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Flashcards in Studio Quiz Deck (30)
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1

used to view a subject in great detail. When of a person, it typically shows the head and shoulders

close-up

2

used to achieve a dramatic effect, to create a feeling of intimacy, or show an object in minute detail. When of a person just the face or a portion of it is shone

extreme close-up

3

used to view a subject from a comfortable distance. When of a person, usually waist to head is shown. This shot is most commonly used on news or talk shows

medium shot

4

Generally, this is a wide shot used to show a person, object, scene, or location in its entirety. Depending on the size of the subject, the shot may also include background images. It is often used as an “establishing shot”.

long shot

5

A shot of a person where the vantage point is behind a second person that is facing away from the camera. When the shot is properly composed, the back of the head and shoulder of the second person is in the foreground.

over the shoulder

6

operate the zoom control to get a closer (telephoto) view of the subject

zoom-in

7

operate the zoom control to get a longer, more distance (wide angle) view of the subject

zoom-out

8

to turn the camera head either left or right

pan

9

to point the camera head either up or down

tilt

10

getting the camera into focus by adjusting the focus ring

focus-up

11

to roll the camera and tripod either towards or away from the subject

dolly

12

to roll the camera and tripod either to the left or right in relation to the subject

truck

13

to raise or lower the camera head using the ____ crank

pedestal

14

a red light on the camera that indicates its signal is being sent directly onto the recording device or over the air. This camera is referred to as "on air." Allows the talent to address the proper camera. Signifies recording on a portable camcorder.

tally light

15

a control ring on the camera lens used to adjust the amount of light entering the camera through its aperture (iris)

f-stop

16

the use of a white card or object to set a reference point for how the camera sees white. The camera bases all other colors off of that reference point

white balance

17

the space between the top of the frame and the top of the subject's head

headroom

18

the space between the subject's face and the side of the frame they are looking or moving towards. While a person is generally centered in the frame, more space is given to the side they are facing. This term becomes even more important when a subject is moving and the camera is following that movement.

lead room

19

special effect that allows a specific color to be replaced (keyed out) by the image from another video source. This effect is also called "green screening" or "blue screening."

chroma key

20

amplification of the video signal on a camera. While this results in a brighter picture, the image is not as sharp (grainier)

gain

21

an edit or cut between two shots that are so similar that the image appears to jump at the edit point or shot change

jump cut

22

a camera shot in which the angle is deliberately tilted to one side, often used for dramatic effect to help portray anxiety, disorientation, frantic/desperate action, or mental illness

dutch angle

23

measures the amount of light (brightness) in a video image

waveform monitor

24

measures the color of light in a video image

vectorscope

25

the manner in which a camera shot is composed

composition

26

where the cameraperson looks to view the image from his or her camera

viewfinder

27

camera takes on the identity of the viewer or a character in the action. It shoots from the perspective (point of view) of that character

subjective camera

28

light placed in front of and above a subject at a 45 degree angle

key light

29

directional illumination coming from behind and above the subject

back light

30

placed in front of and above the subject, opposite the key light source to reduce shadows cast by the key light

fill light