Structural Techniques Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Structural Techniques Deck (21):
1

Chronological order

Events being told in the order they happened in

2

Non chronological order

Events being told in a different order to how they
happened

3

Sequence or progression
of events

The order in which things are narrated or described

4

Flashbacks

A section when we suddenly ‘go back in time’ and
experience something that has already happened,
as if it’s in the present (different to a character just
remembering something)

5

First person

The writer includes themselves in what they are
saying (e.g. I, we, us)

6

Second person

The writer speaks directly to the reader or to
someone else (e.g. you)

7

Third person

The writer tells the reader about other people, from a
distance (e.g. he, she, it, they)

8

Past tense

Narrating things that have already happened (e.g. I
played football yesterday)

9

Present tense

Narrating things that are happening at the moment
(e.g. I am playing football at the moment)

10

Future tense

Narrating things that will happen at a future point
(e.g. I will play football tomorrow)

11

Direct speech/ dialogue

Speech written down word for word, in speech
marks

12

Juxtaposition

Two opposite or very different things placed near
each other for effect

13

Paragraph

A section of text that focuses on one main idea (they
can be different lengths, from whole pages down to
just one line)

14

Sentence form

Simple, compound, complex and minor (one-word)

15

Time word/phrases

Words or phrases that relate to what time it is, or
how time is passing

16

Change in mood

When a different mood or atmosphere is introduced

17

Change in focus

When the subject/ topic being written about changes
(e.g. it was about the football match, but now it’s
about sausage rolls afterwards)

18

Change in perspective

When the viewpoint from which it is being
considered changes (e.g. it was from the
protagonist’s viewpoint, but now it’s from their best
friend’s viewpoint)

19

Cyclical structure

When a text begins and ends with the same idea/
language/ event/ situation

20

Repetition

When words, phrases, sentences or ideas are
repeated throughout a text

21

Withholding information

When something is kept a secret from the reader, at
least for a while