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Flashcards in Sustainablity In Urban Areas Deck (37):
1

Define sustainability

People living now without reducing the ability for people to live in the future

2

How can a city become sustainable through waste management?

Producing less waste or changing how waste is deposited

3

Describe landfill

When rubbish is buried in quarries

4

What are the advantages of of landfill?

Cheap and new landfills can be lined with impermeable materials

5

What are the disadvantages of landfills?

Pollute ground water and releases lots of greenhouse gasses

6

What is a case study example of landfill?

Manila, Philippines - 10,000 families live next to the landfill

7

Describe composting as a strategy to waste management

In the uk 38% of household waste is biodegradable

8

What are the advantages to composting?

Reduced the cost to local authority and produces a rich fertiliser

9

What are the disadvantages of composting?

Waste must be stored properly , if it is contaminated then it cannot be sold for agricultural uses

10

Describe recycling

When waste materials are made into new products or materials

11

What are the advantages of recycling?

Cheap and uses less energy than making new products

12

What are the disadvantages of recycling?

Costs money up front to set up collection/plants and some cannot be bothered

13

What is the case study for recycling in urban areas?

Windsor - 70% signed up and recycling increased by 35%

14

Describe the reuse and reduce strategy

Individuals register with mail preference service to reduce junk mail

15

What are the advantages of reduce sand reuse?

Plastic bottles are easily reused

16

What are the disadvantages of the reduce and reuse scheme?

Only some produces can be successfully reused

17

What is a case study example of the reduce and reuse scheme?

Germany - drinks companies give money back when a refillable cup in used

18

Describe the energy recovery scheme

Waste that cannot be composited, reused or recycled is burnt into heat / electricity

19

What are the advantages of the energy recovery scheme?

Provides heat for many houses

20

What are the disadvantages of the energy recovery scheme?

Not sustainable as it produced co2

21

What main problems are associated with driving?

•reduces QOL
•longer journey times
•increased stress
•further emissions

22

What three things does public transport need to be?

Reliable, cheap and easy

23

What is the most transport-wise country in Europe?

Freiburg, Germany

24

In 2000-2008, what percent of Germans walked/cycled/PT for their journeys?

40%

25

How did Freiburg, Germany achieve sustainability?

•integrated transport system
•unified ticket system
•buses have priority at the lights
•city centre is pedestrianised

26

How did car journeys decrease in Freiburg between 1982-2007?

Decreased by 6%

27

In Freiburg, what percent of fares paid for the overall transport system?

90%

28

What do road schemes aim to do?

Encourage other forms of transport from cars

29

What's an example of a successful road scheme?

Cleritiba, Brazil
Each road widened for bus lanes

30

What does traffic management aim to do?

Changes the route traffic can take, by passes are often built to avoid the city centre

31

What are integrated transport systems aimed to do?

Coordinate different types of PT to avoid waiting times

32

What are park and ride schemes?

Park on towns outskirts (R/U fringe) avoiding the cost of city centre parking charges, but may cause conflict and doesn't actually reduce the number of cars

33

Where are low carbon vehicles used and how do they work?

Singapore - powered by hydrogen and only emit water

34

What is the Cambridge guided busway?

Disused train line, tracks changed based on a ladder concept (decrease surface run off)

35

How much did the Cambridge guided busway cost?

£180 million (but still 1/5 of a similar rail project)

36

How have the Lake District aimed to create sustainable transport?

•bike friendly busses
•electric bike hire points
•core hire promoted instead of driving to the lakes

37

What did Rio De Janerio do to create a sustainable transport system?

Cable car system designed for city dwellers, costing £63 million