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Flashcards in Structure Of Human Body Deck (15):
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The structure of the human body fall into 4 categories

Cells, tissues, organs, system

1

Cell membrane

Forms the boundary of the cell; surrounds and protects the individual cell

2

Cytoplasm

Makes up the body of the cell

3

Nucleus

Small, round structure in the center of the cell containing chromosomes and nucleoplasm,
DNA [deoxyribonucleic acid] and RNA [ribonucleic acid]

4

Chromosomes

Located in the nucleus of the cell; they contain genes determining hereditary characteristics

5

Muscle tissue

Produces movement

6

Nerve tissue

Conducts impulses to and from the brain

7

Connective tissue

Connects and supports various body structures: adipose(fat) and osseous (bone).
Divided into 4 general groups, connective tissue proper, cartilage, bone, and blood

8

Epithelial tissue

Found in the skin, lining of the blood vessel, respiratory, intestinal, urinary tracts, mad other body systems

9

Skin is an organ compose

Epithelial , connective, and nerve tissue

10

Nervous system made up

Brain, spinal cord, and nerves. Its function is to coordinate and control other body parts

11

Cytology

Study of cells including formation, structure, and function of cells

12

RNA ( Ribonucleic acid)

contained within the nucleus, is transcribed from DNA by enzymes and plays a crucial role in protein synthesis

13

Gene

Specific segment of base pairs in chromosomes; functional unit of hereditary

14

Mitosis

Cells divide and multiply to form two cells