the pancreas

  • contain several types of cells, including beta cells, that produce the hormone insulin

22

A+ has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • A antigens on the cell
  • B antibodies around the cell
  • Rh antigens on the cell
  • A+, AB+

  • A+, A-, O+, O-

23

A- has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • A antigens on the cell 
  • B antibodies to cell
  • no Rh antigens
  • A-, A+, AB-, AB+
  • A-, O-

24

B+ has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • B antigens on the cell
  • A antibodies around the cell
  • Rh antigens on the cell
  • B+, AB+

  • B+, B-, O+, O-

25

B- has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • B antigens on the cell
  • A antibodies around the cell
  • no Rh antigens 
  • B-, B+, AB-, AB+

  • B-, O-

26

AB+ has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  •  A and B antigens on the cell
  • no antibodies
  • Rh antigens 
  • AB+ Only

  • All blood types

27

AB- has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • A and B antigens. 
  • no antibiodies
  • no Rh antigens
  • AB-, AB+

  • AB-, A-, B-, O-

28

O+ has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  •  A nor B antigens.

  • no antibodies

  • Rh antigens

  • O+, A+, B+, AB+

  • O+, O-

29

O- has what antibodies and antigens? Who can receive this blood type? What types can receive it?

  • No antigens

  • No antibodies

  • no Rh antigens

  • All blood types

  • O- only