Swine Anaesthesia Flashcards Preview

NSULA Vet Tech Surgery and Anaesthesia > Swine Anaesthesia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Swine Anaesthesia Deck (13):
1

What are 4 unique challenges when putting swine under anaesthesia?

1) venous access difficult
2) ET intubation difficult
3) respiratory depression common
4) elevations of body temp common

2

Why is it difficult to keep swine temperatures from fluctuating?

1)low body surface area to body mass ratio
2) absence of sweat glands
3) malignant hyperthermia in genetically predisposed pigs

3

What is TKX combo?

Telazol-Ketamine-Xylazine

Telazol reconstituted with 2.5 mL xylazine (100 mg/mL) and 2.5 mL Ketamine (100 mg/mL)

4

What is the dose of TKX combo

0.5-1 mL/50lb

5

What is the Duration of TKX

20-30 min

6

What is the recovery time of TKX

60-90 min

7

What kind of anesthesia do you use for a c-section?

Lumbosacral epidural or spinal anesthesia

8

When do you use intratesticular injections?

castration

9

What types of inhalation anesthesia can you use on swine

Iso or Sevo

Mask induction or for maintenance through mask, nasal, or endotracheal tubes

10

5 Signs of Malignant Hyperthermia

1) Extreme muscle rigidity
2) increased temp
3) tachycardia
4) tachypnea
5) metabolic acidosis

11

Treatment of Malignant Hyperthermia

Dantrolene
supportive care ( fluids, steroids, o2, body cooling)

12

How do you recover swine from anesthesia

-Administer oxygen and assist ventilation as necessary
-Position in sternal recumbency
- Place in well-ventilated, cool, and quiet environment
-Assess vital signs periodically

13

How can you be prepared for respiratory emergencies

1)Tracheotomy if necessary
2)Trachea may be very narrow – have variety of ET sizes
3)Respiratory stimulant available