Flashcards in SU8 - The Management of Working Capital Deck (15):
What is the objective of a financial manager?
To manage the CCC (Cash Conversion Cycle) efficiently in order to maintain adequate levels of cash.
Explain the Operating Cycle (OC).
It may be described as the period of time that elapses between the building up of inventory and the cash being allocated from the sale of that inventory.
What are the components of the Operating Cycle (OC).
1. Average age of inventory (AAI)
2. Average collection period (ACP) of sales
What is the formula for Operating Cycle (OC)?
OC = AAI + ACP
Explain the Cash Conversion Cycle.
The time period that elapses between buying the products and actual payment is referred to as the average payment period (APP).
The CCC represents the total number of days in the operating cycle of the firm less the APP.
What is the formula for the Cash Conversion Cycle (CCC)?
CCC = AAI + ACP - APP
What does the CCC indicate.
It indicates for a how many days the company’s money is tied up
Explain Spontaneous financing .
Spontaneous financing arises from the normal operations of the firm, that is buying goods and services from creditors and paying their accounts later.
How do we the total inventory costs (TIC)?
By adding ordering costs and carrying costs.
What is the objective of inventory management?
To maintain a balance between the rising and falling costs that will result in the lowest total cost of inventory for a firm.
This can be achieved by determining the economic ordering quantity (EOQ)
What is the formula for EOQ?
EOQ = Square the answer of [2(FxS)] / CxP
EOQ = economic ordering quantity or the optimum quantity to be ordered with each order placed
F = fixed costs of placing and receiving an order
S = annual sales in units
C = caring costs expressed as a percentage of inventory value
P = purchase price per unit
How do you calculate average inventory on hand?
(Inventory at beginning of period + inventory at end) / 2
How do you calculate the reorder point?
Reorder point = lead time in days x daily requirement
The formula to manage bad debt is
(Bad debts/Credit Sales) x 100