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April EOR Exams > Surgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surgery Deck (365)
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1

What is the most common thyroid cancer?

papillary

2

What is the most common risk factor for bladder cancer?

smoking

3

What is split S1 and S2 heart beats a side effect?

atrial septal defect

4

What is a hypocalcemia a sign of?

hyperparathyroid

5

What are the symptoms of hypocalcemia?

trousseau's and chovostek's -- hyperreflexia
-prolonged QT

6

What weight loss surgery has malabsorption and restrictive qualities?

gastric bypass (roux en y)
-sleeve and band are only restrictive

7

What are the signs and symptoms of B12?

AMS, neuro symptoms, increased MMA and homocysteine

8

What are the signs and symptoms of pheochromocytoma?

intermittent HA, hypertensive crisis, young pt

9

What is the tx of pheochromocytoma?

removal

10

What is the initial study when a patent has bad breath and food is getting stuck?

barium swallow

11

What is a trousseau's sign a sign of?

hypocalcemia

12

What is a concern when doing a thyroidectomy?

hoarse voice - don't cut the recurrent laryngeal nerve

13

What is the treatment of ulcerative colitis?

proctocolectomy

14

Dysphagia with solid foods and liquids, what is the dx?

achalasia or cancer
-can be dysphagia with food first then eventually liquid

15

Elderly man with foul undigested food, EGD shows webs, what is the dx?

Schatzki Ring

16

Palpitations, headache, excessive sweating, how do you dx?

urine metanephrines

17

What is the pancreatic cancer marker?

Ca 19-9

18

Other than a lactate dehydrogenase and beta-HCG what other test do you order with testicular cancer?

alpha-fetoprotein

19

How do you diagnose a thyroid mass?

fine needle aspiration or radioactive iodine

20

What is a nonhealing peptic ulcer disease a symptom of?

Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

21

How do you treat a 1 cm stone?

lithotripsy

22

Periumbilical pain - RLQ pain is a sign of?

appendictis

23

Blue discoloration of umbilicus is what?

Cullens

24

What is severe diarrhea after eating and surgery a sign of?

dumping syndrome

25

What is the dx when you have an alcoholic with vomiting blood?

Mallory Weiss Tear

26

What is the tx of necrotizing fasciitis?

surgery STAT

27

What is the description of grade 4 internal hemorrhoid?

prolapsed and cannot be reduced

28

Numbness and paresthesia is a sign of?

hypocalcemia

29

What do we try to prevent when a patient has GERD?

Barrett's

30

Which obesity surgery has malabsorption?

bilopancreatic