Flashcards in Stress Psychology: Personality Factors and Stress Deck (10):
Define Type A personality
The Type A behavioural pattern is characterized by constant time pressure, competitiveness in work and social situations and anger.
Who did a study on Type A personality?
Friedman and Rosenman
What did Friedman and Rosenman do?
They got 3000 men aged 39 to 59 and examined them for CHD and their personalities were assessed using a structured interview.
What did Friedman and Rosenman find?
They found that Type A had double the chance of getting heart attacks (12.8%).
What did Raglan and Brand do in reference to the Friedman and Rosenman study?
They did a followup study and found that 15% of the men had died of CHD. They found that there was no relationship between Type A behaviour and mortality.
What did Myrtek do in reference to the Friedman and Rosenman study?
They carried out a meta-analysis of 35 studies on this topic. They found a link between CHD and a component of Type A personality - hostility. Other than this there was no evidence of association between Type A personality and CHD.
Define hardly personality
Provides defences against the negative effects of stress
Control Commitment and Challenge.
Name a study done to research hardy personality
What did Kobasa do?
Kobasa used the SRRS scale on 800 businessmen.