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AQA Biology AS level H > Sugars > Flashcards

Flashcards in Sugars Deck (16)
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1

What elements are carbohydrates composed of?

C
H
O

2

What is a Monosaccharide?

A monomer of Carbohydrates

3

What are the 6 monosaccharides?

Glucose x Glucose
Glucose x Fructose
Glucose x Galactose

4

What are the monosaccharides for Maltose?

Glucose x Glucose

5

What are the monosaccharides for Sucrose?

Glucose x Fructose

6

What are the monosaccharides for Lactose?

Glucose x Galactose

7

What type of sugar is Glucose?

A hexose sugar

8

What is a hexose sugar?

A monosaccharide with six carbon atoms in each molecule

9

What are the two types of Glucose?

Alpha
Beta

10

What are alpha and beta glucose?

Isomers

11

What are isomers?

Molecules with the same molecular formula as each other but the atoms are connected in a different way

12

How do you know if it is a alpha glucose molecule?

The OH on the right is at the bottom

13

How do you know if it is a beta glucose molecule?

The OH on the right is at the top

14

How is a Disaccharide formed?

When two monosaccharides join together

15

How are monosaccharides joined together?

Condensation reaction

16

What bond forms between two monosaccharides during a condensation reaction?

Glycosidic bond