What is felt stigma?
Loss of self-esteem, fear of rejection, withdrawal, depression, anxiety, suicide
What is enacted stigma?
The reactions of others e.g. pity, disgust, denigration, mockery, bullying, shunning
What is discrediting stigma?
Obvious and visible - cannot be hidden
E.g. Paraplegia, poor dentition, obesity, baldness, facial disfigurement
What is discreditable stigma?
Known to sufferer and a few others
E.g. Mastectomy, psoriasis, HIV positive, orchidectomy, mental illness
What are the psycho-social effects of stigmatisation?
socially (making friends, developing relationships, success in job interviews)
at times of change (new job, new school, moving house)