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Flashcards in Syndromes Deck (21):
1

Gerstmann's Syndrome

Lesion of dominant parietal lobe: acalculia, agraphia, finger agnosia, left-right confusion, inferior homonymous hemianopia

2

Anton's syndrome

patient with cortical blindness denies blindness

3

Mobius syndrome

-horizontal gaze palsy with 6-9 palsies

4

Ocular motor apraxia
-Acquired from is called what?
-Findings?
-Associations?

-saccadic palsy
-impairment of voluntary horizontal eye movements
-acquired form: Balint's syndrome
-head thrust towards desired direction of gaze
-abnormal OKN (fast phase absent)
-associations: Gaucher's dz, MR, ataxia-telangectasia, Wilson's disease, hypoplasia of corpus callosum

5

Fisher syndrome
-Etiology?

one and a half syndrome
-CN 6 and ipsilateral MLF (only movement is abduction of contralateral eye)
-most commonly due to stroke

6

Dorsal midbrain syndrome
-Etiology?
-Dx
-Tx

-aka Parinaud's syndrome
-most due to pineal tumor
-supranuclear paresis of upgaze, convergence retraction nystagmus on attempted upgaze, Collier's sign
-Dx: MRI, Tx: XRT

7

Progressive supranuclear palsy

-progressive vertical and horizontal gaze palsy, eventual frozen globe

8

Skew deviation

-vertical misalignment of visual axes due to imbalance of prenuclear inputs
-hypodeviated eye ipsilateral to lesion
-etiology: brainstem infarct, MS, ICP, IIH, cerebellar dz, VBI

9

Nothnagel's syndrome

-CN3 fascicle and superior cerebellar peduncle
-CN3 palsy and cerebellar ataxia

10

Benedikt's syndrome

-CN3 fascicle and red nucleus
-CN3 palsy and contralateral hemitremor and decreased sensation

11

Weber's syndrome

-CN3 fascicle and pyramidal tract
-CN3 palsy and contralateral hemiparesis

12

Claude syndrome

-Nothnagel's and Benedikt's

13

Millard Gubler syndrome

-CN6 and 7 fascicles and pyramidal tract
-contralateral hemiparesis

14

Raymond's syndrome

-CN6 and pyramidal tract
-contralateral hemiparesis

15

Foville's syndrome

-CN5,6,7 and sympathetics
-horizontal conjugate gaze palsy
-ipsilateral Horner's

16

Mobius syndrome

-CN7 lesion, supernumerary digits, skeletal abnormalities, MR

17

Gradenigo's syndrome

-localized inflammation or extradural abscess of petrous apex (mastoiditis)
-CN6 palsy with ipsilateral decreased hearing, facial pain, facial paralysis

18

Pseudo-Gradenigo's syndrome

-nasopharyngeal Ca, cerebellopontine angle tumor, petrous bone fx, basilar aneurysm, clivus chordoma

19

Devic's syndrome

-bilateral optic neuritis and transverse myelitis

20

Pseudo Foster-Kennedy syndrome

-sequential AION

21

Foster-Kennedy syndrome

-frontal lobe mass
-causes anosmia, ipsilateral optic atrophy and contralateral ON edema