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Flashcards in Study Exam 6 Deck (58)
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1
Q

Define Terrorism:

A

the unlawful use of violence and intimidation, especially against civilians, in the pursuit of political aims.

2
Q

Define Weapons of Mass Destruction

A

a chemical, biological or radioactive weapon capable of causing widespread death and destruction.

3
Q

What are the district types of terrorists :

A

Domestic and extremist groups

4
Q

What are indicators of terrorism?

A

Vehicles in Odd places and times.
Suspicious or Odd clothing & behavior
Exiting secure areas

5
Q

What are potential terrorist targets?

A
Telecommunications, electrical power
Gas or oil production/delivery/storage
Banking & finance
Water supply
Emergency services
Government ops
Sporting event’s 
Place of worship
Schools/Malls
6
Q

What does CBRNE stand for?

A

Chemical, biological, radiation, nuclear, explosive

7
Q

What does RAIN stand for?

A

Recognize, Avoid, Isolate, Notify

8
Q

What are the WMD control zones?

A

Hot - Death, serious injury & contamination

Warm- significant injury & contamination

Cold - Minor injury & contamination

9
Q

What are hazardous material’s?

A

Substance or chemicals that pose a health hazard, physical hazard, and harm to environment

10
Q

What are the 1-5 hazardous material classifications?

A
  • Class 1 Explosive
  • Class 2 Compressed Gas
  • Class 3 Flammable & combustible liquid
  • Class 4 Flammable solids
  • Class 5 Oxidizer
11
Q

What are the 6-10 hazardous material classifications?

A
  • Class 6 Poisons
  • Class 7 Radioactive
  • Class 8 Corrosive
  • Class 9 Misc. HAZMAT
  • ORM-D Other Regulated Materials
12
Q

How can you detect hazardous?

A

shipping Papers, placards, abnormal smells, smoking, noisies (abnormal), Fire

13
Q

What is the North American Emergency Response Guidebook?

A

Provides first responders a guide book on how to deal with hazmat transportation incidents

14
Q

What is CHEMTRAC?

A

Chemical Transportation Emergency Center - provides immediate hazard and response information

15
Q

What is MSDS sheet?

A

Material safety data sheet

16
Q

What is the Benner’s DECIDE process?

A

Detect, Estimate, Choose, Identify, Do, Evaluate

17
Q

How should you respond to a hazmat incident?

A

Keep Safe distance, secure scene (No one in/out), Identify hazard if possible, notify authority

18
Q

Who give the authority for “STARS”?

A

MSHP (State Statue)

Missouri Statewide Traffic Accident Records System

19
Q

when there are multiple traffic events how to determine if it is reported as one crash or more…

A

Determined by One crashed event, if all consecutive.

20
Q

What are the rules for completing the STARS report forms?

A

Complete all boxed, supplement forms for cars and pedestrians, DOB must be MM/DD/YYYY, street codes and area codes for addresses

21
Q

when is a crash report required and when it is optional:

A

Law enforcement officers SHALL file accident reports with the MSHP when a vehicle accident resulting in
injury, death, or a total of $500 or more in apparent property damage to one person. Shall be reported within 10 days

22
Q

What’s the definition of a crash:

A

There must be at least one harmful event (injury or damage producing event) involving at least one motor vehicle in-transport.

The harmful event cannot be the result of an intentional act or cataclysm.

23
Q

What is the definition of roadway?

A

Portion of a highway designed primarily used for vehicle travel. Not burn or shoulder

24
Q

What’s the definition of harmful event?

A

When an Injury, death or damage producing event occurs

25
Q

What is the definition of unstabilized event ?

A

Loss of control (principle event leading to harmful event)

26
Q

What’s the purpose of an Interrogation?

A

Gathering evidence, confession, admission

27
Q

What are the steps of an interrogation?

A

Interview, reading of rights, control dialog, establish rapport, establish personality type, determine deception, establish a theme

28
Q

Why are the 4 Crowd classifications?

A

Casual - Not associated as a group, individual motivates.

Sighting crowd - Curious, cooperative and easy to control. People + space with the addition of an event (Car accident).

Agitated - “Casual” + “Sighting” crowds with an added element of Emotion getting the crowd involved.

MOB - Hostile and aggressive crowd. Looses sense of reason, high physical activity, very destructive, ruled by a contagious agitation.

29
Q

What are the four MOD Behavior patterns?

A

Stimulus - response to persons/movement

Intense excitement- loud noise, chanting or yelling

Agitation - outburst violent actions, verbal abuse

Ruled by emotion- inability to reason/ think critically

30
Q

1-7 Crowd Behavior: Impression of Universality

A

beliefs that one attitude and emotions are shared by everyone

31
Q

1-7 Crowd Behavior: Social Suggestion

A

coming not from an individual but from the group

32
Q

1-7 Crowd Behavior: anonymity

A

Presence of a large number of persons gives the feeling that one’s identity is hidden

33
Q

What are “Lack of restraint, common denominator, inability to withdraw, increase in hostility”?

