Strong Acids & Bases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Strong Acids & Bases Deck (31)
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1

Hydrochloric Acid

HCl

2

Hydrobromic Acid

HBr

3

Hydroiodic Acid

HI

4

Nitric Acid

HNO3

5

Chloric Acid

HClO3

6

Perchloroic Acid

HClO4

7

Sulfuric Acid

H2SO4

8

Hydronium Ion

H3O+

9

Lithium Hydroxide Base

LiOH

10

Sodium Hydroxide Base

NaOH

11

Potassium Hydroxide

KOH

12

Calcium Hydroxide Base

Ca(OH)2 (slightly soluble)

13

Barium Hydroxide Base

Ba(OH)2

14

Strontium Hydroxide Base

Sr(OH)2

15

Acid Strength

Inversely Proportional to bond dissociation energy

Increase left to right

Increases top to bottom

Directly proportional to anion radius (larger = stronger Acid)

16

Magnesium Hydroxide Base

Mg(OH)2

17

Cations

Acidic

18

Anions

Bases, basic

19

Neutral Salt

Strong acid and Base

20

Basic salt

Weak acid and strong base

21

Acidic Salt

Strong acid and weak base

22

Arrhenius Theory

Acid forms H- in water and base forms OH- in water

23

Bronsted Lowry Acid

Proton donor

Must have removable (acidic) proton

24

Bronsted Lowry Base

Proton acceptor

Must have a pair of non bonding electrons (lone pairs)

25

Lewis Acids

Electron-pair acceptors
Any atoms with empty valence orbital

26

Lewis Bases

Electron pair donors

Anything that could be bronsted Lowry Base

Can interact with things other than protons

27

pH

pH= -log [H3O+]

28

[H3O+]

= 10^ (-pH)

29

Percent Ionization (5% Rule)

[H3O+]eq
————— (100)
[HA]i

30

Strongest Ion Dipole Forces

Ion dipole
Dipole dipole
Ion induced
Dipole induced
Dispersion

31

First Law of Thermodynamics

Delta E =q + w
No work w= 0
Heat received +q
work done BY system -w