Surgical Oncology, C33 P197-198 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Surgical Oncology, C33 P197-198 Deck (18)
1

Define:
Surgical oncology
P197

Surgical treatment of tumors

2

Define:
XRT
P197

Radiation therapy

3

Define:
In situ
P197

Not invading basement membrane

4

Define:
Benign
P197

Nonmalignant tumor—does not invade
or metastasize

5

Define:
Malignant
P197

Tumors with anaplasia that invade and
metastasize

6

Define:
Adjuvant RX
P197

Treatment that aids or assists surgical
treatment = Chemo or XRT

7

Define:
Neoadjuvant RX
P197

Chemo, XRT, or both BEFORE surgical
resection

8

Define:
Brachytherapy
P197

XRT applied directly or very close to the
target tissue (e.g., implantable adioactive
seeds)

9

Define:
Metachronous tumors
P197

Tumors occurring at different times

10

Define:
Synchronous tumors
P197

Tumors occurring at the same time

11

What do the T, M, and N
stand for in TMN staging?
P197

T-Tumor size
M-Mets (distant)
N-Nodes

12

What tumor marker is
associated with colon cancer?
P197

CEA

13

What tumor marker is
associated with hepatoma?
P197


a-Fetoprotein

14

What tumor marker is
associated with pancreatic
carcinoma?
P197

CA 19-9

15

What is paraneoplastic syndrome?
Syndrome of dysfunction not directly
associated with tumor mass or mets
(autoimmune or released substance)
Syndrome of dysfunction not directly
associated with tumor mass or mets
(autoimmune or released substance)
P198

Syndrome of dysfunction not directly
associated with tumor mass or mets
(autoimmune or released substance)

16

What are the most common
cancers in women?
P198

1. Lung
2. Breast
3. Colorectal

17

What are the most
common cancers in men?
P198

1. Prostate
2. Lung
3. Colorectal

18

What is the most common
cancer causing death in
both men and women?
P198

Lung!