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Flashcards in Stretching Deck (11)
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1

Flexibility

is the ability to move a single joint or series of joints smoothly and easily through an unrestricted, pain-free ROM

2

Dynamic

active mobility or active ROM, is the degree to which an active muscle contraction moves a body segment

3

Passive

passive mobility or passive ROM, is the degree to which a joint can be passively moved.

4

Hypomobility

refers to the decrease or restricted motion

5

Contracture

the adaptive shortening of the muscle-tendon unit and other soft tissue that cross or surround a joint that results in significant resistance to passive or active stretch and limitation of ROM and it may compromise functional abilities.

6

Golgi Tendon Organ

is a sensory organ located near the musculotendinous junctures of muscle fibers. They function to monitor changes in tension of muscle-tendon units.

7

Elastic range/linear phase

This occurs when tissue is taken to the end of its ROM, and gentile stretch is applied. There is complete recovery to original size and shape when load is released

8

Elastic limit

The point beyond which the tissue does not return to its original shape and size

9

Plastic range

The range beyond the elastic limit extending to the point of rupture. Tissue strained in this range has permanent deformation when the stress is released

10

Failure

Rupture of the integrity of the tissue

11

Creep

When a load is applied for an extended period of time, the tissue enlongates, resulting in permanent deformation….it is therefore time-dependent. Complete recovery from creep may occur over time