Flashcards in Study Guide Questions- Exam 2 Deck (200)
Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will be associated with which classification of bone?
Ossification within the length of the ligamentum flavum will be associated with which classification of bone?
The greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at ____?
The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?
List, in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body.
costal element, anterior tubercle, costotransverse bar, posterior tubercle, true transverse process
What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?
splenius cervicis, iliocostalis cervicis, longissimus cervicis, levator scapula, middle scalene, posterior scalene, rotators and posterior intertransverse muscles.
What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?
Middle scalene and posterior intertransverse muscles
What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?
60 degress anterolaterally (from midsagittal plane), 15 degrees inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)
What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?
the carotid tubercle
What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?
the vertebral artery, vertebral venous plexus and postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers
What is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets?
forty to forty-five degrees from the coronal plane
What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?
forward, lateral, down (FoLD)
What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?
the longissimus capitis, longissimus cervicis, semispinalis capitis, semispinalis cervicis, mutifidus and rotators.
What muscles blend with the capsular ligament of cervical zygapophyses?
the semispinalis capitis, multifidis, and rotator longus
What modifications of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?
The greatest range of flexion- extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?
What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?
lateral bending and axial rotation
Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?
the C5/C6 vertebral couple
What is the usual condition for the African-American typical cervical spinous process?
they are non-bifid
What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process?
the spinalis cervicis, semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis, multifidis, rotators and interspinalis
What joint classifications are observed on the anterior arch of C1?
fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint and synovial (diarthrosis) trochoid joint
What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C1?
backward, upward, medial (BUM)
What is the joint classification of the atlnato-occipital zygapophysis?
synovial (diarthrosis) ellipsoidal joint
What are the morphological characteristics of the inferior articular facet of C1?
asymmetrical, slightly concave or flattened
What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C1?
backward, medial, downward (BMD)
What is the joint classification of the atlanto-axial zygapophysis?
synovial (diarthrosis)arthrodia joint
What muscles attach to the lateral mass of C1?
levator scapula, splenius cervicis and rectus capitis anterior
What is the distance from the posterior tubercle of the posterior arch to the skin in each gender?
males: about fifty millimeters;
females: about thirty-seven millimeters