Swedish Massage Flashcards Preview

Anatomy > Swedish Massage > Flashcards

Flashcards in Swedish Massage Deck (44)
Loading flashcards...
1

Direction

Towards the heart

2

Pressure

To issue end feel

3

Rhythm

Smooth and flowing, even

4

Rate

Match to clients breathing

5

Duration

Client or tissue tolerance

6

How can u tell when tissue is over treated

Angry red hyperemia

7

What are the roles of the parasympathetic system and sympathetic systems

Parasympathetic, rest and digest
Sympathetic, fight or flight

8

What are the physical effects on the body of chronic stress?

Disease,
suppressed immune system,
isomnia,
TMJ dysfunction,
hypertonicity,
skin eruptions

9

What is the symptom picture of a client presenting with a increased sympathetic state?

Tight facial expression,
apical breathing,
anxiety,
sleep disturbance,
hypertonicity,
effects

10

Name 4 perpetuating factors of trigger points in the muscle/fascial tissue?

Chronic infection,
muscle constriction,
inactivity,
repetitive activity,
muscle/bone imbalances
Untreated injury

11

What is the main difference between an active trigger point and a latent one

Active tp you feel all the time
Latent tp you feel with palpation

12

How do we determine where there are facial restrictions

Fascial glides going all directions
Skin rolling

13

What are 3 assessment techniques we use to determine fascial restriction

Glides
Skin rolling
AROM

14

What are 3 indicators of a release in fascial adhesion

Release of adhesion
Puckering stops
Pain decrease
Palpable release of heat

15

What is reflex muscle guarding

Compensating muscles going into protective spasm,
Response to pain or injury,
Natural splint

16

What is a contraindication to consider when treating a spasm that is reflexive muscle guarding in nature?

Don't remove spasm to early until healing has started.
Do not stretch

17

What is the pain spasm cycle?

Muscle contraction = lack of movement = tissue ischemia = pain = muscle spasm

18

What techniques would you use on a muscle spasm and what general effects are you trying to achieve

-Effleurage and petrissage
-reduce pain, increase blood flow, decrease trigger points on compensating muscles

19

What is a tension headache

Muscle in origin
Caused by muscle tension

20

What are the health history questions that you may ask to help you determine the nature of the headache

How often/ how long
Where does it hurt
What relieves and aggravates it
Onset, activity or rest
Dental work
Stress
Are you having one now?
What meds are you taking

21

Muscles that you would probably want to address In a typical tension headache, what are there actions?

Subocciptals- stabilize, extend neck
Temporalis- closes jaw
Cervical erectors- rotation, side Flexion
Upper traps- extend neck, Contralateral rotation, Lateral Flexion
Masseter- closes jaw

22

Name 4 contraindications/ precautions to consider when working with the temporomandibular joint

Dental surgery
Don't work over corotive pulse
Always stay unilateral
Careful around styloid process
Never articulate joint superiorly

23

What are the muscles of mastication and what are there actions

Masseter- closes jaw
Temporalis- closes jaw
Digastric- retracts jaw
Mylohoid- depresses mandible
Medial pterygoid- closes jaw
Lateral pterygoid- opens/ protrudes jaw, moves side to side

24

What is the difference between functional and structural postural dysfunction

Functional- muscles and fascia
Postural- Boney changes

25

Name muscles that are primarily postural

QLs
Erectors
Pecs
Rectus femorus
Hamstrings
Adductors
Intercostals
Upper traps,
iliopsoas
Gastrox

26

Muscles that are primarily phasic

Lower/mid traps
Rhomboids
Gluts
Rectus abdominis
Tibias anterior
Mid/lateral quads

27

How would you treat stressed postural muscles differently then stressed phasic muscles

Postural- fascial release, stretching, TPs
Phasic- stimulating, Swedish, TPs

28

What are some implications for the head and neck with regards to chronic head forward posture associated with hyperkyphosis

TMJ,
Wear and tear of cervical spine

29

Name the primary muscles you will be treating with hyper kyphosis and what techniques you will be employing

Pecs- stretch
Intercostals
Rhomboids
Sub scapularus
Traps
Erectors
Sub occiptals

30

What joints will likely have a decreased rom with hyperkyphosis

Intercostal
Gh joint (glenohumeral)
Cervical spine