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What term is used as an overall term that covers a range of strength from zero to fair in non weight-bearing muscles but also includes fair+ in weight-bearing muscles?



What is the difference between contracture and shortness?

Contracture is a MARKED loss ROM; shortness is a slight to moderated loss of ROM

(Kendall et al. P 17)


What happens if a patient inclines the body backward during a seated QUADRICEPS FEMORIS manual muscle test?

It may be evidence of an attempt to release hamstring tension.
The TFL exerts a stronger pull if the hip is extended.
If the rectus femoris is the stronger part of the quadriceps, the patient will lean backward. (Kendall, 421)