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Flashcards in Sustainability Deck (79):
1

Ecological footprint

Land included to absorb the waste we make

Amount of the earths surface that is needed to produce all the energy and resources that each of us uses

2

How many hectares do we need each

7.7 hectares

3

Stewardship

The responsibility we all have to the environment and the resources that have been left for us by our ancestors

4

Sustainability

Ability to develop and meet the needs of the present without negatively affecting the ability of future generations meeting their needs

5

What is an economic system

The organization in which products and services are made up and used.

6

The economy is made up of two different people

Producers and consumers

7

What are producers

People who harvest, manufacture products or provide services

8

What are consumers

People who use products and services

9

Economic industries can be broken up into

Primary industries, secondary industries, tertiary industries and quaternary industries.

10

The primary industry

Low labour
Harvests natural resources

Mining, forestry, oil, gas, agriculture, fishing and hunting

11

The secondary refining industry

Large labour
Process raw materials into industrial products

Steel mills, textile mills, paper mills, plastic manufacturers, flour mills

12

The secondary manufacturing industry

Low skill
High labour
Process industrial products into goods

Cake makers, garment industry, furniture makers, industrial bakers.

13

Tertiary industry

Large labour
Provides services and distribution of final products to the market

Retail sales, healthcare, restaurants, education

14

Quaternary industry

Small labour
Provides intellectual services

Scientific research, information technology consultants

15

What is a basic industry

Industries that sell outside the community bringing new money into the community

16

Non-basic industries

Industries that sell within the community not bringing any new money into the community

17

What is the bottom line of water?

People need water to survive

18

Those who go without water for a week ...

Cry blood

19

What determines access to fresh water

The ability to pay

20

What percentage of the earths water is salt?

97%

21

What is the primary cause of water pollution

Agriculture and industries

22

How many gallons of groundwater is pumped each day?

30 billion gallons

23

When pumped groundwater returns to the aquifer it is called

Recharge or returned flow

24

What is a major contributor to soil erosion?

Deforestation

25

With privatization comes an —— in water prices

Increase

26

Why is the cost of Dasani more than Coca-Cola

Because of production taxes on the bottles and the cost of glass vs. plastic

27

What is desalination

Removing salt oceans water

28

Desalination uses a large amount of fossil fuels which contributes to...

Climate change

29

What is a SLAPP suit

Strategic lawsuit against public activism

30

Why are developing countries unable to build an infrastructure for clean water delivery?

Water is expensive
They are forced to export crops - need money
Debt
No healthcare
Weak water systems

31

What are some of the reasons “religious” conflicts occur?

Because of the demand of resources

32

What is a water catchment

Let’s water seep into the ground
Re-builds water systems

33

What should water be seen as?

1) a vital element, necessary for survival
2) a natural resource, of economic value
3) and environmental resource of common heritage to all
4) a cultural and spiritual resource

34

Increase of Demand of water
Reasons

World population
Increasing urbanization of world population leads to increased stress on local water resources
Growth of bottled water industry

35

Factors of decreasing water supply

Massive pollution of worlds surface water, groundwater, aquifers
Dumping of sewage, wastewater, pesticides, fertilizers into waterways
Global warming
Groundwater over pumping

36

How many people in the world Don’t have access to free water

About 1.2 billion people in the world
More than 2 million people per year mostly children die from water related diseases
Diarrhoea and Cholera

37

How much of the worlds freshwater does Canada have

About 20%However less than half about 9% is actually renewable

38

How many litres does a Canadian use of water a day

300 350 L of water per day

39

What are the two views of Canada’s forest industry

Corporate view versus environmentalist view

40

What percentage of large forests does Canada have

42%

41

What is sustained yield forest management

Using forest resources at a rate that allows them to renew themselves

42

What is soft wood

66% of Canada’s forests
Coniferous
Fir, spruce, pine

43

Hardwood

12% of Canada’s forests
Deciduous
Poplar, maple, birch

44

Commercial forests

Consists of trees still be harvested for profits they exist in warm wet areas of Canada that makes up for faster growth they are shipped through roads railways and waterways

45

Noncommercial forests

Unlikely to be harvested they are north of commercial forces were the precipitation levels are low they’re far away from transportation making a higher shipping costs

46

The largest commercial forest is

The Montane

47

In what ways Are Canada’s different forests used for commercial purposes

Boreal- pulp and paper
Taiga- too far from markets, some pulp and paper
West coast- lumbar, cedar shingles, and plywood
Montane forest- lumbar, pulp and paper
Mixed- flooring, furniture

48

Types of extraction

Clear cutting
Selective cutting
Sheltered logging

49

Transporting methods

Boats, trucks

50

Processing

Sawmills

51

How many jobs are involved in forestry

1/16

52

Solutions for wasted lumbar

Plywood and multi wood chips

53

Environmental challenges to the industry

Acid precipitation
Emissions from factories

54

What beetle has been devouring forests

Mountain pine beetle

55

Environmental issues created by the forestry industry

Habitat loss
Destroyed eco zones
Infertile soil
Air pollution
Global warming

56

What happened in new foundland -end of the line

The fishermen fished them out of existence
40 thousand people lost their jobs

57

When 1500 hooks were baited on the first and second line what happened

There was one fish caught first
A bucket full the second time

58

What happened in 1992 regarding cod fish

Cod fishing was banned

59

How many hooks are set each year

1.4 billion

60

Fishing recommend

15000 tons

61

Fishing recover

10000

62

Quotas

29500

63

Ignores

61000
One third of blue fin population

64

What percent of cod was stolen from you

50%

65

Projected time for wild fish to collapse

2048

66

What can our generation do to help us from reaching the end of the line

Change eating habits
Reduce catchment capacity
Act responsibly
Respect catch limits
Only catch in the quotas

Only consumers can make the change because we have eaten 90% of the fish

67

What percent of water is in the ocean

Ninety seven percent

68

Percent of water is locked in glaciers

Two percent

69

Renewable resource

Replaces itself after use

70

Non renewable resource

Gone once used up

71

Flow resource

Replaced whether humans use it or not

72

Canada is home to what percent of freshwater

Twenty percent

73

What fraction of Canadians rely on the Great Lakes for water

One in three

74

How many litres of untreated sewage is dumped into our waterways each year

Three billion

75

Percent of municipal water for drinking

Three percent

76

Is Canada the second largest water consumer

Yes

77

How many litres does a person in Canada need each day

330 L
Or with industries
4500 L

78

Tragedy of Walkerton

Water was contaminated by e-Coli bacteria may, 2000
Water supply was run by two brothers with no formal training
E-Coli came from farm runoff into adjacent well
7 died
2500 became ill

79

How many square Kms does Canada’s forests cover

9 971 000