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Flashcards in S.S UNIT 1 Deck (25)
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1

Climate

The average weather conditions for a region over an extended period of time.

2

Weather

The conditions in the atmosphere at a particular time in a particular place.

3

5 types of weather

Precipitation Wind speed and direction
Temperature Visibility (clear/cloudy)
Humidity

4

Geography

The study of the environment and how it affects humans.

5

Enviroment

The Earth’s climate, topography (shape of the land), and natural resources

6

Migration

the movement of people (or animals) from one region to another

7

Hunter-gatherers

people who live by hunting animals and gathering wild plants

8

nomads

people who move from place to place – hunter-gatherers were nomads

9

glacier

a large, moving sheet of ice (grew very large during the Ice Age)

10

ice age

a geological period of long, continuous cold temperatures, causing glaciers to form and the polar ice caps to grow toward the Equator

11

beringia

the land bridge connecting the NE tip of Asia (Siberia) with the NW tip of Alaska, named after the Bering Strait, which became dry land.

12

paleo indians

the first Americans, who crossed over the land bridge between 38,000 and 10,000 BC during the last Ice Age.

13

culture

A people’s way of life

14

types of culture

Language
Customs & traditions
Economy and jobs
Government and laws
Beliefs, Values, Religion
Education
The arts, architecture, recreation (e.g., sports)

15

society

A group of people who share the same culture

16

domestication

the process of breeding plants or animals to meet human needs

17

why is domestication better than hunter gatherers?
What are its advantages

With farming as a source of food, people could settle in one place & have a more reliable food supply
Now, societies had more time for activities other than food gathering

18

civilization

a complex society, one with job specialization as well as a high level of culture

19

surplus

more than what is needed

20

diversity

difference or variety

21

Adapt

to change/modify behavior in order to fit in with your environment

22

Revolution

A revolution is a massive, dramatic change in people’s lives [slow, gradual change is called evolution]

23

Neolithic revolution

The Neolithic Revolution was the human discovery of domestication of plants and animals. It is considered a revolution because it dramatically changed the lives of early humans.

24

Advantages of the Neolithic revolution? Name 2

Permanent settlements/safer shelter
Food surpluses
Population growth
More free time to experiment, invent (e.g., medical advances)
Job specialization
Develop trade; more complex economy
Can create laws, rules to make life safer and more secure
Social classes develop
Promotes civilization

25

Disadvantages of Neolithic revolution? Name 2

Crops could die if there is are bad growing conditions, e.g., drought
Animals in captivity can get disease
Vulnerable to attack if in one place
Don’t know how to defend themselves, because don’t have hunting/weapons skills, so war more likely
People need to change/adapt/learn new things
Permanent houses are harder to replace if destroyed
Higher population means more lives to feed
Conflict due to slavery, class differences, etc.
Group less connected to one another