A

4 of 7 Crowd behaviors

34
Q

What are the functions of Civil Disturbance Squads?

A

Manage and contain unusual events. Patrol hostile areas, response to calls for service requiring multiple officers, security of field personnel in hostile areas, situations requiring chemical agents, high profile patrol operations

35
Q

What is a Crowd Control Plan?

A

Observe spectators, not the event. Ignore “Bating” by spectators - DO NOT BLUFF. Avoid unnecessary conversation, Remain Impartial, bodily contact, and watch to identify leaders or troublemakers.

36
Q

What is the “Active Level” of a civil disorder? (3 levels)

A

Disobedient, unlawful assembly; Riotous behavior

37
Q

What is the “Passive Level” of a civil disorder? (3 levels)

A

Disobedience, unlawful assembly; non- violent behavior

38
Q

What is the “Anarchy Level” of a civil disorder? (3 levels)

A

Urban terrorism, very violent behavior

39
Q

What tactics do Rioters use ?

A

Use of “Guerrilla” tactics, false calls to police and fire to disrupt resources and remove from troubled areas. “Officer needs help” yelled out by citizens to draw personnel away.

40
Q

What does RADAR stand for?

A

Radio Detection And Ranging

41
Q

What is the “Absolute Speed Limit Law”?

A

Is the Posted speed limit and nothing more

42
Q

What are the Basic Principle of Doppler RADAR

A

Produces velocity data about objects at a distance. Does this by bouncing a microwave signal off a desired target and analyzing how the object’s motion has altered the frequency of the returned signal.

43
Q

What is a RADAR Beam?

A

Transmits a radar signal at the speed of light, cone shaped, and is infinite unless reflected/absorbed or refracted by an object such as metal, gunmetal or concrete.

44
Q

What is the “scanning effect” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

When the antenna is suddenly “swung” or scanned against a parked car, brick wall or any other large stationary object to achieve a speed reading. Nothing is moving except the antenna.

45
Q

What is the “Panning effect” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

(Only with a 2pc radar unit) Antenna is pointed at the counting unit, bc of electronic feedback, you’ll hear an inconsistent squeal.

46
Q

What is the “Power surge” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

Might be a speed displayed when the radar unit is first turned on.

47
Q

What is the “Mirror effect” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

A reverse copy of the speed display screen. When a hand held radar has a switch that allows the radar to be viewed from the rear view mirror.

48
Q

What is the “Shadow effect” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

“Locks onto” a large moving vehicle such as a semi

49
Q

What is the “Batching” that messes with the RADAR’s accuracy?

A

By lag time, moving radar, from quick acceleration or deceleration. Can be avoided by cruise control or a maintained speed.

50
Q

What came from “Honeycutt vs. Commonwealth of Kentucky”

A

It is sufficient an operator has knowledge and training as enables him properly to set up, test and read the radar;

Tuning forks is an accurate method of determining radar accuracy;

Operator not required to understand scientific principles of radar or be able to explain internal workings;

The Officer’s estimate of excessive speed from visual observation, when confirmed by Radar and the offending vehicle is out front by itself, nearest the radar is sufficient to identify the vehicle if the officer’s visual observations support the radar.

51
Q

What are the six areas/questions that will ensure that a report is complete?

A

Who, what, when, where, how, why

52
Q

What are the general elements/components of a professional law enforcement report?

A

Basic command of grammar and punctuation.

It is totally objective and factual (NO bias or prejudice to predetermine the investigation direction.)

Looks good & professional! Sloppy reporting = sloppy investigation..

53
Q

What is a “Factual Statement”?

A

A Statement is provable, can be made and under oath and can be accepted as evidence.

54
Q

What are the requirements for law enforcement narrative reports

A

Use first person actions

Use names and not abbreviations (v- victim). Use only the last name after you used the full name once.

Use past tense verb(s)

Use active voice of the verb

55
Q

What are common geographic locations for gang activity?

A

Mostly located in lower class, ghetto or barrio communities. Characterized by deteriorating neighborhoods, shifting populations and the mobility & disorganization of the slum.

56
Q

What are the predominant race, ethnicity and culture of gangs?

A

All ethic categories, predominantly african americans & hispanics. some from cultural heritage

57
Q

What are some gang activities?

A

Small % - “Party gangs” and have extensive involvement in drug use and sales, mostly for their own habits.

“Good” % involved extensively in serious drug use, higher drug sales than any other group and high risk for becoming formal criminal organizations

Large % - “Serious delinquents” engage extensively in violent & property offenses.

58
Q

Why does “B.L.E.V.E” stand for? (Compressed gas)

A

Boiling Liquid Expansing Vapor Explosion