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Flashcards in Sympathetic Trunk Deck (71)
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1

Two paravertebral columns of interconnected ganglia?

Sympathetic trunk

2

The fibers carried in the sympathetic trunk are ______ and _____?

Ascending and descending

3

How many ganglia are usually in each sympathetic trunk?

21-22

4

Name numbers of ganglia:
____ cervical
____ thoracic
____ lumbar
____ sacral

3 cervical
11 thoracic
4 lumbar
4 sacral

5

The sympathetic trunk extends from _____ to _____

Superior cervical ganglion to
Ganglion impar

6

The cervical sympathetic trunk and ganglia lies between the _____ and the _______.

The carotid sheath and
Longus collie and capitis muscles

7

Are there white rami communicans in the cervical trunk?

NO

8

Are there gray rami communicans in the cervical trunk?

Yes - for all of them

9

There are 3 cervical ganglia - they are?

Superior, middle, and inferior cervical ganglia

10

What forms the stellate ganglion?

Fusion of the inferior cervical ganglion with the first cervical ganglion.

11

Which is the largest of the cervical ganglion?

Superior cervical ganglion

12

Which ganglion is formed by the fusion of the upper four cervical ganglia?

Superior cervical ganglion

13

The superior cervical ganglion is located at what level?

C2-C3

14

The superior cervical ganglion is between _______ and the _______.

Carotid sheath and longus capitis muscles.

15

What fibers are distributed by the superior cervical ganglion through which branches?

postganglionic sympathetic,
Anterior, medial, and lateral

16

Lateral branches of the superior cervical ganglion are the _______.

Gray rami communicans

17

The lateral branches of the superior cervical ganglion communicate with the _____________.

Anterior primary rami of C1-C4

18

What cranial nerves does the lateral branch of the superior cervical ganglion communicate with?

CN. IX, X, XII

19

The medial branches of the superior cervical ganglion travel to which areas?

Larynx, pharynx, and heart

20

The medial of the superior cervical ganglion that go to the heart are called the ______.

Superior cardiac nerves

21

Are the superior cardiac nerves same as vague?

NO

22

The superior cardiac nerves carry _______ information only.

efferent

23

The anterior branches of the superior cervical ganglion innervates what? That supply what?

Vessels,
Blood to structures inside and outside the skull

24

The anterior branches of the superior cervical ganglion follow what?

Common and external carotid arteries

25

Which is the smallest of the cervical sympathetic ganglia?

Middle cervical ganglia

26

The middle cervical ganglia is located at what level?

C6

27

The middle cervical ganglion communicates with ________ nerve via what?

Anterior primary rami of C5 and C6
Gray rami communicans

28

The thyroid branches of the middle cervical ganglion are primarily what type of nerves?

vasomotor

29

The middle cervical ganglion has what 2 types of branches besides the communication with C5/C6?

Thyroid branches and cardiac branches

30

The thyroid branches of the middle cervical ganglion reach what glands?

Thyroid gland
Parathyroid gland