Flashcards in SU6 - Capital Budgeting Deck (8):
Explain Capital Budgeting.
Capital budgeting refers to the process of identifying and evaluating potential investments in long-lived assets to determine whether they will add value to the firm, and the implementation and monitoring of such investments.
Through which methods can the rate of return be measured?
The NPV - the net cash flows have to be discounted back to present value using the cost of capital as the required rate of return. An investment will only add value if the sum of the present values of the cash flows exceeds the initial investment.
The IRR - the investment will only add value if the IRR exceeds the required rate of return as measured by the weighted average cost of capital (WACC)
What are the three basic discount cash flow techniques are?
1. Net present value (NPV)
2. Profitability index (PI)
3. Internal rate of return (IRR)
The profitability index is also know as
Formula for PI
The PI is calculated by dividing the present value of cash inflows by the initial investment. :
PI = (Total present values of the net cash flows) / (initial investment)
If the PI is ≧ to one, accept the project